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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 06/09/2012
CHINA - CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan, Iran, Chinese aid and Shanghai group
by Wang Zhicheng
Beijing is providing "sincere and selfless help" to Karzai in the form of US$ 24 million to fund infrastructure and scholarships. China is concerned with fundamentalist influence in Xinjiang. It will provide a US$ 10 billion loan for railways, telecommunications and energy pipelines to SCO member states. The group reiterates its opposition to the use of force against Iran, but calls on Iran to be "pragmatic and flexible" in nuclear talks.

Beijing (AsiaNews) - The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a group that includes China, Russia and four Central Asian nations, has granted Afghanistan observer status. Beijing has also pledged immediate aid to Kabul and much more once NATO troops leave the country in 2014. The group has also expressed its opposition to any use of force against Iran, which already has observer status in the organisation.

The two-day meeting in the Chinese capital, which ended yesterday, saw the participation of Turkey as a "partner in dialogue". With the Eurasian country, SCO now embrace countries from the Mediterranean to the Pacific Ocean. In addition to Russia and China, SCO includes Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Iran, India, Pakistan and Mongolia are observers.

Founded as a security community to fight terrorism, the organisation is now evolving into an area of economic cooperation. Yesterday, China offered a US$ 10 billion loan for economic development to help member states establish railway, telecommunications and energy pipeline links. Member countries have also agreed to boost mutual economic relations.

For Afghanistan, acceptance by SCO is an economic and political windfall. President Hu Jintao told Afghan President Karzai that China would provide "sincere and selfless help" to the beleaguered country, including 150 million yuan (US$ 24 million) in aid this year for infrastructure and scholarships.

The two signed a strategic partnership agreement, under which China said it would encourage Chinese investment.

With NATO planning to pull out from Afghanistan in 2014, China is getting edgy over possible chaos in its western neighbour, as well as an increase in the opium trade and fundamentalism infiltration, especially in Xinjiang.

Hu said that SCO must play a greater in Afghanistan, but Russia excluded any military presence in the country.

During the summit, the Chinese leader met his Iranian counterpart, President Mahmud Ahmadinejad. During their talks, Hu asked him to be "pragmatic and flexible" in ongoing nuclear talks.

On 18-19 June, Moscow will host a new round of talks between Iran and the 5+1 group (United States Russia, Great Britain, France, China and Germany) to stop Tehran from developing a programme they suspect might include a nuclear military capability.

Without an agreement, new and tougher financial and trade sanctions will come into effect on 1 July.

Iran has always said that its nuclear programme does not have a military component.

Iranian Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency Ali Asghar Soltanieh recently announced that his government is ready to counter any fear.

"We are ready," he said, "to remove all the ambiguities and prove to the whole world that our nuclear activities are exclusive[ly] for peaceful purposes".

In a final statement, SCO said that the use of force against Iran because of concerns about its nuclear programme would be unacceptable and would lead to unpredictable circumstances in the region and the world.

 


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See also
10/14/2009 CHINA – RUSSIA
New Moscow-Beijing axis to restrain the West
02/26/2007 RUSSIA – CHINA
Moscow-Beijing axis emerging around weapons and oil, keeping US out
10/16/2009 CHINA – IRAN
Wen Jiabao calls for “closer ties between China and Iran”
06/18/2009 CHINA – RUSSIA
Beijing and Moscow urge Pyongyang to go back to the negotiating table
10/29/2005 CHINA
China, Russia join Caucasus states in asking US to quit region

Editor's choices
ISLAM - MIDDLE EAST
Al Azhar and Vatican against terrorism. The ambiguity of the international community
by Bernardo CervelleraThe influential Sunni university denounces " heinous" violence of the Islamic state and demands the world defeat this group “through every possible means". Vatican: terrorism is a threat to all humanity. France claims to fight terrorism, but then sells weapons, aircraft, helicopter gunships to Saudi Arabia, which supports Islamic fundamentalism. Kuwait tolerates Salafis who support the Nusra Front and the Islamic state. Turkey against the Kurds; the United States against Iran, Russia and China.
TUNISIA - ISLAM
Tunis, stop terrorism by closing fundamentalist mosquesPresident Essebsi believes unified and global strategy needed to counter terrorism. The attack in Sousse almost simultaneous with those in France, Kuwait, Somalia. Islamic State claims responsibility.
VATICAN – ITALY
Pope in Turin tells young people to be chaste in love, go against the flow and not retire at 20In his last meeting on the first day of his visit to Turin, Francis met young people in Vittorio Square. In a Question and Answer exchange, he talked about love, friendship and loss of trust towards life. "I understand you. How many hypocrites speak of peace and sell weapons. How can one trust? By following Christ, whose act of extreme love, i.e. the Cross, saved humanity." The pontiff also looked at the horrors of the 20th century as evidence of the loss of trust towards world powers. He urged young people “not to retire at 20,” but “live, don’t just exist.”

Dossier

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