In the country’s 12,000 police stations all over the country there is frequent use of torture and use of deadly force at local police stations in India.
India has the highest number of cases of police torture and custodial deaths among the world's democracies and the weakest law against torture.
The police often operate in a climate of impunity, where torture is seen as routine police behaviour to extract confessions.
The report analyses patterns and practices of torture in police custody with special focus on torture by prison guards, the military, armed opposition groups like the Naxalites (Indian Maoists) in north-east India, other public officials and non-state actors like upper castes, recovery agents of the Banks, Panchayats and so-called civil society organisations.
Lenin Raghuvanshi, recipient of the 2007 Gwangju Prize for human rights, stressed that reported cases of abuse is highest among Dalits, Tribals and minority communities.
The Indian system based on castes is diabolic and perpetuates discriminations and crimes against the weakest.
The system is guaranteed by collusion between police and upper castes, which favour the stronger according to a semi-feudal order of things.
“India,” said the activist, “has to immediately ratification the UN Convention Against Torture,” but sadly it wants to preserve the “nexus between police and feudal of upper-caste.”