29 May 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 05/28/2013, 00.00

    MYANMAR

    Aung San Suu Kyi: Rohingya Muslims discriminated against in "two child law"



    The Nobel Peace Laureate intervenes for the first time in defense of the Muslim minority: it is a violation of human rights. The opposition leaders challenge President Thein Sein: the desire for change "is not enough", concrete reforms and equality are needed.

    Yangon (AsiaNews / Agencies) - Aung San Suu Kyi, the Burmese opposition leader, has strongly criticized the bill recently introduced in Rakhine State, which imposes a family planning program for Rohingya. Accused in the past of failing to defend the Muslim minority, for the first time the Nobel Laureate - on behalf of her party, the National League for Democracy (NLD) - said that if confirmed, the imposed limit of two children is "a flagrant violation of human rights." She added that she was opposed to the entry into force of the controversial law, introduced at first by the previous military junta and confirmed by the authorities of Rakhine "to contain sectarian violence."


    The measure, which is part of a framework of measures targeted to reign in polygamy and the growth of the minority, will cover the district of Maungdaw, in Rakhine State, which includes the towns of Maungdaw and Buthidaung. Both are located along the border with Bangladesh, in an area inhabited largely by members of the Rohingya Muslim minority, the only ethnic group to which the "two children law" applies.

    Speaking at the conclusion of an NLD meeting in Yangon, the "Lady" told reporters she could not confirm if the law was already in force, but added that it was "illegal." "It is a discriminatory norm - she said - and it is not in line with human rights. And if true, is clearly contrary to the law."

    Aung San Suu Kyi has not spared criticism even against the "reformist" President Thein Sein, who has led the country since the spring of 2011 after decades of fierce and bloody military dictatorship. The head of state has made little progress in the field of peace and human rights. This calls for greater pressure, because "the desire for change alone is not enough." "If we want to succeed on the path of reforms - she continued - those involved in the process, everyone must change. Representatives of ethnic minorities in the NLD say that as long as there is inequality between races in Burma, there can never be a real peace. "

    Since June last year, the area has been the scene of violent clashes between Burmese Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims (about 800 thousand throughout Myanmar), which has left at least 200 dead and 140 thousand displaced people. For United States based Human Rights Watch (HRW) the area is being subjected to a veritable "ethnic cleansing" by the authorities, some Burmese policy experts speculate that the root of the tension is not ethnic-religious but economic. In fact, the area - unexplored - encloses vast deposits of oil and natural gas, as well as ongoing projects such as the Sino-Burmese pipeline, which starts from the junction of Kyaukphyu port and ends in Kunming.

     

     

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    See also

    24/05/2013 MYANMAR
    Rakhine: Chinese-style family planning to contain Rohingya Muslims
    The members of the minority cannot have "more than two children," a rule designed to stop its "rapid population growth" in accordance with central government recommendations, state spokesman says. Activists complain that under the pretext of opposition to polygamy, a campaign of "ethnic cleansing" is underway.

    30/04/2013 MYANMAR
    Religious nationalism and the shadow of Burmese army in sectarian violence
    A movement of monks fueling the "969"campaign, which calls for a boycott of businesses belonging to the Muslim minority. Leader of the group the "Bin Laden" of Myanmar. Behind the scenes the moves of the former military junta, which intends to undermine the democratic reforms of the current government.

    01/05/2013 MYANMAR
    Govt panel proposes limiting births to contain Myanmar Muslims
    In order to stem rising sectarian tensions, a governmental commission proposes family planning among Rohingya and other Muslim groups in Burma. Human rights activists call the proposal "chilling". Fresh Muslim-Buddhist violence breaks out with a mosque and shops targeted in a small town north of Yangon.

    06/05/2013 MYANMAR
    As Muslim-Buddhist violence breaks out in Kachin state, Yangon archbishop calls for "peace and love"
    Burmese authorities arrest two Buddhist suspects over an attack against the commercial activities of Muslims in a state in northern Myanmar. Terror and suspicion prevail in the Muslim minority. Archbishop Bo reiterates Pope Francis's call for a "community of love" that can "put an end to decades of conflict and oppression."

    27/09/2008 MYANMAR
    One year after the massacre of the monks, the repression continues in Myanmar
    Today is the twentieth anniversary anniversary of the founding of the National League for Democracy, while one year ago, the military junta carried out a bloody repression of the "revolution" of the Buddhist monks. Activists continue to fight for human rights, and the military threatens new violence.



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