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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 03/24/2006, 00.00

    CHINA

    China is black hole of Asia's deforestation



    The Chinese market imports more than 50% of timber from countries where illegal logging is rife and where deforestation is destroying the lives of the "poorest communities in the world".

    Jakarta (AsiaNews/Agencies) – China is the main channel for illegal logging in Asia while the United States, Europe and Japan are the key markets for timber products and furniture coming from countries where the illicit practice is widespread and human rights are ignored.

    This was revealed in a report issued in Jakarta today, 24 March, by Forest Trends, the Centre for International Forestry Research, and the Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy. The report is entitled "China and the Global Market for Forest Products" and is based on five years of research.

    It found that about 70 per cent of all timber imported to China, the largest consumer in the world, was converted into furniture, plywood and other processed products for export. Beijing has captured 33 per cent of the global furniture trade over the past eight years, and the thriving business, coupled with its domestic demand for paper and wood products, is devastating forests and forest communities around the world.

    "Few consumers realise that the cheap prices they pay are directly linked to the exploitation of some of the poorest people on earth," author Andy White said.

    The report urges the Chinese government to act to strengthen domestic reform policies related to timber, improve productivity and focus more on ecosystem protection. Such steps would help Beijing and the industry to cut the country's reliance on imports that fuel illegal logging elsewhere. China accounts for more than 50 per cent of exports from Papua New Guinea, Myanmar and Indonesia.

    In Indonesia, 80 per cent of the timber market is held to be illegal, with poor forest protection and obscure laws adding to prevalent problems. The report predicted that "at present rates, natural forests in Indonesia would be logged out in 10 years, Papua New Guinea in 13 to 16 years". And the "situation in Myanmar is no better, and may be even worse".

    Jakarta has tried to crack down on illegal exports of wood to China, estimated to be worth more than US billion a year, while Beijing has decided to tax luxury products like yachts.

    The Chinese government has also decided to impose a special tax on chopsticks and wood panels, used in all restaurants in the country. "For their production, more than 1.3 million cubic metres of wood are used," said the Chinese Finance Minister. "This puts unsustainable pressure on the country's already beleaguered forest resources." But this move seems to be merely a drop in the ocean.

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    See also

    02/06/2006 MYANMAR - CHINA
    Beijing tries to clamp down on illegal timber imports from Myanmar

    But the illegal trade continues: soldiers do apprehend traffickers but instead of arresting them, they merely fine them. And the border is not really guarded at night.



    14/11/2006 CHINA – SOUTH KOREA
    China: new economic policies cause Korean firms to leave

    A report by the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency said around 6,000 small South Korean companies had left because of restrictive decisions taken by Beijing. Their preferred destination for relocation is Vietnam.



    28/09/2005 CHINA
    China: Paper production boom destroys Asian forests

    Beijing is poised to become the world's largest producer in the paper sector. Environmentalists charge that raw material is often procured without controls and by forbidden means.



    30/12/2009 CHINA
    To continue growth, China refuses to reevaluate the yuan
    According to official data industrial profits are recovering. Premier Wen says now necessary to contain inflation, especially in real estate, and that a "stable" Yuan is beneficial for the world economy. Meanwhile, the government can not even contain corruption.

    27/12/2006 INDONESIA
    Flooding kills 109 people in Sumatra
    Torrential rains have been falling on the province since December 21 forcing more than 400,000 residents to flee. The central government issues a national emergency as local authorities warn of a pending food crisis. Illegal logging is blamed for the tragedy.



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    CHINA-VATICAN
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