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    » 07/20/2012, 00.00

    ISLAM

    Ramadan begins for millions of Muslims



    The month of fasting only begins in some Arab countries like Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Egypt due to the different position of the crescent moon. In the coming days it will start around the world. The month commemorates the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad from Allah. The end of Ramadan is scheduled for August 20, with the feast of Eid al-Fitr.

    Dubai (AsiaNews) - Millions of Muslims in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, Kuwait, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria are beginning the holy month of Ramadan, that with his fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. In Oman, Iran, Syria and Iraq, Ramadan will begin tomorrow. The period is calculated based on the sighting of the first crescent moon in the night sky and this will vary from area to area.

    With Ramadan, Muslims commemorate Allah's revelation of the first verses of the Koran to Muhammad, by his sending the angel Gabriel. Every person who has passed the age of puberty and is mentally and physically healthy is obligated to fast. Tradition has it that the daily fast begins when you can distinguish a white thread from a black thread. In villages and cities it is announced by the muezzin call to prayer of 'Al Fajr (morning prayer). Fasting ends at sunset with the Al - Magrib (sunset prayer) which announces the iftar dinner to be shared with the whole family.

    Fasting is one of the crucial aspects of Ramadan and is one of the five pillars (duties) of Islam. Its establishment dates from the second year of '"hijra" (622 AD). The period corresponds to the flight of Mohammed from Mecca to the oasis of Yathrib renamed Medina (Madinat al Nabi, the city of the prophet), to escape the hostility of the tribes who saw the leader and his followers a threat to their interests. He instituted the fast among his followers to nourish their spirit and morale, thus reminding them of those who have nothing to eat. For this reason, during Ramadan, in addition to fasting and prayer, the people carry out acts of charity towards the poor and the sick.

    Those exempted from fasting are: people with psychological problems, children under the age of puberty, the elderly, the sick, travelers, pregnant women, nursing mothers, or women who have just begun the menstrual cycle. Whoever does not pray and fast still must carry out a daily act of charity towards the poor. As an exercise, many parents make their children observe a mini-fast (half day).

    During the holy month, many Muslims go to Mecca for Umrah. Alongside the Haji it is one of the pilgrimages prescribed by the Koran.

    The last ten days of Ramadan are the most important, during which the Layalat al-Qadr, the night of power, during which Allah revealed the Koran to Muhammad, is commemorated.

    The period ends with the feast of Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of fasting. For three days all the families organize banquets and feasts and exchange gifts.

     

     

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    See also

    06/06/2016 17:43:00 ISLAM
    Muslims celebrate the start of Ramadan, amid appeals for mercy and food warning

    Islam’s holy month of fasting and prayer begins today. King Saudi Salman Saudi mentions the "suffering" in the world because of "terrorism." In Amman Caritas’ restaurant of mercy provides free iftar meals. Chaldean Patriarch issues a message of peace and reconciliation to our "Muslim brothers and sisters". Doctors and nutritionist warn of obesity and eating disorders.



    28/07/2014 ISLAM
    Eid al-Fitr: Ramadan ends today (for Sunnis)
    For Shia Muslims, the festival of Eid begins tomorrow. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon (Sunnis) announce the end of Ramadan, which commemorates the period during which the Koran was revealed to Muhammad.

    17/02/2010 PHILIPPINES
    Lent: money saved by fasting to aid poor Filipinos
    The bishops urge the population to support during Lent the Hagap-Asa (Hope), to help more than 120 thousand poor children and their families. In 2008, three out of ten children have gone hungry. In some areas of the country's poverty rate reaches 30%.

    29/01/2008 VATICAN
    Pope: Lent, charity means giving oneself, not just giving "things"
    In his message for Lent, Benedict XVI writes that it is foreign to the Gospel perspective to do good deeds expecting a personal return, perhaps in terms of public image. The entire Gospel is summed up in the commandment of charity, and according to the example of Jesus, what gives value to all almsgiving is love, which inspires different forms of giving, according to the opportunities and conditions of each one.

    17/02/2016 12:02:00 INDONESIA
    Lent in Indonesia: Life only changes if we are influenced by God

    Many initiatives launched by the 37 dioceses in the country on Ash Wednesday. With the project "Development and fasting" the faithful donate surplus food and money in favor of those in need. Many dioceses launch prayer chains that will end in October. Renewal of family ministry: "The Christian home is the place of children’s education to charity."





    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    Vatican silence over Shanghai’s Mgr Ma Daqin causing confusion and controversy

    Bernardo Cervellera

    For some, Mgr Ma’s blog post praising the Patriotic Association and acknowledging his mistakes is nothing but “dirt”. For others, he chose humiliation for the “sake of his diocese”. Many wonder why the Holy See has remained silent about the article’s content and the bishop’s persecution. Some suspect the Vatican views the episode in positive terms. Yet, the Ma Daqin affair raises a major question. Has Benedict XVI’s Letter to Chinese Catholics (which describes the Patriotic Association as “incompatible with Catholic doctrine”) been abolished? If it has, who did it? A journey of compromises without truth is full of risks.


    CHINA – VATICAN
    Mgr Ma Daqin: the text of his “confession”

    Mons. Taddeo Ma Daqin

    Four years after quitting the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, the bishop of Shanghai “admits” his faults on his blog, praising the organisation that controls the Church. We publish his article, almost in its entirety. Translation by AsiaNews.


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