26 June 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 01/26/2013, 00.00

    CHINA

    Asylums and mutilation: China’s new forms of torture

    Chen Weijun

    While the central government debates whether to reform the system of "re-education through labor" cases of human rights violations multiply and worsen. The story of Chen Qingxia, wife of a mentally ill man, beaten until she lost the use of her legs as she tried to present his petition to the central government. Her husband was interned in a psychiatric hospital and her 12 year old son has disappeared into thin air.

    Beijing (AsiaNews) - While the central government discusses the abolition of the system of "re-education through labor", the Chinese news reports cases of horrific human rights violations. This is confirmed by the story of Chen Qingxia (see photo), the wife of a mentally ill man who became disabled as a result of the violence suffered while trying to get justice from the central authorities over abuse. Her story was told to China National Radio and even confirmed by an official of the Department of propaganda, who, however, tried to change the details.

    Chen's misfortunes began in 2003 when her husband, being treated at a psychiatric hospital, was sentenced to a labor camp (laojiao) for damaging a piece of railroad. After the conviction, the  camp refused to accommodate the man because of his psychiatric problems and brought him to the Yichun Office of Public Security - Heilongjiang - where the family lives. Chen saw several wounds on her husband's body and feared for his mental health seriously deteriorated after this trip. A few weeks later he was declared schizophrenic and committed to a psychiatric hospital, a very common practice used by the communist regime to silence dissenting voices.

    From this moment, the woman has been trying to get justice from the central government through the petitions system. It is a form provided and defended by the Chinese Constitution: if any citizen believes they have been wronged by the local authorities, they may request the central government to intervene. Given the huge number of cases, the minor officials - often corrupt and deviated in the management of local justice and security - will do anything to stop those who want to bring their petition to Beijing.

    In 2007, while returning from the capital, she was arrested and held in prison for 10 days in Yichun. During this detention she was badly beaten and lost the use of her legs, "My feet were fine after the visit to Beijing. While in custody they beat me and now I am not able to walk unaided." Next she was first locked up in a deserted morgue, guarded by a soldier, and then sentenced to 18 months of forced labour. Meanwhile, her son, aged 12, has disappeared into thin air. Li Nan, propaganda official in Yichun, confirmed the detention but specifies that Chen was "taking care" of 4 people in the Department of Hygiene for "humanitarian reasons".

    Chen's case is part of the ongoing debate in China on the abolition of the system of "laojiao." According to rumors, the Party, led by new leader Xi Jinping, is preparing to abolish them, for others it will only be a superficial "reform". In addition, several dissidents and analysts denounce, "without cross-checking, that can only be guaranteed by democracy, Beijing will always have the need to violate the human rights of the population. They can change the name, but will find another to define the same things."

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    See also

    22/11/2008 CHINA
    UN committee: Beijing should apologize to Tiananmen victims
    The committee against torture calls upon China to ask forgiveness for the massacre of students, and to provide information on the people still in prison. It also expresses the hope for "full and impartial" investigations to clarify the affair and punish the guilty. The UN also calls for an end to torture.

    21/01/2013 CHINA
    Forced labor camps, Party game continues amid announcements and denials
    For the third time in a month an official voice of the Communist regime announces the closing of laojiao, the fields of "re-education through labor" set up by Mao Zedong to silence opposition and now used against Christians, Falun Gong practitioners and dissidents. The first two were denied in the following days. The struggle for reform inside the CCP.

    29/04/2010 CHINA
    Pre-Expo “cleansing”, dissidents arrested, sent to camps
    The People’s Republic of China has begun cleansing Shanghai of its dissidents and human rights activists in preparation of the official opening of the Shanghai World Expo, scheduled for 1 May. Some undesirables are arrested; others are sent to láojiào (re-education-through-labour) camps; those from neighbouring provinces are “invited” not to come for the Expo.

    24/07/2012 CHINA
    The battle for democracy in China is changing gear
    A group of Chinese lawyers asks the regime to shed light on the death of Li Wangyang and to end the suspicious deaths in custody, the blind dissident Li Guizhi is helped to escape and hid from government repression, activists in Hong Kong are increasingly asking Beijing for democracy and human rights. The communist regime reacts the same way: forced labour and summary arrests. But while dialogue with the United States seems at a standstill, the movement inside the China appears increasingly determined.

    08/10/2009 CHINA
    Hu thanks the police as rate of death by torture grows in prisons
    The Chinese president praises the "outstanding contribution" of law enforcement for October 1 celebrations. An 60 year old was killed under interrogation. Deprived of food, water and sleep, with 90 lighted cigarettes stuffed in his nostrils. Activists and petitioners die from "suicide" or "bad heart" conditions. Prohibited autopsies.



    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    Vatican silence over Shanghai’s Mgr Ma Daqin causing confusion and controversy

    Bernardo Cervellera

    For some, Mgr Ma’s blog post praising the Patriotic Association and acknowledging his mistakes is nothing but “dirt”. For others, he chose humiliation for the “sake of his diocese”. Many wonder why the Holy See has remained silent about the article’s content and the bishop’s persecution. Some suspect the Vatican views the episode in positive terms. Yet, the Ma Daqin affair raises a major question. Has Benedict XVI’s Letter to Chinese Catholics (which describes the Patriotic Association as “incompatible with Catholic doctrine”) been abolished? If it has, who did it? A journey of compromises without truth is full of risks.


    CHINA – VATICAN
    Mgr Ma Daqin: the text of his “confession”

    Mons. Taddeo Ma Daqin

    Four years after quitting the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, the bishop of Shanghai “admits” his faults on his blog, praising the organisation that controls the Church. We publish his article, almost in its entirety. Translation by AsiaNews.


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