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» 06/08/2012
ASIA
ADB and WWF ecosystem of the Asia-Pacific nations under threat
The countries consume "more resources" than produced, the survival of forests, rivers and oceans at risk. Coral Triangle, the Mekong region, the forests of Borneo and the Eastern Himalayas at centre of scientists concerns. For the analysis Living Planet Index used.

Bangkok (AsiaNews/Agencies) - The nations of the Asia-Pacific region consume "more resources" than their ecosystem is able to produce and support, threatening the survival of forests, rivers and oceans. This is shown by a joint study, carried out by experts from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in collaboration with the World Wide Fund (WWF) and published on the occasion of World Environment Day. In particular, research has wanted to focus on the conservations of four major large-scale ecosystems present in Asia; the Coral Triangle - including in the waters off the coast of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor East, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines - the Mekong region, the forests of Borneo and the Eastern Himalayas.

The researcher and environmentalist Bruce Dunn - one of the curators of the study entitled Ecological Footprint and Investment in Natural Capital in Asia - points out that the gap between consumption of natural resources and environment's ability to reproduce is constantly increasing. The ADB expert added that the on a regional scale "the average resident uses at least 1.6 hectares of productive area, be it land or sea," but when you consider the current availability per capita, it is estimated at less than one hectare (less than 0.9).

To measure changes in the health of the ecosystem in the Asia-Pacific, scholars have used the Living Planet Index (LPI), an indicator that assesses the evolution of vertebrates around the world and provides useful data on the species populations presence, declining and at risk. The research found that globally the Lpi index decreased by 28% between 1970 and 2008, whereas the decline in the Indo-Pacific region accounts for approximately 64%, with an alarm especially for some key species .

At the level of nations, in the context of the major Asian consumers are China and India with a progressive industrialization and population that will become "hundreds of millions" of units "in the next 20 years." Experts warn that firstly "we live beyond our actual needs", and secondly, it is imperative to "identify sustainable solutions" aimed at strengthening the cooperation between states and governments at local, regional and international level.


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See also
07/16/2014 ASIA
BRICS lays down challenge to IMF and World Bank and launches own bank
08/31/2006 ENVIRONMENT
World Bank echoes pope: "Environmental degradation hurts the poor"
05/13/2009 PHILIPPINES – ASIA
‘Coral Triangle’ could disappear, WWF warns
by Santosh Digal
12/09/2008 ASIA
Economic crisis: US, China and the coming monetary storm
by Maurizio d'Orlando
06/10/2011 ASIA – IMF
Christine Lagarde, candidate for India and China to the International Monetary Fund

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by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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