» 08/03/2012, 00.00
SYRIA - UN
UN Divided: Kofi Annan steps down as war intensifies in Syria
For the former UN secretary general no cooperation from the Syrian government or opposition. But above all, division in the Security Council and the international community who trade accusations and are partisan in their support. Yesterday 130 people were killed in conflicts in Damascus and Aleppo. Today, the Arab League proposes a resolution to the General Assembly of the United Nations to criticize Syria's threats to use chemical weapons. The military escalation of Damascus and the rebels supported by the countries of the Security Council.
- Kofi Annan, former UN secretary-general has resigned from his post as special
envoy in search of a cease-fire in Syria, because of a divided Security Council
and a growing militarization of the conflict.
a press conference, Annan spoke of "a clear lack of unity" in the
Security Council, where there continues to be "finger pointing and name calling", while "the intransigence of the Syrian
government" and " a growing
campaign of opposition" have dominated on the ground.
was appointed six months ago as UN/Arab League special envoy of the to seek a
peaceful solution to the tensions in Syria that started with peaceful
demonstrations in March 2011, that were gradually transformed into a civil war.
former UN secretary general's proposal was based on the implementation of a
cease-fire by both sides and on the start of a political transition. Neither condition was
United States, Britain and France have continuously worked for sanctions
against Assad, demanding he step down, which China and Russia have always resisted, while Saudi Arabia and
Qatar have increasingly backed the armed opposition and the guerrillas and Iran
has promised to always be on the
side of the Syrian regime.
Annan said that the problems of Syria have "increased the division of the
international community." "While
the Syrian people are in urgent need of action, we continue to point fingers
and accuse [each other] on the Security Council."
- he added - can still
be saved from the worst calamity - if the international community can show the
courage and leadership necessary to compromise on their partial interests for
the sake of the Syrian people - for the men, women and children who have
already suffered far too much. "
Annan's announcement of his resignation which shall become effective from
August 31, Russia, United States, Britain and France began to blame each other
for the failure of his mission.
Churkin, Russian ambassador to the UN has accused the "Western
powers" that have blocked "balanced and reasonable proposals",
the White House says it is the fault of Russia and China who did not support
"meaningful resolutions against Assad", William Hague ,
British Foreign Minister, together with France, criticized "vetoes"
posed by Russia and China.
has expressed regret at the resignation of Annan.
in a desperate attempt to keep diplomacy alive, the Arab League will seek a UN
General Assembly vote to "express deep concern about the threat of the
Syrian authorities to use chemical and biological weapons." Russia
has already said it will not vote on the resolution because "too
partisan". Even if
the resolution passes, it is not binding.
the situation on the ground is increasingly desperate. According
to the Local Coordinating Committee, yesterday 130 people were killed in Syria,
mostly in the two big cities of Damascus and Aleppo. According
to anti-Assad activists, in 17 months of riots more than 20 thousand people,
mostly civilians have died.
there is discussion about a greater unity of the international community, Saudi
Arabia and Qatar have increased their financial support to the rebels, Britain
and France have offered them their communication tools for the war, the United
States says it will provide a further 25 million dollars to support
while Russia sells its weapons to Syria.
10/04/2012 SYRIA - UN
Moscow wants Damascus to implement Kofi Annan plan. Opposition and U.S. skeptical
As of today there should be withdrawal of troops and armed forces from the city. But there were bombs in Harasta and Mariah. Kofi Annan is in Turkey on the way to Tehran, to ask Iran for cooperation for the peace plan for Syria. Yesterday some Syrian refugees in Turkey hit, Lebanese cameraman killed.
03/04/2012 SYRIA - UN
Assad promises an end to violence by April 10, according to the UN peace plan
Confirmed by Kofi Annan. If Assad stops the violence the rebels must also lay down their arms. But in recent days the rebels have received financial support from Saudi Arabia and Gulf countries. U.S. ambassador to the UN skeptical.
17/03/2012 SYRIA - UN
Bombing in Damascus kills civilians and security forces
The two car bombs exploded outside a police headquarters and a center of aviation. Yesterday from Geneva Kofi Annan held a videoconference with the UN Security Council. So far the answers to his Syrian mediation are "disappointing". Annan hopes to involve all the Security Council in an attempt to pacify the country by stopping the violence on both sides - the army and rebels - and creating a process of democratization in Syria.
For Syrian priest, Assad's acceptance of Annan plan is a sign of hope
For former UN secretary general, Syrian president's agreement is a first step towards peace between government and rebels. Opposition groups push for military intervention and a buffer zone on Turkish border.
Kofi Annan: Syrian people tired of the violence and want peace
The UN envoy leaves Syria without any agreement between President Assad and the rebels, but is optimistic for the future. Over 120 dead in two days of clashes in the city Idblid, Homs and Hama.
EGYPT – LEBANON
Muslims and Christians meet in Cairo for Jerusalem, 'the cause of causes'
A conference was held on 16-17 January at al-Azhar. Many prominent figures from Lebanon took part, including the Maronite Patriarch Bechara Al-Rahi. The Arab world is divided between "complicit passivity" and "noisy but ineffective speeches". For a former Lebanese premier, coordinated actions are needed to ensure greater efficacy on behalf of Jerusalem’s "pluralistic identity " and "religious freedom". Card Al-Rahi called for joint prayers, Islamic-Christian interfaith solidarity in the Arab world, and support for the Palestinians.
15/01/2018 LEBANON - SYRIA
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