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    » 06/19/2012, 00.00

    PAKISTAN

    Supreme Court rules Gilani cannot be premier



    The decision could plunge the country in chaos. Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry did not simply impose a symbolic sentence as in April; instead, he threw the PM out of parliament. The cabinet and PPP leaders meet in an emergency meeting. Behind the executive-judiciary confrontation lurks the military.

    Islamabad (AsiaNews/Agencies) - In an unprecedented ruling, Pakistan's Supreme Court could throw Pakistan into a political and institutional turmoil. Pakistan's top court has in fact disqualified Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani from holding office, two months after convicting him of contempt of court for failing to pursue corruption charges against President Asif Ali Zardari. It is unclear whether the prime minister and the ruling Pakistan People's party (PPP) will fight to keep Gilani in office.

    The Supreme Court ruled that Gilani has "ceased to be the prime minister of Pakistan". In fact, "Since no appeal was filed" against the 26 April conviction, "Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani stands disqualified as a member of the Majlis-e-Shoora [parliament]," Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry said. "He has also ceased to be the prime minister of Pakistan [. . .] the Office of the Prime Minister stands vacant."

    Many however find the court's decision illegitimate because the prime minister is not accountable for his actions to the judges.

    Currently, the cabinet is holding an emergency meeting in the presence of Prime Minister Gilani, President Zardari, top cabinet ministers and PPP officials.

    The ruling party still has the numbers in the National Assembly to pick a successor and stay in power until the end of the current legislature next year.

    However, political uncertainty hangs over an atmosphere of open confrontation between branches of government, especially between the executive and the judiciary, behind which some see the country's real power broker, the military.

    The charges against President Zardari date back to the 1990s when his late wife Benazir Bhutto was prime minister. He was accused of using Swiss bank accounts to launder bribe money. Prime Minister Gilani refused to reopen the case, saying that to do so would be unconstitutional.

    President Zardari has always insisted the charges against him were politically motivated.

    Two months ago, the judges sentenced the prime minister to a symbolic jail term of a few minutes in the courtroom, even though he could have received up to six months and be banned from public office.

    Gilani is the first Pakistani prime minister to be convicted by a court of law.

    The confrontation between levels of government could overshadow the country's priorities: economic development, corruption, Islamic fundamentalism and education.

    The court's decision puts Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry back at the centre of Pakistan's turbulent political stage.

    A few years ago, Chaudhry had a major run-in with former President Pervez Musharraf. Since then he has worked behind the scenes in to gain more power and prestige.

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    See also

    20/06/2012 PAKISTAN
    Bishop of Islamabad: after the Gilani verdict, "unity" to overcome the political crisis
    Emergency meeting of the People's Party to choose a new prime minister. Zardari cancels his trip to Russia. Msgr. Rufin Anthony hopes for dialogue between the parties and recalls the country's priorities: education, food, water and fighting corruption. But in Parliament the first conflicts are already emerging. A Catholic politician: early elections.

    13/02/2012 PAKISTAN
    Supreme Court adjourns trial of Prime Minister Gilani for contempt
    The Prime Minister is accused of insulting the judiciary for not reopening an investigation file for corruption against President Zardari. He risks imprisonment and removal from public office if convicted. But the real danger is the clash between the powers of the state, executive, judicial and military.

    26/04/2012 PAKISTAN
    Supreme Court convicts Prime Minister Gilani to symbolic sentence
    The Prime Minister found guilty of failing to comply with the provisions of the judiciary, calling for the reopening of the investigation of President Zardari, at the center of a corruption scandal. Gilani given symbolic sentence of a few minutes custody in the courtroom. Now the battle moves from a legal footing in the political arena.

    16/03/2009 PAKISTAN
    The government reinstalls Iftikhar Chaudhry, the opposition calls off the “long march”
    The spread of chaos is avoided. Lawyers and opposition members celebrate. All those arrested over recent days are freed. Nawaz Sharif: Now we will implement real democracy.

    16/01/2012 PAKISTAN
    Power struggle in Islamabad as military and courts threaten the government
    Pakistan is going through an institutional crisis. The Supreme Court cites PM Gilani for contempt. The military are tempted by a coup against President Zardari, who is accused of corruption and suspected of asking US help after Bin Laden’s killing. Parliament is set for a confidence vote.



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