» 12/21/2009, 00.00
VATICAN – ISRAEL
Pius XII, the Pope who opposed Hitler
Benedict XVI has recognised his heroic virtues. Until the 1960s, Jews praised the war-time Pontiff, and appreciated him for saving hundreds of thousands of Jews; then, things changed. The “dark legend” emerged, aided by the Communist nations.
Pope: faithful may have “Tridentine” Mass if they wish
With a motu propio, Benedict XVI established that the current norms for the celebration of Mass are for “ordinary” use, however the “extraordinary” use of the Missal of Pius V is possible too. A letter written to bishops across the world highlights the concern to rebuild the unity of the Church, broken by the traditionalists of Mgr Lefebvre.
Pope: Pius XII, true "authoritative source" of the Council
Speaking again of Pope Pacelli, Benedict XVI makes only a passing reference to the controversy over the figure of a man who "was an accomplished diplomat, an eminent jurist, an excellent theologian. All of this is true, but it doesn't explain everything. There was also in him the continual effort and firm will to give himself to God without reservation and without concern for his health."
Pius XII tried to stop the war, saved as many Jews as he could, anticipated the Council, Pope says
Fifty years after the death of Pope Pacelli, Benedict XVI prays that his cause for beatification may “continue smoothly”. He discusses his predecessor’s efforts to alleviate the many sorrows caused by the Second World War and looks at his great magisterial teachings in which he promoted missionary work and held up Mary, the Woman of Salvation, as a sign of hope for humanity, which then and now is without hope.
Pius X, the Pope of the Catechism and personal union with Christ
Benedict XVI dedicated today's audience to Pope Giuseppe Sarto, who gave his name to the catechism for children. A humble, simple personality, full of charity towards the needy. As pope who opened the field to reform of the Curia, the code of canon law, seminary formation, the liturgy. He urged the faithful to draw closer to the sacraments on a daily basis and lowered to 7 the age to receive Holy Communion. Groups from Sri Lanka present at audience.
The pope declares Pope Pius XII and John Paul II "venerable"
Benedict XVI recognizes the "heroic virtues" of the two popes, paving the way for their beatification. Also approved the martyrdom of the Polish priest Fr Popielusko and a miracle attributed to Mary McKillop (Australia).
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