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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 03/24/2006
CHINA
China is black hole of Asia's deforestation

The Chinese market imports more than 50% of timber from countries where illegal logging is rife and where deforestation is destroying the lives of the "poorest communities in the world".



Jakarta (AsiaNews/Agencies) – China is the main channel for illegal logging in Asia while the United States, Europe and Japan are the key markets for timber products and furniture coming from countries where the illicit practice is widespread and human rights are ignored.

This was revealed in a report issued in Jakarta today, 24 March, by Forest Trends, the Centre for International Forestry Research, and the Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy. The report is entitled "China and the Global Market for Forest Products" and is based on five years of research.

It found that about 70 per cent of all timber imported to China, the largest consumer in the world, was converted into furniture, plywood and other processed products for export. Beijing has captured 33 per cent of the global furniture trade over the past eight years, and the thriving business, coupled with its domestic demand for paper and wood products, is devastating forests and forest communities around the world.

"Few consumers realise that the cheap prices they pay are directly linked to the exploitation of some of the poorest people on earth," author Andy White said.

The report urges the Chinese government to act to strengthen domestic reform policies related to timber, improve productivity and focus more on ecosystem protection. Such steps would help Beijing and the industry to cut the country's reliance on imports that fuel illegal logging elsewhere. China accounts for more than 50 per cent of exports from Papua New Guinea, Myanmar and Indonesia.

In Indonesia, 80 per cent of the timber market is held to be illegal, with poor forest protection and obscure laws adding to prevalent problems. The report predicted that "at present rates, natural forests in Indonesia would be logged out in 10 years, Papua New Guinea in 13 to 16 years". And the "situation in Myanmar is no better, and may be even worse".

Jakarta has tried to crack down on illegal exports of wood to China, estimated to be worth more than US billion a year, while Beijing has decided to tax luxury products like yachts.

The Chinese government has also decided to impose a special tax on chopsticks and wood panels, used in all restaurants in the country. "For their production, more than 1.3 million cubic metres of wood are used," said the Chinese Finance Minister. "This puts unsustainable pressure on the country's already beleaguered forest resources." But this move seems to be merely a drop in the ocean.


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See also
06/02/2006 MYANMAR - CHINA
Beijing tries to clamp down on illegal timber imports from Myanmar
11/14/2006 CHINA – SOUTH KOREA
China: new economic policies cause Korean firms to leave
by Theresa Kim Hwa-young
09/28/2005 CHINA
China: Paper production boom destroys Asian forests
12/30/2009 CHINA
To continue growth, China refuses to reevaluate the yuan
12/27/2006 INDONESIA
Flooding kills 109 people in Sumatra

Editor's choices
VATICAN
Pope: on the persecution of Christians, the international community should "not stand by mute and inactive” and “look away”For the sixth time in a week, Pope Francis mentioned the martyrdom of Christians in today’s Regina Caeli (the Marian prayer at Easter), slamming the indifference of the international community towards this "alarming failure to protect basic human rights.” Today’s martyrs "are many, and we can say that they are more numerous than in the first centuries." In addition, “Faith in the resurrection of Jesus and the hope He has brought to us is the most beautiful gift that a Christian can and must offer his brothers and sisters. To one and all, therefore, do not tire of repeating: Christ is Risen!”
ASIA
Easter: The silence of the innocent and the gag
by Bernardo CervelleraViolations of religious freedom and the West's hypocricy surrounding this issue are likely to drag the world into an unprecedented chaos. But even in silence - of death accepted for love or death inflicted by power - God is at work. An indestructible hope rises on Easter morning and a small opening of the heart is just enough for it to invade a lifetime. Happy Easter.
IRAN
Time for a deal with Tehran, a reliable partner against the Islamic State group
by Bernardo Cervellera A framework agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue has to be inked by 31 March. US Republicans, Israel and Saudi Arabia are fiercely opposed to it for ulterior motives. Hassan Rouhani wants Iran to come back into the international fold. Tehran is playing a mediating role in the Middle East. For Vatican nuncio, “there is no evidence that Iran is preparing a nuclear bomb.”

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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