20 January 2018
AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook
Geographic areas

  • > Africa
  • > Central Asia
  • > Europe
  • > Middle East
  • > Nord America
  • > North Asia
  • > South Asia
  • > South East Asia
  • > South West Asia
  • > Sud America
  • > East Asia

  • » 12/27/2006, 00.00


    God’s glory, peace and man’s salvation in Christmas, says Pope

    Benedict XVI focused today’s catechesis on Christmas. This festivity is God’s revelation as love and men’s commitment to build love and peace in the world. Here is the full text of the catechesis.

    Vatican City (AsiaNews) – Dear brothers and sisters, today’s meeting is taking place in a Christmas atmosphere full of intimate joy for the birth of the Saviour. We just celebrated the other day this mystery whose echo extends to the liturgy of every day. It is a mystery of light that men of every age can relive in faith. The words of the John the Evangelist, whom we celebrate today, still echo: "Et Verbum caro factum est – And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us" (Jn 1, 14).

    As God at Christmas came to live among us and stay with us, one question crosses the two thousand year span of Christian history: “Why did he do it? Why did God become man?”

    The chant the angels began singing in the grotto—“Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace to those on whom his favour rests” (Lk 2, 14)—can help answer this question. The canticle of the night before Christmas, which is now in the Gloria, belongs to the liturgy as do the other three canticles from the New Testament which refer to Jesus’ birth and infancy: the Benedictus, the Magnificat and the Nunc dimittis.

    Whilst these are included respectively in the morning Lauds, the evening Vesper prayer, and the nightly Compline, the Gloria found its place in the Holy Mass. To the angels’ words a few acclamations were added: "We praise You. We bless You. We adore You. We glorify You. We give You thanks for Your great Glory.” Later “Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father. You who take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us” were added to form an ariose hymn of praise that was sung the first time during Christmas mass and then in all feast days. Included at the beginning of the Eucharistic celebration, the Gloria underscores the existing continuity between and the birth and the death of Christ, between Christmas and Easter, which are indissoluble aspects of the one and the same mystery of salvation.

    The Gospel says that the angelic multitude sang:  “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to people of good will”.  The angels announced that the birth of Christ to the shepherds “is” glory to God in the Highest and peace to His people on earth. Therefore, these angelic words are conveniently placed on the grotto to explain the mystery of Christmas that is fulfilled in the nativity scene. The word “gloria” (doxa) indicates the splendour of God that his grateful creatures’ praise elicits. Paul said that it is “the knowledge of the glory of God on the face of (Jesus) Christ” (2 Cor 4, 6).  “Peace" (eirene) summarise the fullness of the messianic gift, salvation, as the Apostle puts it, which is identified with Christ himself. “For he is our peace," (Eph 2, 14). There is, finally, a reference to men “of good will”. “Good will” (eudokia) would ordinarily make one think of men’s “good will”, but here it refers to God’s, boundless, “good will” towards men. Hence the Christmas message means that with the birth of Jesus, God has shown his good will towards all.

    Let us get back to question “Why did God become man?” St Irenaeus said: “The word became the dispenser of the paternal grace for the benefit of men [. . .]. For the glory of God is a living man—vivens homo—; and the life of man consists in beholding God.” (Adv. Haer. IV, 20, 5.7).

    God’s glory manifests itself in the salvation of man whom God loved so much, wrote John the Evangelist, “that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life,” (Jn 3, 16). Love is therefore the ultimate reason for Christ’s incarnation. Theologian H.U. von Balthasar’s reflection on the matter is eloquent. He wrote that “God is not, first of all, absolute power, but rather absolute love whose sovereignty does not manifest itself in keeping what is his, but in giving it up” (Mysterium paschale I, 4). The God that we see in the nativity scene is God-Love.

    At this point the angels’ announcement sounds to us like an invitation: “Let there be” glory to God in the Highest, “let there be” peace to His people on earth”. The only way to glorify God and build peace on earth lies in humbly and trustingly welcome the gift of Christmas: love. The angels’ song can then become a prayer to repeat often, not only during the Christmas period. A hymn of praise to God in the highest and a fervent invocation of peace on earth that may turn into a concrete commitment to build it with our own life. This is the commitment Christmas gives us.

    e-mail this to a friend Printable version

    See also

    30/01/2013 VATICAN
    Pope: God's omnipotence is expressed in the love and freedom he gifts us
    At the general audience, Benedict XVI continues to reflect on the Creed. Today, especially in the West, it is not easy to talk about fatherhood, but biblical revelation "shows us what it really means to be a father," a father "who loves us so much that he gave His only Son for our salvation." Several theologians say that God is not omnipotent otherwise there would not be so much evil in the world. But God's ways are different from ours, and also "his omnipotence is different: it is not expressed as a automatic or arbitrary force, but is marked by a loving and fatherly freedom."

    24/10/2007 VATICAN
    Pope: those who teach the faith cannot behave like a clown playing a part
    In his general audience Benedict XVI indicates St Ambrose as an example of how an “authentic witness” announces the Gospel with his life. The “historic event” of the meeting between Milan’s bishop and saint with Saint Augustine.

    01/06/2011 VATICAN
    God always gives sinners a chance to become “righteous”, pope says
    As he continues his reflection on praying, Benedict XVI describes Moses as “a man of prayers”. There “is a constant temptation on the path of faith, whereby we try to avoid the divine mystery by building a God that we can understand, one who corresponds to our own designs and plans.”

    31/08/2005 vatican
    Benedict XVI : declining birthrates deprive many countries of their future

    09/08/2006 VATICAN - MIDDLE EAST
    Pope: "God is love". A new appeal for an end to conflict in the Mid-East

    At the end of a meeting dedicated to catechesis, Benedict affirmed that a ceasefire "is possible" if "reason, goodwill, faith in the other, implementation of commitments assumed and cooperation between responsible partners" prevail. His teaching was focused on the apostle John and the love of God, a unique element of Christianity.

    Editor's choices

    Muslims and Christians meet in Cairo for Jerusalem, 'the cause of causes'

    Fady Noun

    A conference was held on 16-17 January at al-Azhar. Many prominent figures from Lebanon took part, including the Maronite Patriarch Bechara Al-Rahi. The Arab world is divided between "complicit passivity" and "noisy but ineffective speeches". For a former Lebanese premier, coordinated actions are needed to ensure greater efficacy on behalf of Jerusalem’s "pluralistic identity " and "religious freedom". Card Al-Rahi called for joint prayers, Islamic-Christian interfaith solidarity in the Arab world, and support for the Palestinians.

    Yunnan: Christians accused of membership in an apocalyptic sect get up to 13 years in prison

    The Three Grades of Servants cult, an underground pseudo-Protestant sect founded in Henan, is especially strong in the countryside. Those convicted claim they are just ordinary Christians and know nothing about the sect. Defense lawyers have been threatened with loss of their license to practice.


    AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.


    News feed

    Canale RSSRSS channel 


    IRAN 2016 Banner

    2003 © All rights reserved - AsiaNews C.F. e P.Iva: 00889190153 - GLACOM®