17 September, 2014 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 10/22/2007
CHINA
Hu Jintao consolidates his power as 17th Party Congress ends
Fifth generation party leaders join the politburo. Hu’s party line comes out strengthened in Central Committee—the Shanghai Clique and other factions maintain their power. Religion is cited in an amendment to the constitution.

Beijing (AsiaNews) – The new politburo, which will lead China over the next five years, was presented today amidst the applause of party congress delegates and the media. The composition of the all-powerful nine-member Standing Committee of the Politburo as well as that of the 204 full-member (with 167 alternate member) Central Committee indicates that Hu loyalists are dominant but do not yet in total control of those bodies.

The new politburo now includes two rising stars: Communist Party (CPC) Liaoning Province Committee Secretary and Hu loyalist Li Keqiang, 52, and the new CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary Xi Jinping, 54. Both belong to the CPC’s fifth generation and are likely to be the leading contenders for the top leadership when Hu, who was re-elected party secretary general till 2012, retires.

The other two new Politburo Standing Committee members are He Guoqiang, the top party official in charge of the fight against corruption, and Zhou Yongkang, minister of public security. They replace on grounds of age Vice President Zeng Qinghong, Luo Gan and Wu Guanzhen. Another position was left vacant during the summer when Huang Ju died.

Wen Jiabao, Wu Bangguo (chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress), Jia Qinglin (chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference.) and Li Changchun (head of propaganda) were re-elected.

The other three are still thought to be close to former President Jiang Zemin’s “Shanghai Clique.”

The presence of Jia Qinling, a Jiang’s protégé involved in major economic scandals, shows the limits of Hu Jintao’s power and the constraints on his fight against corruption.

Jia, 67, could have been retired given his age, which is what happened to Zeng (another Jiang protégé), but the fact that he is staying on shows that Hu will have to share power and carefully take into account other views.

Equally significant, whilst Hu successfully got the congress to change the constitution to include his concept of ‘Scientific Development,’ which purports to find a balance between economic growth, agricultural development and environmental protection,  he failed to get delegates to adopt his concept of ‘Harmonious Society,’ whereby generated wealth would be redistributed in favour of the poorer segments of society.

Despite such shortcomings, the fact that at least one of his ideas were incorporated into the constitution shows that during his five-year tenure as general secretary he has risen to the level of a Mao, a Deng or a Jiang.

Hu loyalists in fact now represent more than 50 per cent of the membership in the Central Committee. And of the 204 Central Committee members voted in yesterday, about 30 per cent were born after 1950, moving up the ladder starting in the Communist Youth League.

A delegate revealed that 221 candidates competed for those 204 spots, an electoral margin of 7.7 per cent, up from about 5 per cent in the previous congress, but far short from what many demanded.

The Central Committee permanent membership includes army generals, business people and bank residents as well as 13 women (24 alternate members).

For the first time in the history of the CPC, religion is mentioned in the amended constitution “to strengthen [. . .] the work related to ethnic and religious affairs.” But it is unclear whether that represents a change in party policy or not.

News about the congress have been largely received with indifference by the population at large because it will not change anything.

An elderly man who tried to hand in a petition to congress members was arrested.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
10/14/2011 CHINA
Economy and Maoist slogans at the CP Central Committee
09/16/2009 CHINA
The secrets of the party plenum or who will succeed Hu Jintao
by Wang Zhicheng
10/11/2006 CHINA
Central Committee's plenum ends with 15 years worth of pledges
08/31/2007 CHINA
Five new ministers bring new blood to cabinet
09/18/2004 china
Is Jiang Zemin stepping down?

Editor's choices
IRAQ-VATICAN
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul": Archbishops’ thanks as first aid arrives
by Amel NonaMsgr. Amel Nona, the Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee himself, thanks all the donors to the AsiaNews campaign. The situation is increasingly difficult given the huge number of refugees and the arrival of winter and snow, making outdoor shelters and tents impossible. The crisis, an occasion that activates the faith of Christians.
ITALY - IRAQ
After raising € 350,000, 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraDonations raised up to 31 August have been sent to the patriarch of Baghdad and the bishops of Kurdistan. The campaign helps to feed, house, clothe, and bring comfort to more than 150,000 Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shia and Sunni refugees who fled the violence of the army of the Islamic Caliphate. People in Italy and around the world have been generous, including the poor and the unemployed, a sign of hope for the world as well as those who suffer and those who give.
IRAQ-ITALY
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul," the thanks of the Patriarch Louis Sako; the concerns of the Bishop of Kurdistan
by Bernardo CervelleraThe head of the Chaldean Church is grateful for the AsiaNews campaign and hopes that "this chain of solidarity will reach far and wide”. Helping refugees to remain in Iraq. But many want to flee abroad. The bishop of Amadiyah where thousands of displaced people have found haven in churches and homes: We also help the Arabs (Muslims), and Yazidis, for free and without looking at our confessional differences.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
by Lazzarotto Angelo S.
pp. 528
by Bernardo Cervellera
pp. 240
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.