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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 08/06/2012, 00.00

    INDIA - UNITED STATES

    Activists warn religious freedom in "serious danger" in India

    Nirmala Carvalho

    In the 2012 U.S. State Department report, India is among the nations "under observation". China, Vietnam and Saudi Arabia, countries of "particular concern". GCIC President: The Constitution guarantees the rights but it is "rejected". Atheist activist in Washington: we do not need lists, but "concrete support" for social peace.

    Delhi (AsiaNews) - The Indian Constitution "provides for freedom of religion", but in practice often minorities "do not enjoy" the basic right and the concept of "state secularism" is at risk, underlines Sajan K George, President of the Global Council of Indian Christians (GCIC), in comments to AsiaNews about the recent publication of the 2012 Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (click here to download PDF document), prepared by the U.S. State Department.   Washington's analysis, however, does not fully convince activists like Lenin Raghuvanshi, director of the Peoples' Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (Pvchr), who maintains that the the U.S. government classification "is of no help."

    According to the document prepared by the U.S. State Department, India is placed among the nations "under observation" for cases of violation of religious freedom. In contrast, nations like China, Vietnam, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia are of "particular concern" for repressions against religions or the deprivation of freedom of worship. A note for North Korea, where the regime in Pyongyang is confirmed as a nation where religious freedom is virtually "nonexistent."

    GCIC activists record that in 2011 there were 136 incidents of anti-Christian attacks, of which 49 in the State of Karnataka alone, the epicenter of the violence against the minority also because of the policies promoted by the local government, since 2008 in the hands of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

    "The Constitution of India - Sajan K George explains to AsiaNews - guarantees freedom of religion." However, we experience that "the reality is very different" and "it is not wrong" to say that in many states, especially "those led by the BJP," Christians "do not enjoy their full rights" or full religious freedom. He points to attacks against believers and places of worship and confirms that the current scenario of "secularism" of the nation is often overlooked in practice. Due to a "rising nationalism" and the "federal State's inability to act," says the Christian activist, it is possible to state that "the secular character of Indian democracy is in serious danger."

    In contrast, Lenin Raghuvanshi shifts the focus to practical steps to promote peace and to guarantee full religious freedom. In this regard, he calls for the creation of movements and local initiatives, which could help to revive the goal of harmony and peaceful coexistence. He spares no criticism of the United States, which instead of processing documents should "raise funds through various agencies " to support projects and peace initiatives. Finally, an atheist activist recalls the investment and development programs on U.S. territory and, through these investments, Washington "should support secularism and interfaith harmony," while ensuring "the supremacy of the rule of law."

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    See also

    12/03/2008 ASIA
    Most human rights violations in Asia
    State Department’s 2007 annual report fingers repressive North Korea and monk-killing Myanmar as the worst offenders. Iran is blamed among others things for stoning adulterers to death. Human rights violations are systemic in China where journalists, dissidents and even their lawyers are threatened and arrested.

    06/07/2011 INDIA
    India’s struggle against human trafficking
    US State Department releases its 2010 ‘Trafficking in Persons Report’. India drops out of the watch list and is now a Tier 2 level country because of “significant efforts” against the problem. In the country’s western region, the Church is involved in prevention.

    13/03/2008 CHINA - UNITED STATES
    United States and China: two-sided weakness over human rights
    The report on human rights from the U.S. State Department has become more lenient toward China. And yet the list of violations against human rights shows the same violations taking place in Burma. Among the many reasons for this change of course: the Olympics, and above all the U.S. financial crisis.

    30/05/2006 INDIA
    Indian Church: "Tamil Nadu highlights futility of anti-conversion laws"

    The new government of the southern state, composed of DMK democrats, has declared its intention to abolish the law punishing conversions as soon as possible; it is used only as a political instrument against minorities.



    08/03/2007 INDIA
    US report worried about violence against religious minorities
    US State Department's annual human rights report slams anti-conversion laws and anti-Christian attacks in India. Bishops’ Conference’ secretary general calls laws useless whilst Catholic activists warns that Christians’ declining demographic weight means they will not have any influence in the country within 20 years.



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