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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 03/22/2011, 00.00

    MYANMAR

    Burmese junta bans Skype and VoIP



    These applications are illegal under existing legislation. If enforced, ban would reduce cybercafés’ business by 30 to 40 per cent. With SIM cards costing about US$ 1,700, the Internet has become a cheap way for migrants to keep in touch with families back home. For the authorities, censorship is necessary to prevent unrest.
    Yangon (AsiaNews) – Burma’s military junta has targeted the Internet again. In an attempt to limit access to the net and further maintain their stranglehold on communications, Myanmar’s ruling generals ordered all public and private Internet cafés to stop overseas communication through VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) calls, deeming them illegal under existing legislation.

    “The increasing use of the VoIP overseas calls via Internet services such as Skype, G [Google] Talk, Pfingo, VZO, etc. given by PACs [Public Access Centers] and cyber cafés have caused official overseas calls through the [junta's] communication services to decline, affecting state revenue,” read the official statement issued on 2 March by Tint Lwin, managing director of the Myanmar Posts and Telecommunication (MPT).

    Internet phone is a scarce resource in Myanmar, where a SIM card for mobile phones, provided by a state monopoly, can cost a whopping 1,500,000 kyat (almost ,700), a price that has in fact doubled on the black market due to the extreme limitations imposed on mobile phone ownership.

    On top of a very high-priced card, phone services are especially expensive for a nation with one of the lowest annual per capita incomes in the world, just above a thousand dollars per person. If Americans had to pay the equivalent of what the Burmese pay, they would have to spend US$ 74,000 for a mobile phone with an average annual income of US$ 47,000.

    For Burmese emigrants, Internet is especially important—it is their main tool to keep in touch with family back home after fleeing poverty and dictatorship. Even though technology and infrastructures are underdeveloped in Burma, web phone services are one of the main communication tools used by ordinary Burmese, at least in the big cities like Yangon. Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi relies on the Internet and Skype as well.

    Cybercafé owners have not yet received any official instructions on the matter. However, if they had to cut services, they would lose 30 to 40 per cent of their business “because people here use VoIP calls increasingly due to the cheap cost which is more affordable then the government-run overseas call service,” The Irrawaddy newspaper reported one owner as saying.

    To compensate losses incurred by the state monopoly, the junta has cut the price of a SIM card, which can now be bought for US$ 560.

    However, the real reasons behind the crackdown are the junta’s concerns that software applications like Skype are harder to monitor and control compared to regular calls over mobile phones.

    News from foreign sources about Mideast unrest and the Jasmine Revolution have reached Myanmar, pushing the military government to increase censorship.

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    See also

    24/09/2008 MYANMAR
    "Superficial" concessions from Burmese junta to appease UN
    Yesterday, the military junta released Win Tin, a dissident journalist imprisoned for more than 20 years. 9,002 prisoners were freed, but only seven of those imprisoned for thought crimes. Censorship remains in place for the internet and international telephone calls.

    13/09/2008 MYANMAR
    Explosion northeast of Yangon, two dead, ten wounded
    The attack struck a public building in a town 160 kilometers from the capital, in an area marked by conflict between the army and guerrillas. The Burmese junta has granted a few of the requests made by Aung San Suu Kyi, who will be allowed to receive letters from her relatives, and to read international news magazines.

    03/07/2006 MYANMAR
    Junta blocks Google and GMail
    Burmese internet users slam Myanmar's military government for blocking free e-mails and internet messenger programmes like Google Talk and Gmail. Junta is amongst the worse offenders when it comes to internet censorship.

    22/10/2008 MYANMAR
    Burmese dissident Zarganar honored for pro-democracy struggle
    The activist has received a highly sought-after recognition from the Canadian section of PEN International, an association that works for freedom of the press. The International Women’s Media Foundation, meanwhile, is honoring a Burmese journalist who for twenty years has been denouncing the misdeeds of the reigning junta.

    10/11/2008 MYANMAR
    Burmese blogger sentenced to 20 years for "mocking" General Than Shwe
    According to the accusation, Nay Phone Latt offended the leader of the junta. He was a valuable source of information during the weeks of oppression against the protagonists of the "saffron revolution," in September of 2007. A poet has also been sentenced to two years in prison.



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