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    » 12/11/2009, 00.00

    ASIA – UNITED NATIONS

    Beijing tells world to fight climate change through one-child policy



    The Chinese government proposes population controls as global weapon to fight climate change problems. The head of the Chinese delegation calls on the United States to make deeper cuts in carbon emissions. European leaders adopt a three-year € 6 billion plan to help developing countries. UN summit participants accept first draft proposal.
    Copenhagen (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Population controls can save the environment and the international community should adopt China’s one-child policy with that objective in mind, Chinese government sources said. The head of China’s delegation to the UN Conference on Climate in Danish capital urged US President Barack Obama to cut greenhouse gases. European leaders pulled an all-nighter to reach a deal on helping developing countries fight global warming. The € 6 billion (US$ 9 billion) aid package would be spread over three years.

    China defended its family planning policy as a way to reduce global warming. According to Beijing, its one-child and birth control policies, which include forced abortions and sterilisations on unwilling women, are part of its global strategy to fight climate problems and should be adopted by the international community.

    In spite of the gross violation of human rights, the strategy has been a “great success” according to Chinese authorities. “I'm not saying that what we have done is 100 per cent right, but I'm sure we are going in the right direction," said Zhao Baige, vice-minister of National Population and Family Planning Commission of China.

    China's top climate envoy Xie Zhenhua called on US President Barack Obama to increase a U.S. offer to cut greenhouse gases. He said China would discuss a 2050 emissions goal only if rich nations offered more cash and carbon cuts, adding that emissions cuts should be “at least 40 per cent” over 1990 levels by 2020.

    A successful outcome for the summit largely depends on agreement between the United States and China, which together generate 40 per cent of global carbon emissions.

    The Chinese delegate said that poor or developing countries must be guaranteed "sufficient, additional and sustainable" financial and technology.

    In the meantime, the European Union said it was ready to allocate € 6 billion (US$ 8.8 billion) to developing countries to promote clean energy technologies.

    Meeting in Brussels, the 27 assembled heads of state and government hammered out a deal, but doubts remain over the capacity of the Union’s eastern members to provide funds.

    In a joint press conference, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and French President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged € 1.7 billion (US$ 2.5 billion) in fast start money.

    In the morning, participants reached an agreement on a first official draft, which would set the ceiling for higher temperatures at 1.5-2 degrees Celsius. This would be the starting point for further negotiations in the coming days, which would include all world leaders.

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    See also

    27/11/2009 CINA – US – UN
    Wen, Obama and the vague promises of Copenhagen
    Washington and Beijing make grand gestures about reducing pollution, but use different criteria to do so. The Americans will cut emissions over the very high pollution levels of 2005 whilst the Chinese will reduce per capita emissions, which will allow for 50 per cent increase in overall levels.

    19/12/2009 UN
    Copenhagen, minimum agreement on climate to avoid failure
    The conference has "taken note" of the accord between the United States, China, India, Brazil and South Africa. First step toward full effectiveness, to be achieved by 2010. UN Secretary-General: key initiatives, but must be transformed into "international law".

    22/09/2009 CHINA – ASIA – UNITED STATES
    Everyone at UN waiting to see China’s move on green house gases
    China might present an ambitious plan to cut green house gases. Beijing’s posture will also influence that of the United States whose new president is committed to fighting pollution. An agreement between the two countries would be decisive for the fate of the world.

    07/12/2009 ASIA - UN
    Copenhagen climate conference opens, along with business deals and data manipulation
    Mandatory limits on emissions of carbon dioxide excluded. 10500 billion dollars in investment is needed. Concern for poor countries. The pope's appeal. The scandal of Climagate: scientists have decided to "tamper" with data on global warming to push for action. But according to others the earth is cooling.

    23/09/2009 ASIA – UNITED NATIONS
    China and India make vague promises on climate
    President Hu Jintao says his country will cut CO2 emissions, but will not set precise targets. India does the same. New Delhi is prepared to cut emissions, but said it would not make any formal commitment in the absence of a global plan.



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