01/29/2019, 11.01
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Card. Bo against the Myitstone dam, a 'death sentence' for Myanmar

The Archbishop of Yangon condemns the possible resumption of the controversial Chinese project. The dam would be the first to block the Irrawaddy River, cradle of Myanmar civilization. The prelate attacks "the greed of a superpower". "Confident that our leaders will resist all efforts to destroy the destiny and dignity of our nation".

Yangon (AsiaNews) - The Myitstone Dam is "a death sentence for the people of Myanmar": Card. Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon and first Burmese Cardinal, launched a harsh warning against the possible resumption of the imposing Chinese project at the confluence of the rivers Mali and N'Mai which, in the northern state of Kachin, unite to form the Irrawaddy. Controlled by the China State Power Investment Corporation, the 6,400-megawatt plant would be the first dam to block the river, the cradle of Myanmar's civilization. In 2011, to Beijing’s great anger, the then Burmese president Thein Sein suspended construction work. The junta decision came after several popular protests over the worsening conditions of the population near the dam. Aung San Suu Kyi also spoke against the project. The opening of the site caused the forced displacement of 15 thousand inhabitants, scattered in 60 villages in the area. These days, the displaced people have again urged the government to cancel the project. In a statement of 25 January, they state that they will continue to oppose the project, despite attempts to silence them by cutting aid received after the evacuation. Earlier this month, several non-governmental groups criticized a statement by the Chinese embassy in Myanmar that ethnic Kachin citizens are not opposed to the resumption of the project. Naypyidaw has not taken a clear position. The international isolation that followed the Rohingya humanitarian crisis has pushed Myanmar to depend more and more on China's political and economic support. The concern that the government may soon succumb to pressure from Beijing has increased last week following the forced resignation of three senior ministers of the Kachin state, already devastated by the conflict between rebels and government forces.  These include the Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment U H La Aung, opposed to the dam. Below the message of the Card. Bo.


We the people of Myanmar, with tears in our eyes, our hearts shaken by fear and sorrow, knock at the doors of our rulers and the international community.  Faced with the sad prospect of losing our mother Irrawaddy, through Myitstone dam, to the greed of a superpower, every Myanmar citizen pleads with all people of good will to come to the support of the poor of Myanmar.

Irrawaddy is not a river to us; she is not a commodity to be bartered.  She is the sacred mother of every Myanmar people.  Her history is intertwined with the history of Myanmar. Like the jewel around the neck of our nation, Irrawaddy traverses through the whole nation crossing thousands of miles. She is witness to our sorrows, joys and wounded history.   She is our hope, she is our destiny.

For a nation of agriculture, where 80 per cent of the people live by farming, Irrawaddy is an unfailing accompanier in their livelihood.   Her Majesty, her dancing down the mountains, her mystic meandering through the soul of the nation, her generosity to the poor farmers, make Irrawaddy the nations' sacred identity.  For thousands of sacred sites along the banks of Irrawaddy, this river is the most sacred symbol of our nation.

This sacred mother is now open for trade.   Big and powerful countries need everything from this nation. For decades, they abused its strategic position for threatening Myanmar. They commodified our girls and women through human trafficking in the northern states of Myanmar.  The same sad fate now falls on our Mother Irrawaddy.

The recent events in the country have further, unfortunately increased the leverage of certain countries over our nation.  Threats and black mail are used with impunity.          

This is the moment of heart-wrenching tragedy. 

Myitstone dam is the death sentence to the people of Myanmar. The grim prospect of millions of farmers losing their livelihood, the abuse of sacred sites along the rivers, the death and destruction of the precious flora and fauna of our dear nation, is becoming a nightmarish reality.  This dam is an environmental disaster. Myitstone dam is a toxic cognac for chronic war.  Peace will fade in the horizon.  A bleak future awaits the people of Myanmar. We do not deserve this.

For the peaceful future, Myitstone dam must be stopped.  The former President U Thein Sein took the courageous step of stopping the dam work.  We believe all those inside Myanmar will support the move to abrogate any treaty that abuses Mother Irrawaddy.  Those who support the restarting Myitstone dam are like sons and daughter who commodify their parents for monetary gains.  History will never forgive those who sell our mother Irrawaddy.

On behalf of all the people of Myanmar, especially the poor farmers, we earnestly request all stakeholders to stop their attempts to abuse our mother Irrawaddy.  We earnestly request the people of Myanmar to join hands in protecting the dignity of our mother Irrawaddy.  We are hopeful that our leaders will resist all efforts to destroy our nation's destiny and dignity. 

+Charles Cardinal Maung Bo., DD,SDB

Archbishop of Yangon, Myanmar

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