Beirut (AsiaNews) - I am somewhat
angered by the Western press, American and European, which defines Morsi as
"the first democratically elected Egyptian president." Some have even
called him "the new Nelson Mandela", which is beyond farcical.
Morsi, the first "democratically elected
president of Egypt "!
Officialy speaking, all the
Egyptian presidents were elected "democratically": Nasser, Sadat,
Mubarak, with percentages of 80 - 90%. But only if we analyze what actually
happened, can we understand the reasons that led to Morsi's fall, despite his
being "democratically elected".
Firstly, the people of the
revolution are the younger generation.
After a few months - originally they opposed to the Arab Spring - the
Muslim Brotherhood entered the scene. And since they are the most organized
group in the country - a very authoritarian and capillary group copied on the
Soviet system - when elections were held, they won.
But they also won because there
was no organized opposition: the young people were too inexperienced; tried and
tested politicians were excluded because part of the old regime of Mubarak.
Added to this is the fact that the Egyptian population, 40% illiterate, voted
in a general way for those who supported Islam and their religion.
We also know that hundreds of
millions of dollars was pumped into Egypt by Qatar to pay the imams to allow
the Muslim Brotherhood preach in their place in the mosques, it was a form of
campaigning. Their preaching vaguely spoke of a new Egypt, without corruption,
a religious nation. They found an easy target in a people not at all accustomed
to democracy. And even with this campaign's highly efficient means, the Muslim
Brotherhood only took 51% of the vote.
But democracy means
"people's power". When the young people launched a campaign to
collect signatures against Morsi, they exceeded 22 million documented
signatures. And by June 30, 30 million were demanding Morsi's resignation. Is
this not the power of the people? Is this not democracy?
Then there is the military. Until
June 30, the military never intervened. This in itself is quite amazing: if we
look at Egypt's recent history then we have to admit that the army has always
been present, influencing elections, the economy, etc. ..
I would like to point out two
important things. First, during the revolution in Tahrir Square, the army
always defended the population and can many photos still be seen today where
the youth of Tahrir Square are hand in hand with the soldiers.
Second, the military has gained
nothing from its intervention in the ouster of Morsi. It is nothing like the
days of Nasser, Sadat or Mubarak in which the military took power. This a
government of lay people was installed and the military became the guarantors
of order. Obviously, General Al-Sissi was appointed defense minister, but the
president is a well-known Egyptian magistrate, Prof. Adli Mansur, who graduated
in Egypt, Spain and France. In further proof of his professional capacity, on
May 19 last Mohamed Morsi had appointed him President of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Egypt!
What has the military gained? In
the last few days it has gained nothing other than a hundred deaths. It has not
taken over power. The military has always wanted to ensure that it is
represented in the new government, and it even called for all parties to
present candidates for the interim government. But the pro-Morsi camp refused.
Even the Salafists - who are the more extreme than the Muslim Brotherhood -
accepted and are present in the government. But the Brothers have refused any
form of dialogue, forcing the army to provide security.
The European Union (with
President Manuel Barroso) and the United States (with President Barack Obama)
continue to say that the army must enter into dialogue with the Muslim
Brotherhood, that it should not exclude them, but it is the Muslim Brotherhood
who are blocking all dialogue and who reject collaboration, increasingly and
exclusively demanding the return of Morsi.
The army has abused its power,
but it is also true that the Muslim Brotherhood, many of them armed to the
teeth, have attacked soldiers, banks, government offices, individuals, not to
mention dozens of Christian churches and institutions.
The failure of the Muslim Brotherhood's
The military entered the fray to
support the people who asked for the removal of Morsi and the reason was clear:
the Muslim Brotherhood did little for the population. The people wanted them to
do something for the economy, to improve food prices, create jobs. Instead, the
new Brotherhood leadership did not do any of this.
In April, I was in Cairo and saw
miles of cars lining up to buy gasoline. The trucks arrived at the gas station the
night before in the hope that the next morning they could refuel and go to
work. And this lack of fuel was due to what? To the fact that a large part of
the fuel - some say up to 30% - is offered to the Palestinian Hamas in Gaza.
Traffic, already chaotic, has
worsened. The repeated demonstrations make traffic even heavier. The population
Under the Brotherhood, tourism,
the building block of the Egyptian economy, is dead or languishing, thanks to
all the moral rules imposed by the Muslim Brotherhood (veil for women, women /
men separation, insecurity, violence,
etc.).. In almost a year not even one new job was created.
The Brotherhoods' priority is their
religious ideology and restoration of the Caliphate
The Muslim Brotherhood's main
concern was ideological and social. For example, on taking office, their minister of culture immediately focused
on one thing: that women cover their heads on public television. He removed the
Director of Cairo Opera (perhaps because she was a woman) in spite of employees
protest, and criticized the fact that the dancers showed their legs in ballet!
The Minister of Education changed
school textbooks in use (in Egypt, there is an obligatory textbook for each
class and each subject), with texts that have a religious emphasis.
In addition, in the short period
of one month, the Muslim Brotherhood drew up a new constitution that
strengthened the elements of sharia, or Islamic law, then asked the population
to vote on it a week later. I tried to read this document on the internet, but
it was almost impossible for anyone who was not a lawyer, to understand the
subtleties ... How could the Egyptian people could vote on such a Constitution?
Even this was a farce!
Another sign that the Muslim
Brotherhood gave priority to themselves and to their power, is that they
appointed nine provincial governors, all from their own ranks.
They then made some diplomatic
agreements - teased from across the country - with Gaza, leaving a part of the
Sinai in the hands of smugglers, Islamist militants, terrorists. This led to
the killing of soldiers, policemen, and Christians. Before the Sinai was a very
quiet place. It is also said that they have made arrangements with Sudan to
give it a part of south-Egypt, Nubia. There is also talk of secret agreements
with Libya. ... And the people got tired.
In all this there is a project
that the Brotherhood has been nurturing for decades, that of the
"Restoration of the Caliphate", which should restore strength and
beauty to Islam!
According to Western observers,
the people should not have ousted Morsi, but waited for the next election to
"legally" remove him. This, apparently, is "true
democracy"! But it also would have put the country's social and economic
wellbeing in serious danger, so that by the next election the "people"
would have died of hunger!
The Islamist project
The attacks on so many Christian
churches and homes is also very significant, a sign of an Islamic ideological
project, not a national one at the service of the population.
The Muslim Brotherhood have an
Islamist project and this affects Christians. Each year, in Egypt, they attack
some churches, under various pretexts. This is part of the project of
Islamization of the country, because in order to restore a caliphate where all
the lands are Muslim. This project also includes the "reconquest" of
Spain or at least Andalucia! Egypt persists because it is not Islamic and
Christians are very attached to their land. We must not forget that the word
"Coptic" comes from "Egypti" the Copts are the original
local population, the real Egyptians.
The Islamization means trying to
colonize the country through laws that are more favorable to Muslims, but
Egyptian Christians resist. In fact, not only Christians resist, but the
majority of Muslims stand with them. We have seen as much in these days, where
Muslims joined hands and created a chain to defend the Coptic Orthodox
Cathedral in Cairo against any assault from the Brotherhood. Similarly, during
the Spring of early 2011, we saw Muslims and Christians holding aloft both the
Gospel and the Koran as a sign of their indissoluble union.
A West that dotes on the Muslim
What is really incomprehensible
is the esteem and respect that the West lavishes on the Muslim Brotherhood. In
the Middle East they are criticized everywhere. They were banned from politics
for so long in Egypt, by the various regimes. They are believed responsible for
the assassination of Anwar Sadat October 6, 1981, who despite being a
sympathizer of the Brotherhood, had the courage to make a historic speech in
the Knesset on November 20, 1977 and sign a peace agreement with Israel at Camp
David on 17 September 1978. And they killed him for it.
Even Al Azhar, which is the
official voice of the Sunni Islam world has turned against the Muslim
Brotherhood and has ruled against Morsi. Representatives of Al Azhar have
agreed to enter into the new transitional government, as have some Christians.
From here we see that Muslims and Christians are now united in their opposition
to the Muslim Brotherhood.
These can at most attract about
one million people to a protest, including wives and children, blocking
traffic. Christians and Muslims gather tens of millions of people, all in
peaceful demonstrations. And the Egyptian people took to the streets on June
30, were not fanatics.
This is why I cannot understand
the position the U.S. president, Barack Obama, who recently spoke against the
army, but he never said anything against the Muslim Brotherhood. I get the
impression that Obama does not know what to do. For those who really understand
the situation on the ground, his position makes no sense at all.
For me, the Egyptian army is
behaving normally in the correct way, although there have been excesses,
provoked by the obstinacy of the Brotherhood. The army has always been open to
the participation of the Muslim Brotherhood, on condition they use peaceful
means. But the Muslim Brotherhood continue to demand Morsi's return. If
Egyptians were asked today to vote for or against Morsi, the verdict would most
likely be against Morsi. The current project of the Muslim Brotherhood is only
to create chaos and ruin the country
Now we have to hope for early
presidential elections, open to all parties and factions of Egyptian society.
We need time to prepare these elections, which ideally would take place with
presence of United Nations and international observers ..
The ambiguous face of the Muslim
The Muslim Brotherhood has always
strived to appeared as moderate, and they are able to deceive those not
familiar with their history. At the time of Mubarak, at least 80 Muslim
Brotherhood were part of the parliament, but none of them in the name of the
party - which was outlawed - but thanks to their air of religious
respectability, as doctors or lawyers with a clear Islamic faith.
Even in the West esteem for them
prevails because - they say - they are moderate Muslims. But Islam is not only
a spiritual attitude, it is also political. And behind the Muslim Brotherhood
there is an anti-Westernism, anti-Israel, etc. ..
The Muslim Brotherhood make
overtures to help the people, distributing food and medicine to the poor during
Ramadan, offering free medical check-ups, etc.., But they have failed to create
I am struck by the fact that are
allies of Hamas and al Qaeda. Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the current leader of
al-Qaeda, who was born in Kafr ad Dawwar June 19, 1951, and raised in Maadi (a
middle-class neighborhood of Cairo), comes from a famous family (his maternal
uncle, Abd al-Rahman Azzam Pasha, was the first Secretary General of the Arab
League). At 14 he entered the ranks of the Muslim Brotherhood, and becomes a
follower of Sayyid Qutb, the most famous Muslim Brotherhood theoretician, who
was sentenced to death under Nasser, along with six other members of the
Brothers, August 29, 1966 and executed by hanging.
It is clear that the Brothers are
not to be identified with the terrorists. However, there is a tendency among
them to use all means possible, including violence, to achieve their ideal. We
saw as much last week in Cairo where some took to the streets against the army
with guns, while others stayed at home or in the mosque.
We should also mention here their
two faced statements of recent days: speaking to English language media they
depicted themselves as victims of democracy, emphasizing human rights, the army's
violence, the "coup", etc. ...instead to Arab media they spoke of the
struggle against the West, the positions to be taken of jihad to strengthen and
rebuild the caliphate.
In conclusion: finding a path to peace and democracy
In conclusion, I
should mention one point. Democracy is a word made up of two Greek words: demos
and kratos, meaning "people" and "power." Now, I ask
everyone: do the protests of the Egyptian people, that have involved tens of
millions of adult citizens, not represent the opinion of the people? If this is
not the voice of "democracy", then what is I wonder: in systematically
arranged elections? The Egyptian people have expressed their desire and will
very clearly, by taking peacefully to the streets. The army has supported this
desire, sometimes imperfectly, with the intention of protecting the people.
Our wish and our
hope (I speak in the name of Egyptian citizens) is that the West will help the
Egyptian people at this difficult time, to establish, peacefully and legally, a
government representative of the majority, without excluding minority voices.
It would be a positive step towards the true democracy that is so deeply desired!