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» 01/14/2014
PAKISTAN - ISLAM
Pakistan "Islamizes" women: Head and face covered in obedience to men
by Shafique Khokhar
According to a recent study, 32% of the population is in favor of the niqab for women. Only 2 % want to be free of all head coverings. For the majority wives must obey the husband, and only 7 % believe that marriage should be based on love. Criticism of civil society, Muslim activist: women must be 'free to wear what they want".

Faisalabad ( AsiaNews) - Activists , civil society, Christian and Muslim leaders have repeatedly denounced a gradual " Islamization " of Pakistan in recent years, marked by terrorist attacks and attacks on schools, as well as threats against individuals involved in the struggle for human rights and civil liberties. A recent survey prepared by the Population Studies Center of the University of Michigan (United States), and based on the answers given by the citizens of diverse Muslim countries in the field of women's clothing, seems to confirm this trend. Citizens of the Asian nation believe women must cover their faces (or at least the head ), wearing the niqab or abaya , and only 2% of respondents ( 51 % of whom are men) believe that women can be seen in public with their faces and hair uncovered.

The university scholars conducted their research between 2011 and 2013, examining the inhabitants of seven different Muslim majority nations: Tunisia, Pakistan, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon , Saudi Arabia and Turkey. Starting from the question of how women should appear "in public" to be morally "appropriate" and consistent. Respondents were shown six different images that depicted a burqa , the niqab, three different forms of the veil (more or less adherent), and finally an uncovered woman's face.

Of the more than 3 thousand respondents in Pakistan , 32% chose the niqab; the abaya was the second choice with 31 % of the vote; only 3 % want the burqa; a meager 2 % no covering . In general, in the seven Muslim states picture showing a woman wearing a veil that leaves only the face uncovered prevailed. Only in Lebanon, the majority (about 50% ) opted for the woman with their hair and face uncovered .

In Pakistan, only 22 % believe that women can "dress as they see fit", while more than two thirds are in favor of precise directives in the field of clothing; finally , 92% of respondents felt that wives should "always" obey husbands and only 7 % believe that marriage should be based "on love".

The results have sparked criticism and comments from activists and members of civil society. Interviewed by AsiaNews, the leader of the Christian youth Aila Gil says that "women should be able to dress up as they wish. it's their fundamental right, we are living in a society dominated by men where women lack the freedom to make small choices even they have their dress dictated by men". The young pacifist leader and human rights advocate Yousaf Benjamin says new generations must " bring a change in mentality ," hoping at the same time for "a future based on human dignity and freedom."

The Muslim political activist Iftikhar Ahmed has some doubts about the quality of the investigation, because it is a "cornucopia of conservative thinking. The veil system in Islam has no roots at all. Women have full right to wear whatever they want so I  totally disagree these kind of surveys and conservative thinking". In contrast , the survey results are not surprising at all for feminist Nazia Sardar because they are a mirror "of the scenario that we have created over the past five decades." She hopes for the removal of all "discriminatory" laws and policies marking gender "differences" in society. "Such kind of study is the clear picture of the product which has been produced by the education where we feed the mind of a child from childhood that women are less than men and they must be controlled by men".

For Shazia George , on the other hand , people should cover their faces " only in places of worship", while the practice "should be discouraged in the open spaces and public places for security and anti- terrorism reasons".  These fears are also shared by activist Amina Zaman , according to whom "you can not know " who is behind a veil, it is "male or female" , and this practice would ultimately " encourage terrorism and provide a shield for supposed terrorists. "

 


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See also
07/14/2010 ISLAM-FRANCE
Muslims say the total veil ban violates human rights and religious freedom
06/18/2008 PAKISTAN
Pakistan, no government response to Taliban offensive
04/23/2010 INDIA - ISLAM
Islamic veil: urgent need to interpret the Koran to restore dignity to women
by Asghar Ali Engineer
04/22/2010 FRANCE – ISLAM
From Paris to Brussels, move to ban the burqa
07/26/2010 SAUDI ARABIA
Islamic scholars: if the veil is banned, Muslim women may uncover their face

Editor's choices
VATICAN
Pope: I am with the persecuted Christians of Mosul and the Middle East "May the God of peace inspire in all a genuine desire for dialogue and reconciliation. Violence is never defeated with violence. Violence is defeated with peace." At the Sunday Angelus Francis comments on the parable of the wheat and the weeds. God is "patient" He knows "the same weeds in the end, may become good wheat". But "at the time of the harvest, that is, of judgment, the reapers will execute the order of the master separating the weeds to be burned".
CHINA - VATICAN
Beijing, seminarians desert graduation ceremony: We will not celebrate Mass with illegitimate bishops The rector of the seminary is the illegitimate bishop Joseph Ma Yinglin: Students refuse to concelebrate with him and reject Msgr. Fang Xingyao, who has participated in several illegal episcopal ordinations. The directors close the year without awarding diplomas and send students home: rumors of some courses being "suspended" in September. The precedent of 2000, when 130 young students chose fidelity to the Pope over compromise with the government.
HONG KONG-CHINA-VATICAN
Card Zen: Religious freedom and civil liberties are united, for China and Hong Kong
by Bernardo CervelleraA wide ranging conversation with the bishop emeritus of Hong Kong: the courage of Msgr. Ma Daqin, who sent a message to Pope Francis; underground Catholics are also prepared to be arrested; suspicions about Beijing’s sincerity towards possible dialogue with the Holy See. And in Hong Kong, the march for a referendum on democracy; support for "Occupy Central"; the fear of the government and arrests. Card. Zen reaffirms that religious freedom and civil liberties go hand in hand.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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