Security Council Resolution 1860 was adopted by a majority of 14 votes out of 15; the United States abstained even though it backed the text and praised its content.
The resolution “calls for the unimpeded provision and distribution throughout Gaza of humanitarian assistance, including of food, fuel and medical treatment” and welcomes initiatives aimed at “creating and opening humanitarian corridors and other mechanisms for the sustained delivery of humanitarian aid.”
It also urges member states to intensify efforts for arrangements and guarantees in Gaza “to sustain a durable ceasefire and calm, including to prevent illicit trafficking in arms and ammunition and to ensure the reopening of the crossing points” into Gaza.
It “welcomes the Egyptian initiative and other regional and international efforts that are under way.”
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has invited Israel and the Palestinians to Cairo for talks on conditions for a truce, on securing Gaza borders (stopping arms and ammunition smuggling), reopening its crossings and lifting the Israeli blockade on the Palestinian territory.
On the ground however, fighting continues. Overnight Israeli raids have caused more casualties, especially in Beit Lahiya and Jabaliya.
Three Israeli soldiers were also killed, mostly from friendly fire, taking Israel's death toll to 11 military and four civilians.
According to Palestinian medical sources, more than 750 people have died since 27 December, when Israel began its offensive, many of them civilians.
There is mounting criticism over the death of 50 people killed in Israeli attacks on schools run by the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) earlier in the week.
Israel has countered, saying that Hamas uses civilians as human shields, and that the school in question was used by its militants. Local UNRWA officials have denied the allegation.
UNRWA has decided to suspend operations in the territory on Thursday after a UN convoy was hit by two Israeli tank shells, killing a truck driver.
The International Committee of the Red Cross has accused Israel of failing to help the wounded after rescuers found four small children clinging to their dead mothers during the second daily three-hour suspension of operations.
It said Israeli soldiers failed to help the children in violation of international law, and tried to force rescuers to leave during the three-hour truce Israel concede to help the wounded and to bring supplies to the residents.