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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 12/18/2009 09:25
CAMBODIA - UN
Khieu Samphan, chief of the Khmer Rouge, accused of genocide
According to the United Nations international court he is responsible for the massacre of Vietnamese and Muslim Cham minority. Along with Ieng Sary and Nuon Chea he must answer for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The trial will begin in 2011.

Phnom Penh (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The UN international tribunal has indicted Khieu Samphan, former head of state during the dictatorship of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge, for genocide. Another two leading figures of the regime face the same charge: Ieng Sary, 83, and former Foreign Minister and Nuon Chea, 82, an ideologue of the regime and known as "brother number 2". Pol Pot, the murderous dictator known as "brother number 1," died on April 15, 1998, without ever having responded to the atrocities committed.

Lars Olsen, spokesman for the tribunal, said Khieu Samphan, 78, was "brought before the Court and informed of the charges against him" which also include charges of genocide against the Vietnamese people and [the Muslim minority] Cham.  

Earlier Khieu Samphan (pictured), Ieng Sary and Nuon Chea had been accused of "war crimes" and "crimes against humanity." They have already been placed under custody, the beginning of the process is planned for 2011.

The former Khmer Rouge head of state has never denied the deaths that occurred under the regime. But, according to defensive line agreed with counsel, he insists that because of the office he held he is not "directly" responsible for the massacres. Samphan's lawyer is Jacques Verges, 83, who previously pleaded the case of Nazi war criminals like Klaus Barbie. Both have known eachother since the 1950s, during the beginnings of the left-wing youth movements in France.  

Last month the United Nations court requested 40 years in prison for Kaing Guek Eav, better known as Comrade Duch, head of the notorious S-21 prison, responsible for the deaths of more than 17 thousand Cambodians between 1975 and 1979.

He is the only Khmer Rouge leader to have admitted responsibility for atrocities committed by the Pol Pot regime, which in four years of brutal dictatorship wiped out nearly two million people. Having converted to Christianity, he has asked the forgiveness of the victims and their relatives for the crimes committed. The ruling is expected in the first weeks of 2010.


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See also
03/02/2009 CAMBODIA
Hun Sen could testify at trial of Khmer Rouge
02/13/2009 CAMBODIA
Cambodia puts Khmer Rouge on trial. First defendant is "Comrade Duch"
06/30/2008 CAMBODIA
Khmer Rouge leader denies accusations, calls to be set free because of "lack of proof"
11/12/2007 CAMBODIA
Ieng Sary, ex Khmer Rouge leader arrested
09/19/2007 CAMBODIA
Nuon Chea, n. 2 of the Khmer Rouge arrested

Editor's choices
SYRIA
I will miss you Fr Frans, you inspired us all, says Syrian Jesuit
by Tony Homsy*A young priest from the Society of Jesus remembers the life and work of Fr Frans van der Lugt, who was killed in Homs after he refused to abandon residents beleaguered by hunger and war. "He gave and continues to give everything for the Church, Syria, and peace. His story and qualities made him an exceptional missionary and witness to the Gospel." Reprinted courtesy of 'The Jesuit Post'.
FRANCE - IRAQ
Chaldean Patriarch on the uncertain future of eastern Christians, a bridge between the West and Islam
by Mar Louis Raphael I SakoThe wars in Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan have made things worse for their peoples, especially minorities. As Western policies have been a failure, fundamentalism has grown with the Arab Spring losing out to extremism. Muslim authorities have a role in protecting rights and religious freedom. The presence of Christians in the Middle East is crucial for Muslims.
CHINA - EUROPEAN UNION
Xi Jinping returns home full of deals and silence
by Bernardo CervelleraThe Chinese president signed agreements worth tens of billions of Euros in France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium. He also stayed clear of any press conference. At the College of Europe in Bruges, he presented his dream of a new trillion-dollar Silk Road. Yet, he also made it clear that at home, the monopoly of power stays with the Party, squashing any dream for political reform in China. On the Internet, netizens disagree with him.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
by Lazzarotto Angelo S.
pp. 528
by Bernardo Cervellera
pp. 240
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