06 December 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/18/2012, 00.00

    EGYPT

    As Islamists claim victory in presidential poll, military take back power



    In a surprise move, the military issue a decree that limits the powers of the future president, and gives them the right to appoint the members of the new constituent assembly. Pro-democracy political leaders and Islamists condemned the move as a military coup.

    Cairo (AsiaNews) - Egypt' Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) is taking advantage of the clashes between the two presidential candidates, Mohammed Morsy (Muslim Brotherhood) and Ahmed Shafiq (a former prime minister under Mubarak). In a declaration, the SCAF issued a decree that limits the powers of the future head of state and gives itself the power to choose members of the future constituent assembly.

    The declaration was signed last night, just before polls closed, just a few days after Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court dissolved the lower house of parliament, effectively terminating the constituent assembly as well.

    Under its new rules, the SCAF will maintain legislative power for an undetermined period of time; it will control over foreign aid and reserves the right to appoint members of the constituent assembly.

    New parliamentary elections will be held only after a new constitution is adopted.

    Various political leaders have described the military's move as a "silent coup" to ensure the SCAF stays in power.

    The 6 April Youth Movement called on Egyptians to come out to protest against the military.

    For pro-democracy leader and Nobel peace Prize laureate Mohammed el-Baradei, the decree is a "grave setback for democracy and revolution," an affront to the values of democracy embodied by the Jasmine Revolution.

    Former presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabahi, who had been backed by pro-democracy movements, described the military's declaration as a "seizure of the future of Egypt".

    The military's decree is unconstitutional and meaningless, said Independent Islamist Ahmed Fotouh, once viewed as a favourite for the presidency.

    The military's action marks a turning point in Egypt's post Mubarak era. It cuts down to size the ambitions of the Muslim Brotherhood, which claims to have won the presidential election with 52 per cent of the vote, a Pyrrhic victory for experts.

    Even if the Brotherhood did win, the military's powers would not be touched. By dissolving parliament, the SCAF has created mistrust in the population, as evinced by the low turnout (under 50 per cent) in the presidential poll and the high number of spoilt ballots.

    For many Egyptians, the Jasmine Revolution has now become a pipe dream.

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    See also

    28/11/2011 EGYPT
    Polls open in Egypt
    Queues at polling stations before dawn, in the first round of elections which will last two days. Overnight explosion targets pipeline that supplies Israel and Jordan. Tug of war over appointment of the Prime Minister chosen by Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

    09/07/2012 EGYPT
    President Morsi reinstates parliament dissolved by military
    Fears are growing of a power struggle between the military and the Muslim Brotherhood. Signed last night, the legality of the presidential decree is questioned. Parliament could meet tomorrow. Marshal Tantawi calls emergency meeting of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

    21/11/2011 EGYPT
    Egypt: Military confirms elections will take place November 28
    Despite the bloody battles of the weekend in Tahrir Square Supreme Council of the Armed Forces decided that the vote will take place as planned on November 28. Arrested the only female candidate for president, Bothaina Kamel.

    22/11/2011 EGYPT
    Egypt in the eye of the storm. Today the "march of a million" against the Military Council
    The civilian government submits resignation, after police violence in Tahrir Square, but yet to be accepted. The opposition demands that the Supreme Council of the armed forces hands over authority to civilians.

    13/04/2012 EGYPT
    Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists bar former Mubarak regime officials
    Parliament passed the bill yesterday but the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces must still approve it. Any prime minister or top official from the Mubarak regime is barred from active politics for ten years. Various presidential candidates could be excluded.



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