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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 08/06/2012
INDIA - UNITED STATES
Activists warn religious freedom in "serious danger" in India
by Nirmala Carvalho
In the 2012 U.S. State Department report, India is among the nations "under observation". China, Vietnam and Saudi Arabia, countries of "particular concern". GCIC President: The Constitution guarantees the rights but it is "rejected". Atheist activist in Washington: we do not need lists, but "concrete support" for social peace.

Delhi (AsiaNews) - The Indian Constitution "provides for freedom of religion", but in practice often minorities "do not enjoy" the basic right and the concept of "state secularism" is at risk, underlines Sajan K George, President of the Global Council of Indian Christians (GCIC), in comments to AsiaNews about the recent publication of the 2012 Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (click here to download PDF document), prepared by the U.S. State Department.   Washington's analysis, however, does not fully convince activists like Lenin Raghuvanshi, director of the Peoples' Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (Pvchr), who maintains that the the U.S. government classification "is of no help."

According to the document prepared by the U.S. State Department, India is placed among the nations "under observation" for cases of violation of religious freedom. In contrast, nations like China, Vietnam, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia are of "particular concern" for repressions against religions or the deprivation of freedom of worship. A note for North Korea, where the regime in Pyongyang is confirmed as a nation where religious freedom is virtually "nonexistent."

GCIC activists record that in 2011 there were 136 incidents of anti-Christian attacks, of which 49 in the State of Karnataka alone, the epicenter of the violence against the minority also because of the policies promoted by the local government, since 2008 in the hands of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

"The Constitution of India - Sajan K George explains to AsiaNews - guarantees freedom of religion." However, we experience that "the reality is very different" and "it is not wrong" to say that in many states, especially "those led by the BJP," Christians "do not enjoy their full rights" or full religious freedom. He points to attacks against believers and places of worship and confirms that the current scenario of "secularism" of the nation is often overlooked in practice. Due to a "rising nationalism" and the "federal State's inability to act," says the Christian activist, it is possible to state that "the secular character of Indian democracy is in serious danger."

In contrast, Lenin Raghuvanshi shifts the focus to practical steps to promote peace and to guarantee full religious freedom. In this regard, he calls for the creation of movements and local initiatives, which could help to revive the goal of harmony and peaceful coexistence. He spares no criticism of the United States, which instead of processing documents should "raise funds through various agencies " to support projects and peace initiatives. Finally, an atheist activist recalls the investment and development programs on U.S. territory and, through these investments, Washington "should support secularism and interfaith harmony," while ensuring "the supremacy of the rule of law."


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See also
03/12/2008 ASIA
Most human rights violations in Asia
07/06/2011 INDIA
India’s struggle against human trafficking
by Nirmala Carvalho
03/13/2008 CHINA - UNITED STATES
United States and China: two-sided weakness over human rights
by Bernardo Cervellera
05/30/2006 INDIA
Indian Church: "Tamil Nadu highlights futility of anti-conversion laws"
by Nirmala Carvalho
03/08/2007 INDIA
US report worried about violence against religious minorities
by Nirmala Carvalho

Editor's choices
EGYPT - ISLAM
What Tayeb and Sisi said is big step towards a revolution in Islam
by Samir Khalil SamirThe grand imam of Al-Azhar slammed literalist interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, as fundamentalists and Islamic terrorists do. He supports the urgent need for Islam's reform, especially in terms of teaching lay people and clerics. He also calls for an end to mutual excommunication (takfir) between Sunnis and Shias. Egyptian President al-Sisi chose to fight the Islamic state group after it beheaded 21 Coptic Christians, whom he called "Egyptian citizens" with full rights.
SAUDI ARABIA - ISLAM
For head of Al-Azhar, religious education reform is needed to stop Islamic extremismFor Ahmed al-Tayeb, it is urgent to come up with new educational programmes to avoid "corrupt interpretations" of the Qur'an and Sunnah. Islamic terrorism undermines the unity of the Muslim world. He blames Mideast tensions on a "new global colonialism allied to world Zionism". a speech by the Saudi king is read at the conference.
HONG KONG - CHINA - VATICAN
It looks like someone is trying to shout us down
by Card. Joseph Zen Ze-kiunThe widespread optimism concerning the dialogue between the Holy See and China is largely groundless. Some Chinese bishops unable to speak freely are asked "leading" questions. The key issues remain unresolved, namely episcopal appointments and the fate of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association. Benedict XVI's Letter to Chinese Catholics, also cited by Pope Francis, provides guidelines. No agreement is better than a bad agreement. What happened to Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang and Msgr. James Su Zhimin? Hong Kong's bishop emeritus, champion of religious freedom in China, delivers a vibrant reflection.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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