» 01/16/2008, 00.00
University students greet the pope with chants of "Freedom, Freedom!"
At the general audience, a group of students demonstrate their solidarity with Benedict XVI, who declined to participate in the inauguration of the academic year of the La Sapienza university of Rome, because of opposition from a small group of teachers and students. To those present, the pope again illustrated the figure of Saint Augustine.
Vatican City (AsiaNews) - "Freedom, Freedom!": the shout raised by a group of university students of the Communion and Liberation movement, at the beginning of today's general audience, met with warm applause from the six thousand persons present in the Paul VI audience hall, and was an echo of the decision Benedict XVI took yesterday not to go to the La Sapienza university of Rome. The decision was due to opposition from a small group of teachers and students, against the invitation that had been extended to him to participate in the inauguration of the academic year. "So there are three places where the pope cannot go: Moscow, Beijing, and the university of Rome", commented one of the young people present at the audience. "If Benedict does not go to La Sapienza, La Sapienza comes to Benedict", read one of the banners that the young people raised.
The pope did not mention the affair, not even in the greeting that he addressed to the students. For the second week, Benedict XVI dedicated the discourse of his general audience to Saint Augustine, dwelling in particular on the last year of the life of the bishop of Hippo, who died during the Vandal assault on his city in 430. The pope emphasised in particular Augustine's call to the pastors to remain close to the faithful in moments of difficulty, as so many priests have done so often throughout history.
Benedict XVI recalled Augustine's protests against the conflict that would lead to the barbarian invasion, citing the statement that "the greater honour is that of slaying war with the word, rather than slaying men with the sword," and of "defending peace with peace". The tragic events of killing and devastation that struck the region drove some priests to ask the bishop if it were right to flee in order to save one's life. "When all are in danger", Augustine replied, in the words repeated today by the pope, "those who are in need should not be abandoned by those whose duty it is to assist them. They should be saved together, or face calamity together. This is the supreme proof of charity". "The world", Benedict XVI commented, "recognises in these words the heroic message that so many priests throughout the ages have welcomed and made their own".
In the third month of the siege, the pope continued, Augustine was confined to bed with the illness that would end his life. He affirmed that no one - bishop, priest, or layperson - can face death without doing penance. Augustine died on August 4 of the year 430. His body was brought to Sardinia, and from there to Pavia, where it still rests.
But, "when I read the writings of Saint Augustine", the pope commented, "I do not get the impression that he was a man who died about 1,600 years ago, but that he is a man of today, a friend, a contemporary, who speaks to me, who speaks to us, with his faith that is still fresh and relevant today".
Finally, greeting the Italians present, Benedict XVI talked about the Week for Christian Unity that begins on Friday, and is in its hundredth edition. "The theme", he explained, "is the summons of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians to 'pray without ceasing', a call that I gladly make my own and that I extend to the entire Church. Yes, it is necessary to pray without ceasing, asking God for the great gift of unity among all of the Lord's disciples". (FP)
Bertone: At "La Sapienza" , the conditions for a dignified and peaceful welcome were lacking
Here is the text of the letter that Vatican secretary of state Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone sent to the rector of the Università La Sapienza, prof. Renato Guarini, together with the address by Benedict XVI.
In Italy and in the world, millions tomorrow will pray the Angelus with the pope
Enthusiastic participation everywhere at the invitation from Cardinal Ruini to join the pope in the Angelus prayer tomorrow, as "a gesture of affection, serenity, and joy" after the controversy and cancellation surrounding the pope's visit to the La Sapienza university. 150,000 are expected in Saint Peter's square. Giant television screens will be set up to broadcast the event in Milan and many other cities. The participation of the Catholics in China.
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To the faithful present at the general audience, Benedict XVI illustrates the figure of Germanus of Constantinople, an important patriarch during the period of the controversy of iconoclasm, and in Mariology. His teaching continues to invite people to follow Christ in order to become again the image of God, and love for the Church and for the beauty of the liturgy.
Pope: proclaiming the Gospel to unite peoples
The "worship" to which the Christian is called is to honor God not in the abstract, but in daily life. At the first general audience of 2009, the wish of Benedict XVI (who apologizes for his hoarse voice) is for unity with Christ: "only if we are united with Jesus will it be a good and happy year."
Pope: world is full of dangerous powers, but united with Christ we fear nothing
Illustrating the letters of St. Paul to the Ephesians and to the Colossians, Benedict XVI stresses that Jesus "is above every hostile power." The Church is the "bride" for whom he gave his life and of whom he is "the head." He is also master of the cosmos.
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