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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 04/11/2012, 00.00

    EGYPT

    Egyptian court thwarts Islamism in constituent assembly



    Unconstitutional body does not represent the Egyptian people. For the spokesman of the Catholic Church in Egypt, the ruling is a sign of hope for Egypt's justice system in a deadlocked country. Next June's presidential elections are in jeopardy.

    Cairo (AsiaNews) - "The suspension of the constituent assembly is an attempt to hold in check the excessive power of Islamist parties. It is also a sign of hope for justice in our country," said Fr Rafik Greiche, spokesman for the Egyptian Catholic Church as he spoke about the decision by an administrative court to block the proceedings of the assembly. In its ruling, the court decided that the Islamist-dominated body was unconstitutional and lacked the legitimacy to draft the country's new constitution.

    The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) yesterday accepted the court's decision, stressing that the assembly was not representative of the Egyptian people.

    Christians, al Azhar and pro-democracy parties are concerned that the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists are doing everything they can to turn Egypt into an Islamic state.

    For security reasons, the court has not yet made public the reasons for its ruling, which was triggered by complaints filed by Liberal parties and women's groups. Radical parties took advantage of Article 60 of the constitutional declaration. The latter defines the powers of the constituent assembly but not the criteria to nominate its members, Fr Greiche explained.

    With a 70 per cent majority in parliament, Islamists took 48 of the 100 seats available, making any challenge impossible. They also limited representation from groups outside of party politics, like al Azhar University and the Coptic Orthodox Church, who pulled out their representatives to protest the Islamist power. For their part, the Catholic Church and other groups were simply excluded altogether from the assembly.

    "Egypt is in a new deadlock," Fr Greiche said. "Today, SCAF announced a new decree to define the criteria by which constituent assembly members will be selected. But so far, no one knows how to act. This threatens upcoming presidential elections in June."

    At present, a bill that would bar members of the former Mubarak regime is under discussion. However, Mubarak's former vice president, Omar Suleiman, has taken everyone by surprise and announced that he is running. "He is a shadowy figure and is disliked by the people," the priest said.

    Under the old regime, Suleiman ran the secret services. In recent days, he threatened his detractors by saying that he had secret papers that could compromise the reputation of his main adversaries, like Khairat el-Shater, who is running for the Muslim Brotherhood.

    Fr Greiche noted that the main candidates represent parties connected to the armed forces or extremist movements. Liberal parties still have to pick a candidate to represent their coalition.

    Candidates have until 27 April to submit their names. Amr Moussa, a former secretary general of the Arab League, could run for pro-democracy forces. (S.C.)

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    See also

    02/12/2013 EGYPT
    Egypt's new constitution protects religious freedom, but gives too much power to the military
    Released yesterday, the draft proposal ostensibly respects human rights, freedom of religion and freedom of worship. Quotas will be set for Christians, women, the disabled and other groups, but no percentage is given. Controversy surrounds the excessive powers given to the army and the interim government. Fr Greich Rafiq, spokesman for the Catholic Church, wonders whether the new constitution was "drafted in order to please everyone, or will it be used as an effective legislative tool that can change the country."

    29/11/2013 EGYPT
    Secular activists against Egypt's new "authoritarian" law on demonstrations
    The controversial law on "unauthorised" protests claims its first victim. Alaa Abdul Fattah, a leading figure in the demonstrations against Mubarak and the Islamists, is arrested. In the Constituent Assembly, Christian Churches and al-Azhar win the battle against Salafis over Sharia.

    13/06/2012 EGYPT
    New 100-member constituent assembly announced
    The first assembly was dissolved on 10 April because it was under too much Islamist influence (Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis). The new assembly will have only 39 parliamentarians compared to 60 in the previous one. Delegates from al-Azhar and Christian denominations will also be present. The first session is set for the end of the week.

    02/04/2012 EGYPT
    Al-Azhar and Copts against Egypt's Islamisation
    Both pull their representatives from the constituent assembly dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists. A spokesman for the Catholic Church warns that Islamist parties have adopted phony moderate positions. The Brotherhood's party, Freedom and Justice, announces the name of its candidate for the presidential election.

    29/11/2012 EGYPT
    Blitz of the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists: Sharia is the main source of law
    Art. 2 of the new constitution voted in record time, it subordinates the law to the exact dictates of the dictates of the Koran. The House voted despite the boycott of the liberal parties, the Coptic Orthodox Church and other realities of civil society. The session was attended by only 85 members out of 100.



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