26 May 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 07/06/2012, 00.00

    BAHRAIN

    An 11-year-boy on probation for participating in Arab spring



    For a juvenile court, Ali Hasan is a danger to society and must be re-educated, but does not say what offences he might have committed. Arrested in May, the boy has already spent a month in jail.

    Manama (AsiaNews/ Agencies) - A Bahraini juvenile court ruled yesterday that 11-year-old Ali Hasan (pictured), accused of taking part in Arab spring-related anti-government protests on 13 May, will remain on probation because he represents a threat to society and must be re-educated. The case has caused outrage in the small country as well as abroad. Activists accuse the government of using Hasan's case to stifle pro-democracy protests that began in March 2011 with dozens of dead.

    Hasan was detained in May without specific charges. The court found him innocent and released him on 11 June. Yesterday, his case was reviewed and the judges decided he must be monitored for a year because he was dangerous, having taken part in three sit-ins organised by Shia activists in May.

    "The decision today condemns him indirectly," said Shahzalan Khamis, Hasan's lawyer. "I am not happy with the decision. This boy is innocent and did not commit a crime."

    Asked about their judgement, the judges said the charges against the boy had not been dropped; however, they did not say whether he had been formally found guilty of any crime for which he would be monitored for a year.

    Hasan is but one underage protester arrested during protests and sit-ins. According to the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, most of them were in the streets with their parents and without them would not have engaged in any action warranting arrest and detention.

    Bahrain has a Shia majority, but is governed by a Sunni royal family allied to the Saudi Arabia. For more than a year, people have been calling for constitutional reforms and the removal of Sheikh Khalifah ibn Salman al-Khalifah, head of the government since 1971.

    Following the start of the Arab spring, Bahrain's Shia opposition organised a popular uprising. The government responded by calling for Saudi help, which came in the form of special forces authorised to fire on demonstrators. The clashes that ensued left 24 people dead, including four police officers.

    Unrest resumed on 18 April 2012 in connection with the Formula One Grand Prize. For days, thousands of demonstrators occupied the streets of the capital and predominantly Shia villages.

    The government responded with a crackdown, imposing a curfew and arresting hundreds.

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    See also

    30/07/2013 BAHRAIN
    Manama cracks down on popular protests
    The announcement of new demonstrations by the Shiite majority pushes Manama to approve harsher rules against "acts of violence and terrorism." Two years after the Arab Spring and the long wave of rebellion of Egypt’s Tamarod, Shiite protests against the al-Khalifa royal house continue.

    02/07/2011 BAHRAIN
    Bahrain: Shiites join nascent reconciliation talks
    Al-Wefaq, the largest opposition bloc, will send five delegates. Without the participation of the Shiites "national dialogue" was in jeopardy. "If you do not discuss the problems of the people, we will withdraw," announced the leader of the party. Al-Wefaq was one of the main animators of the popular uprising of the last five months.

    02/05/2012 BAHRAIN
    Police uses violence to break up May Day demonstrations
    Tear gas and stun grenades are used to stop peaceful demonstrations. Almost 600 people have lost their jobs for taking part in last year's protests. In jail for the past year, Arab spring Shia activist al-Khawaja continues his hunger strike.

    23/09/2015 SAUDI ARABIA - UN
    UN: Riyadh stop the death sentence of Arab Spring protester
    Ali Mohammed al-Nimr was under age and in high school in 2012when he joined the protests in the eastern city of Qatif. United Nations officials say he was subjected to violence, torture and abuse by the police; the confession was extorted by force. He faces beheading and crucifixion. In 2015 the Executioner has already killed 134 people in the Saudi kingdom.

    18/01/2012 CHINA
    Zhu Yufu on trial in Hangzhou for freedom poem
    Involved in the Democracy Wall movement in 1979, the dissident has already spent nine years behind bars. Although the government denies it is carrying out a crackdown against human rights, it continues to round up activists and keep underground bishops and priests in jail.



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