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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato

    » 02/27/2014, 00.00


    Jihadist group imposes rules of submission on Raqqa Christians

    Paul Dakiki

    Payment of "protection” fee, ban on Christian signs and restoration of churches and monasteries. The group "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant" accused by other Damascus opponents of playing into the hands of Assad. An ultimatum of five days.

    Beirut ( AsiaNews) - A jihadist group linked to al -Qaeda has released a set of rules of submission for Christians of Raqqa. These include a protection fee, the order to practice their faith in the privacy of their homes and a ban on wearing any obvious sign of Christianity.

    The rules (termed "Agreement") were drawn up and are being imposed by members of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a group linked to al- Qaeda in Iraq and which aims to create a single caliphate that spans the Middle East, North Africa, Andalusia and southern Italy, the ancient Arab and Islamic lands.

    Raqqa city in northern Syria had 300 thousand inhabitants before the start of the civil war in March 2011.  Of these, 1% was Christian. Now many people have fled and the city is in the hands ISIL, which released the text of the Agreement on jihadist websites.

    Under the threat of violence, Christians must pay a "jiziya", the ancient mandatory fee for non-Muslims.

    Rich Christians have to pay a sum equal to the value of 13 grams of pure gold (half an ounce), those of the middle class half of the sum, and the poor a quarter.

    Christians are banned from displaying crosses or symbols of their faith in areas frequented by Muslims and especially the market; they must not use loudspeakers for the call to prayer; they must perform their rituals behind closed doors in buildings of worship.

    The group also demands that Christians comply with the rule for modest dressing that is imposed on all inhabitants.

    Christians are forbidden to carry weapons and they are also forbidden to restore any of the churches or monasteries in the area that have been damaged. Those who does not adhere to these rules, will share in the destiny of those "people of war and rebellion", in short they will be killed .

    ISIL is part of the Islamist extremist fringe in opposition to Bashar Assad. Since January last a merciless war between secular and Islamist opposition groups has been ongoing, as well as among moderate and less moderate Islamists. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights , the clashes between the two camps have caused the death of at least 3300 people, of which 924 among the members of SIIL.

    Opponents are coalescing against ISIL, accused of "playing into the hands of Assad". Just yesterday, the Al- Nusra Front (Al Qaeda in Syria) launched a five-day ultimatum against ISIL to put an end to the internal conflict and appear before a religious court.

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    See also

    25/08/2014 SYRIA
    Syria, Islamic State win air base in battle causing hundreds of victim
    The jihadi militias have taken Taqba air base from Damascus, the last government stronghold in the province of Raqqa. More than 500 died in the battle. Gunfire and chants from the mosques hailed the Islamists victory in the city. Severed heads of Syrian soldiers on display in the main square to shouts of "Allah Akbar".

    07/10/2014 SYRIA
    As monk, parishioners are abducted in Syria, Gregory calls on the world to stop extremists
    Overnight on Sunday, jihadi militants seized Fr Hanna Jallouf and some of his parishioners from the village of Knayeh, northern Syria. For now, their fate remains unknown. Antioch patriarch tells AsiaNews that everyone faces the same threat, calls on Christians and Muslims to demonstrate against such violence.

    01/03/2014 SYRIA
    ISIL jihadists flee Raqqa
    In recent days, the group had imposed "rules of submission" to Islam on local Christians. The retreat was ordered by Nusra Front, which has threatened to oust its rivals "from Syria and even Iraq". Population takes to the streets in celebration.

    21/09/2013 SYRIA
    Franciscans at the forefront helping Christian and Muslim war victims
    Fr. Halim , a former provincial of the Custody of the Holy Land , tells AsiaNews about the situation of the increasingly endangered and persecuted Syrian Christians. The villages in rebel hands are forbidden to non-Muslims . The 11 Franciscans who have remained in Syria suffer along with the population and provide material and spiritual support regardless of faith .

    17/06/2013 SYRIA
    Massacres by Islamic extremists bolster Bashar al-Assad
    Ignored for months by Western media, massacres by Islamist brigades have appeared on pro-rebel media with reports on summary executions, Islamic courts and the mass killing of Shias, justified in the name of the hatred against Assad. However, in al Qusair and Aleppo, residents have welcomed the return of the regular army.

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