» 01/18/2012, 00.00
Syria: rebels and regime agree to cease-fire in Zabadani. Obama: Assad must leave
A truce was agreed with the leaders of the city, near the border with Lebanon, the center of resistance to the regime. The 22 observers of the Arab League deliver their report. Damascus is open to a one-month extension of the mission. Obama meets with Abdullah of Jordan and asks the Syrian president to step aside.
Damascus (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The Syrian troops fighting rebels in the city of Zabadani, near the border with Lebanon, have apparently negotiated a ceasefire. Under the terms of the agreement, the army will withdraw and abandon the streets. The news comes from an opposition source, Kamal al-Labwani. "The bombing of the tanks has stopped. From the Zabadani minarets muezzins are informing people of the Agreement. I believe that the specific resistance and defections have forced the regime to negotiate. We'll see if the agreement will hold. The withdrawal should begin tomorrow, "he said. The Syrian authorities have not commented, and official media have not reported the news of the fighting. Zabadani is a city of 40 thousand inhabitants in Crich 30 km northwest of Damascus, and is one of the strongholds against the regime. The army attack began Friday, 30 soldiers have died. The cease-fire was negotiated between the leaders of the city and the Deputy Defense Minister Assef Shawkat, brother of Bashar al-Assad.
Damascus is ready to allow observers from the Arab League to continue their mission beyond this week. Meanwhile U.S. President Barack Obama said he wanted to increase international pressure on President Bashar al-Assad to step down. "Unfortunately we're continuing to see unacceptable levels of violence inside that country. We will continue to consult very closely with Jordan to create the kind of international pressure and environment that encourages the current Syrian regime to step aside, "Obama said after a meeting with Jordan's King Abdullah in Washington.
On Sunday, the Arab League must decide whether to withdraw its 165 observers in Syria, or to continue the mission. Damascus has agreed to a one month extension to the deadline, and an increase in their numbers, but refuses to extend the range of their activities. The observers will present their report on 22 January, which is expected to say that Damascus has not fully implemented the peace plan proposed by the League. The sheikh of Qatar has proposed in recent days that a military force intervene in Syria to stop the violence. The Syrian Foreign Ministry said yesterday it was "stunned" by the suggestion, which it "absolutely refused".
The Arab League could ask the UN Security Council to intervene, but so far Russia and China have prevented any action against Damascus. It is discussing a draft resolution tabled by Russia in recent days, without much progress. Western countries do not accept the Russian proposal which lays the blame equally with the regime and the opposition for the violence in the country. U.S., France and Germany have said that the text is unacceptable. Four hours of discussion yesterday failed to bridge the gap. Meanwhile, Turkey claims that a Russian ship, the "Chariot" containing tons of "hazardous cargo", ie weapons, bound for Syria, has left the Cypriot port of Limassol for Turkey. But in the meantime it has vanished from the radar, and is suspected to have docked at the Syrian port of Tartus to unload the contents of its holds.
China and Russia block a draft UN condemnation of Syria
The Security Council voted on a draft of a European resolution against internal repression by Damascus. Nine in favour and four abstentions, but the veto of China and Russia blocks the project. Moscow: "unacceptable" because it does not exclude recourse to a foreign military intervention. United States: "outraged".
17/03/2012 SYRIA - UN
Bombing in Damascus kills civilians and security forces
The two car bombs exploded outside a police headquarters and a center of aviation. Yesterday from Geneva Kofi Annan held a videoconference with the UN Security Council. So far the answers to his Syrian mediation are "disappointing". Annan hopes to involve all the Security Council in an attempt to pacify the country by stopping the violence on both sides - the army and rebels - and creating a process of democratization in Syria.
West and the Arab League to press Moscow for a UN resolution that will stop Assad
The Security Council could deal with the Syrian crisis Thursday or Friday. An Arab-European draft resolution faces Russia's veto threat. The violence continue: yesterday a hundred deaths, especially in the province of Homs.
As fighting rages in Damascus, concerns grow over Syria's chemical weapons stockpile
Fears are that al-Qaeda might get its hands on the weapons if the regime collapses. Rebels announce attack on state TV headquarters. Reports say Assad and his wife have already left the capital. Today's UN Security Council is not expected to take tangible steps.
Kofi Annan's mission may be the "last chance" to avoid civil war in Syria, Medvedev says
Russian president backs former UN general secretary's plan, but does not say how it can be implemented. US president and Turkish prime minister talk about providing "non-lethal" aid to Syrian rebels. Human Rights Watch accuses Syrian forces of using human shields in front of soldiers and tanks.
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The persecution of Catholics during the Cultural Revolution
The documentation of that violent period was burned or buried in archives. Only a few survivors speak. The persecutors are silent in fear. The burning of religious objects and furnishings in Hebei. Bishops humiliated and arrested in Henan; nuns beaten with sticks and killed, or buried alive. A persecution that "is not over yet"; Today it is perhaps only more subtle.
Silence shrouds 50th anniversary of Cultural Revolution in China and in the West
The bloody campaign launched by Mao Zedong killed nearly 2 million people and sent a further 4 million to concentration camps. Every Chinese has been marked by fear. But today, no memorial service has been planned and no newspaper article has appeared. The Party’s internal struggles and Xi Jinping’s fear of ending up like the USSR. Even today, as then, there are those in Europe who keep quiet and laud the myth of China. Many are predicting a return to the "great chaos".
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