21 October, 2014 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 03/16/2004
Iraq
Survey shows hope for democracy in occupied Iraq

Rome (AsiaNews) – Iraqis are happier now than before the invasion of their country. They are optimistic about their futures and are against violence. These are just a few of the results of a survey conducted by BBC and published today on its website.

The survey was made in Feb. 2004 by Oxford Research International (ORI), interviewing 2652 Iraqi adults from 16 parts of the country. The answers people gave help form an image of Iraq which is not readily seen or read in the international mass media, which are more interested in showing strikes being made against occupational forces.  

About 70% of those surveyed said life is better or quite good now, while only 29% claim life now is bad. And 56% stated that things are going better than before the war; 70% say they have good prospects for the future, while 6.6% claim their hopes are gloomy.

When asked "What is the biggest problem they face today?", the most common responses were a lack of safety and stability (22.1%) and unemployment (11.8%) followed by inflation (9.5%), shortage of electricity (4.2%), homes (4.1%) and services like water and roads (3.7%). The problems reported on the front pages of newspapers (like terrorist attacks) worry only 1.8% of people surveyed while ethic-religious conflicts are cause for concern for only 0.2% of the population. 

Around half of those interviewed (49%) think that the Coalition invasion of Iraq was justified, while 39 % said it was wrong; 41.8% believe the war liberated Iraq while 41.2% say the country was humiliated.

Most Iraqis believe the country's government and people should lend special attention to security, economic recovery, reviving oil supplies, fostering education, rebuilding infrastructure and guaranteeing citizens a dignified level of life. At the same time when asked "Which country should play a part in its rebuilding process?", most people responded Japan  (35.9%), the United States (35.7% ), France ( 21.6%) and Great Britain (21.5%). 

Just 26% of people surveyed say that, reflecting the secular spirit permeating the county, religious leaders should guarantee religious ideals in society while 18% said it was the government's responsibility. 

However, religious leaders are those Iraqis trust the most (42.4%). Those they trust the least are the American and British occupational forces (4.28%). But only 17% consider violence toward Coalition forces to be "acceptable", while 78% said it was "not acceptable". Nearly all people surveyed (96.6%) said violent action directed at Iraqi police was unacceptable. 

In terms of trust given to Iraqi political leaders, people say they have a huge problem with those backed by the United States. Ahmed Chalabi, one of the most coveted leaders by the Coalition, is the politician least trusted by Iraqis. Saddam Hussein remains among the top six most respected leaders, even if only representing a minor percentage of public opinion (3.3%). In reality, due to a lack of an overall preference, results from the survey prove that Iraqis are still searching for a meaningful and strong leader. When asked, 49% say this is an absolute priority for them over the next 12 months. 

The second need is democracy (28%). To this end, most people said they prefer a single, united state (79%) under a democratic system of government(48.5%) with democratically elected politicians (55.3%). Only 20.5% said they wanted an Islamic state and 13.5% want religious leaders or clergy in politics.

Concerning the presence of Coalition forces, 15.1% said they would like them to abandon the country immediately while 35% want them to stay until an Iraqi government is in place; 18.3% say they want them to stay until the country proves safe.

e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
12/10/2003 IRAQ
"I hope the United States and their allies don't leave Iraq"
by Lorenzo Fazzini
02/25/2004 Iraq
Anglican Church brings Sunnis and Shiites closer together
02/14/2005 IRAQ
Sunnis are already involved in the political life of Iraq, says Kurdish leader
05/17/2004 iraq
Head of Governing Council killed in car bombing
04/08/2004 iraq
Shiite leader says Imam Muqtada Al-Sadr does not represent "all of us"
by Pierre Balanian
iraq
Saving Baghdad's revival from blind European pacifism
Iraq
World Bank predicts Iraq will lead world in economic growth
Iraq
Signing of temporary constitution considered an "historic moment"
iraq
Kirkuk pipeline ready, but doesn't open

Editor's choices
IRAQ - ITALY
Almost 700,000 euros raised as the 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraA second instalment is sent with funds raised in September. The fate of East-West relations is being played out in the Middle East and Iraq. Pope Francis and the Synod issue an appeal. Governments are lukewarm. Aid is coming from around the world. A new international community is defeating the "globalisation of indifference."
IRAQ-VATICAN
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul": Archbishops’ thanks as first aid arrives
by Amel NonaMsgr. Amel Nona, the Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee himself, thanks all the donors to the AsiaNews campaign. The situation is increasingly difficult given the huge number of refugees and the arrival of winter and snow, making outdoor shelters and tents impossible. The crisis, an occasion that activates the faith of Christians.
ITALY - IRAQ
After raising € 350,000, 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraDonations raised up to 31 August have been sent to the patriarch of Baghdad and the bishops of Kurdistan. The campaign helps to feed, house, clothe, and bring comfort to more than 150,000 Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shia and Sunni refugees who fled the violence of the army of the Islamic Caliphate. People in Italy and around the world have been generous, including the poor and the unemployed, a sign of hope for the world as well as those who suffer and those who give.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.