» 04/30/2012, 00.00
MYANMAR - UNITED NATIONS
Ban Ki-moon at Burmese Parliament: Suu Kyi and Thein Sein "united" for democracy
The UN Secretary-General makes first historic speech before the Assembly. He praises the courage and the foresight of the leaders of government and opposition, the protagonists of change in the country. And an invitation to continue in the future. The Nobel Laureate dissolves the controversy over the oath, which will be taken soon "for the will of the people."
Yangon (AsiaNews / Agencies) -
The UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon today held a historic speech in front of
the Burmese Parliament, in which he invited president Thein Sein - expression
of the former military junta in power - and opposition leader Aung San
Suu Kyi "to work as partners on the road of change." Meanwhile
the dispute over the Assembly oath bymembers of the National League for
Democracy (NLD) has been resolved: as announced by the Nobel Laureate, the oath
will be taken "as soon as possible" under the terms currently
envisaged by the Constitution.
Speaking to Myanmar's members of parliament,
Ban Ki-moon said that the route was "too narrow to go back" and he spoke
directly to the two leaders, Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi, the protagonists
of the "democratic" change in the country, complimenting their "courage and
recent days the United Nations Secretary General met with the president for a
private face to face, while tomorrow will seee the turn of the opposition
the earlier visit to Myanmar, in 2009, Ban Ki-moon had not been able to meet
the Nobel Laureate, under house arrest for 15 of the last 22 years, at the
order of the military regime in power until 2011. The
head of international diplomacy praised the "vision, leadership and
courage" of President Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi. "Burma
- he added - can meet the challenge of reconciliation and development, but this
will require a lot of determination and leadership and a shared
partnership" between all the people of the Union.
The UN secretary
general also explained that "the elections and open government"
should be considered a "healthy and vibrant" political climate, in
which however "much still needs to be done" in particular, to achieve
peace with ethnic minorities, "above all the Kachin people. "
the controversy concerning the oath to the Constitution, imposed on all Burmese
parliamentarians including opposition members and Aung San Suu Kyi has been
leader of the NLD was confirmed she will be sworn in "according to the
will of the people", thus facilitating her full membership in the national
members of the NLD, who had won a seat in Parliament in elections of April 1, delayed
their entry to the Assembly over a controversy regarding the formulation of the
oath: they did not want to promise to "protect the Constitution", but
a simply "respect" it.
The fundamental law of the State was promulgated and "approved" by referendum
in May 2008, in full emergency caused by Cyclone Nargis and reserves 25% seats
of the army.
Aung San Suu Kyi wants to leave behind controversy and look to the future:
"We're going [to Naypyidaw] as soon as possible to participate in
parliamentary proceedings." She
clarifies: "we accept the word safeguard, first of all because it is the
wish of our people. Our voters have chosen us because they want to see us in
The new government, a “puppet” in the hands of the military, says Burmese trade union leader
U Maung Maung stresses the absence of “new faces” in parliament, where most are military or former military. The new president plays “the role assigned to him,” but will not share power. Trade union leader urges the international community not to recognise the government. For him, the dictatorship is weakening, “a few more shoves in the right places will lead to its collapse.”
Thein Sein's cabinet shuffle just a "smokescreen"
The Burmese president removes members of the old guard to promote more reform-minded people. However, Burma expert says the changes have not altered the underlying power structure. "Unsolved problems" persist as the old elites benefit from new opportunities.
Thein Sein's decision not to run paves the way for a challenge between Aung San Suu Kyi and Shwe Mann in 2015
Myanmar's current president will not seek a second mandate and will leave active politics, Lower House Speaker Shwe Mann said in announcing his decision to replace him, likely against opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. However, the constitution will have to be amended if the Nobel Prize laureate wants run for the highest office. Meanwhile, reforms are "very slow".
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