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    » 04/29/2004, 00.00

    Spain - Islam

    Cordoba's Mosque-Cathedral (profile)



    The magnificent and austere mezquita gathers together both Christian and Muslim tradition, conferring upon it a fascination and unique testimony to each other's history. 

    In 785 the first Umayyad  emir of Cordoba, Abd ar-Rahman I, conquered half of a church which dated back to the Visigoth period. He then built a mosque in its place.

    Cordoba's increasing population pushed both Abd ar-Rahman II and Al-Hakim II, respectively in the 9th and 10th centuries, to expand the mosque and orientate its position toward the south (not toward Mecca). 

    The mosque's mihrab – an octagonal niche where the Koran is read and prayer led, is prefectly preserved in its original Mecca-orientated position in the western wing of the cathedral.

    In 1236 Ferdinand III of Castile won back Cordoba and transformed the mosque into church dedicated to the Assumption.

    In 1523 a Renaissance-Baroque cathedral is built, tearing down the additions constructed by Muslims over time.

    The first changes made by Christians were very limited, while in the 16th century the center of the mosque was demolished to allow for the construction of the Capilla Mayor and choir loft.

    Of the 1300 pillars built by Cordoba's artisans, there are only 850 left in the building. The courtyard used for ablutions was changed into an orange grove and the minaret into a bell tower.  
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    See also

    29/04/2004 spain - islam
    Muslims seek to use Cathedral alongside Catholics


    29/04/2004 spain - islam
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    06/11/2010 VATICAN- SPAIN
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    12/03/2004 spain
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    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    Vatican silence over Shanghai’s Mgr Ma Daqin causing confusion and controversy

    Bernardo Cervellera

    For some, Mgr Ma’s blog post praising the Patriotic Association and acknowledging his mistakes is nothing but “dirt”. For others, he chose humiliation for the “sake of his diocese”. Many wonder why the Holy See has remained silent about the article’s content and the bishop’s persecution. Some suspect the Vatican views the episode in positive terms. Yet, the Ma Daqin affair raises a major question. Has Benedict XVI’s Letter to Chinese Catholics (which describes the Patriotic Association as “incompatible with Catholic doctrine”) been abolished? If it has, who did it? A journey of compromises without truth is full of risks.


    CHINA – VATICAN
    Mgr Ma Daqin: the text of his “confession”

    Mons. Taddeo Ma Daqin

    Four years after quitting the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, the bishop of Shanghai “admits” his faults on his blog, praising the organisation that controls the Church. We publish his article, almost in its entirety. Translation by AsiaNews.


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