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  • » 03/22/2007, 00.00

    CHINA

    Illegal land-grabs up



    Nearly 100,000 hectares of farmland was expropriated last year, 76 per cent more than in the previous year. The central government appears impotent against abuses by local officials and business people.

    Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – The number of illegal land-grab cases on the mainland rose 17.3 per cent last year to 131,000, this according to a statement by the Ministry of Land and Resources that was released on its website. The acknowledgement comes a few days after the National People’s Congress, concerned by rising social unrest caused by illegal land seizures, passed a law protecting private property.

    The ministry reported that the cases involved nearly 100,000 hectares of land, up 76 per cent over 2005, with 43,000 hectares of farmland affected.

    It noted that 3,593 people were punished, with two provincial officials subjected to party disciplinary measures, demonstrating that “the government has strengthened the crackdown on illegal activities in the field of land management,” Zhang Xinbao, the director of the ministry's Law Enforcement and Supervision Bureau, was quoted as saying in the People's Daily. But Zhang admitted that the substantial increase in cases showed the problem was rebounding.

    China’s economic growth is pushing business people and party officials to seize land for industrial and real estate development at the expense of farmers and disregarding their rights. Too often, they get little or no compensation and are left with no way to make a living.

    The net result is that land disputes are the main cause of clashes and unrest against local government and police.

    At the recently concluded session of the National People's Congress, delegates passed a property law to protect farmers' rights and strictly control the conversion of farm land for residential and industrial development.

    But experts warn the problem will persist so long as long government officials can find ways to go around the law.

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    See also

    28/12/2011 CHINA
    Wen Jiabao against seizures, Ni Yulan goes to trial
    China’s premier defends farmers’ right to a fair compensation for seized land. However, Ni Yulan, who defended Beijing residents against pre-Olympic land grabs, could be jailed for “creating a disturbance”. After spending time in prison where she was beaten, she is now disabled and homeless following the demolition of her home.

    27/12/2005 CHINA
    Law against "forced demolitions" in the pipeline

    After a long series of popular protests, Beijing is studying a law which "better" defends citizens' rights and admits: "In some cases, the rights of the population have been infringed".



    02/03/2010 CHINA
    New laws on state secrecy and military power in case of crises
    The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress approves new legislation. Few changes are envisaged. Civilian and military authorities see their powers strengthened. Beijing is hard pressed to control rising social unrest.

    14/03/2004 china - npc
    Amendments on private property and human rights accepted

    The Communist Party remains the ruling party



    09/03/2007 CHINA
    Npc: in the end China opts for private property
    Despite attempts by radical communists to obstruct it; the property law defending private investments, houses and lands has been presented. But the problem of overseeing its application remains. The Church also awaits the restitution of its rightful properties.



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