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  • » 02/21/2011, 00.00

    CHINA

    Police hits the streets to stop non-existent protests



    Numerous calls for Mideast-styled protests in China appear online. Although they give no time to gather, police moves in to patrol streets. About 100 dissidents are also arrested. Mainland authorities fear the internet because millions of Chinese internet users can now get around censorship through private networks.

    Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Mainland authorities have rounded up dozens of activists and micro bloggers on Saturday and Sunday after calls appeared online, urging people in more than a dozen Chinese cities to take part today in demonstrations modelled after pro-democracy protests sweeping Arab countries. Beijing is especially concerned that Chinese net users might be able to bypass government censorship.

    Calls were posted online, urging people to take to the streets in 13 Chinese cities, including Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou to protest like in the Arab world. The calls were vague and did not provide any guidelines or timetables, but police were deployed quickly and massively in the capital as well as Harbin, Chengdu and Guangzhou.

    Yesterday, in Beijing and Shanghai (pictured), many people took to the streets, some making very general demands for food to eat. Acting rapidly, police dispersed crowds made up mostly of people curious about what was going on. Anyone who protested was taken away.

    According to the Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy, police detained about a hundred dissidents, including Tang Jitian, Teng Biao, Xu Zhiyong, Pu Zhiqiang and Jiang Tianyong, in the past two days in Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan and elsewhere. Nothing is known about their whereabouts.

    Zhou Yongkang, a leading Chinese Communist Party official responsible for maintaining law and order, urged senior officials to improve "social management" and "detect conflicts and problems early on”.

    However, many observers agree that no protest movement was actually launched. Still, police acted immediately as if something was actually happening. This shows how much the authorities fear popular unrest, but also how, despite tight censorship, internet controls are weak.

    For years, China has been able to block undesirable websites as well as social media like Twitter, YouTube and Facebook that it does not directly control, fearful that they might spread undesirable information or even be used to organise protests, like in Egypt.

    However, Chinese web users have found a way to go around the Great Firewall of China using virtual private network (VPNs) to reach blocked websites. For instance, Facebook, which has been blocked in China since 2009, has seen the number of users double in January to 700,000.

    VPNs allow anonymous online navigation by using “proxy servers” that do not show data. This means that censoring programmes can only tell their masters that someone has accessed a VPN but not what sites he or she has visited. Thus, censorship is defeated both upstream (with the authorities unable to find out who the user is) and downstream (blocking websites and contents).

    Fang Binxing, who created the Great Firewall, in an interview recently acknowledged that through VPNs it is possible to go around censorship and connect with sites blocked in China.

    David Gorodyansky, chief executive officer at AnchorFree Inc., said that his company saw 1.5 million people using its free VPN service in China in January, a 25 per cent increase from the previous month, especially for people getting onto Facebook and other social media sites. Nonetheless, he did concede that the system’s speed was a problem.

    In China, some 457 million people use the internet, a number that has put fear in the authorities.

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    See also

    27/05/2011 MIDDLE EAST
    G8 pledges economic aid to ‘Arab Spring’
    Summit participants promise about US$ 20 billion, mostly for Tunisia and Egypt. Aid should help the process of transition towards democracy. In the past, G8 members financed the now toppled dictatorships or made promises they did not fulfil. Participants condemn the violence in Syria and Bahrain and issue an ultimatum against Gaddafi.

    15/06/2011 MIDEAST – GREAT BRITAIN
    With Arab spring, Christians vulnerable to Muslim extremists, says Archbishop of Canterbury
    For Rowan Williams, Muslim extremists are filling the power vacuum left by the fallen dictators. In Egypt and Syria, Christians might suffer ethnic cleansing like in Iraq.

    24/02/2011 MIDDLE EAST
    The springtime of the Arab world
    There is no fundamentalism, or anti-Israeli ideology in the demonstrations in Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, etc .. It is a movement of young people spurred on by economic suffering and ideals such as democracy, equality, freedom, justice. The demonstrations are free of violence and hatred. Europe and the United States who have always supported dictators remaining blind to the needs of young people in these countries need to examine their conscience.

    28/01/2014 MIDDLE EAST
    Not Losing the Arab Awakening
    Arab scholar assesses developments in the Arab Spring in the countries of the Middle East and offers the West some suggestions as to how it can help their transition towards democracy and pluralism.

    27/08/2016 14:22:00 MIDDLE EAST
    Middle East wars and unrest lead to lower life expectancy

    Syria is particularly affected. War shaved off six years from men’s life expectancy (from 75 in 2010 to 69 in 2013), five from women’s (from 80 to 75). Millions of people have to face the consequences of water shortages and poor hygienic conditions. Non-communicable illnesses like diabetes or cardiovascular disease are up as well.





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