18 December 2017
AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook
Geographic areas




  • > Africa
  • > Central Asia
  • > Europe
  • > Middle East
  • > Nord America
  • > North Asia
  • > South Asia
  • > South East Asia
  • > South West Asia
  • > Sud America
  • > East Asia


  • » 06/11/2015, 00.00

    CHINA

    Beijing to raise pollution taxes to fund clean energy



    A draft law would apply new taxes against noise, water, air and solid waste pollution. Rates will vary according to type and amount of substances emitted. Expert praises the move to promote clean technologies but urges the government to reinvest in the environment. At present, it is cheaper to pay fines than invest in cleaner technologies.

    Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – China’s State Council (cabinet) yesterday issued a draft proposal to change the country’s environment legislation in order to target air, water, noise and solid waste pollution through levies on polluters.

    The move appears to be part of Beijing's promise to implement regulations that will force polluters to pay for the damage they do.

    The council proposed the following rates: 1.4 yuan per 4kg of suspended solids for water pollutants, a range of 5-30 yuan per tonne for solid waste and 1.2 yuan per unit for air pollutants.

    For air pollutants, what counts as a unit will depend on the pollutant. Sulphur dioxide, for example, will attract a levy of 1.2 yuan per 0.95kg.

    Industrial noises will also attract levies, according to the level of decibels recorded. These will be on a scale of 350 yuan to 11,200 yuan, but the council did not say if these were daily rates or another timeframe.

    Such taxes may be halved for companies emitting below half the national standard. Provincial governments may raise the rates according to local environmental conditions, state-run Xinhua reported.

    The taxes will not be applied to pollutants in agriculture except those produced by large-scale animal husbandry and mobile pollution sources, including motor vehicles, locomotives, non-road mobile machinery, ships and aircraft, as long as the pollutants are within national standards.

    Normal emissions by urban sewage and refuse treatment plants will also be exempted.

    Most Chinese consider pollution as the country’s top priority. However, for many companies, the cost of complying with environmental regulations has traditionally outweighed the fines, giving industries little incentive to install clean technologies.

    Environment Minister Chen Jining said on Tuesday that the environment in China had "reached its limit", with high pollution and ecological damage.

    He said the government would take "more forceful measures" over the next five years to protect the environment.

    Commenting on the draft environmental tax law, Ma Jun, director of the Beijing-based Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, said that the proposed new legislation would motivate companies to embrace clean technology.

    In his view, although the law offered a smooth transition from the pollutant discharge fees companies currently pay, it would take time to see how it would fare in the long term.

    "It's an issue whether the levy could be charged accurately based on the pollutants generated. It will take time to observe whether the levy will be as negotiable as pollution discharge fees," Ma noted.

    Nevertheless, "Transparency is very important. Not only will it allow taxation authorities to get up-to-date information over the amount of pollution a company has produced, it will allow the public to monitor how effectively the levy is being invested back into environmental protection."

    e-mail this to a friend Printable version










    See also

    31/08/2006 ENVIRONMENT
    World Bank echoes pope: "Environmental degradation hurts the poor"

    Gathered in Cape Town for a meeting on ecology, leaders of the financial agency took up the concern voiced by Benedict XVI and underlined the need to look ahead towards balanced, useful development.



    15/12/2017 16:48:00 CHINA
    Against the freezing cold, the Chinese government wants clean energy, but there is not enough gas for heating

    The authorities are urging consumer to use natural gas instead of coal to reduce pollution. However, gas prices have increased by up to 20 per cent. Hundreds of trucks carry liquified gas from Zhuhai (Guangdong) for up to 3,000 km to Hebei, Shanxi, and Hunan.



    24/03/2017 12:58:00 CHINA
    A "green necklace" of trees against air pollution in Beijing

    Hebei Province plans to use wetlands around the capital. The latter however suffers from water shortages. Beijing’s pollution crisis could be tackled by closing a significant number of steel factories in the region, but powerful interests and state enterprises have opposed such a move.



    07/01/2011 CHINA
    Pollution in China: Hundreds of children poisoned by lead
    A factory in the eastern province of Anhui operated illegally for years a few feet away from homes. In 2010 they nine cases of lead pollution were officially recorded. The government is in trouble, as evidenced by the conviction of the activist who exposed the scandal of melamine-tainted milk.

    13/08/2009 CHINA
    Plant that poisoned hundreds of children closed
    The authorities are quick to close the Shaanxi factory, after news was spread. But nobody explains why families in the area have not been transferred, as was expected. Ill at risk of irreversible damage to muscles, nerves, brain.



    Editor's choices

    IRAQ
    For parish priest in Amadiya, Advent among Mosul refugees sees solidarity stronger than hardships (photos)



    Fr Samir describes an atmosphere of joy and hope, despite the lack of resources and less aid. The struggle for survival has boosted the bond between Christians, Muslims, and Yazidis. About 150 refugee families are still living at the centre, 70 per cent depending on resources provided by the Church. Hundreds of young people attend the prayer meeting in preparation for Christmas.


    VATICAN-ASIA
    Xenophobia and populism. The case of Asia

    Bernardo Cervellera

    Theme studied during symposium jointly organized by the World Council of Churches (WCC) and by the Vatican Dicastery for Integral Human Development. Tracing the commitment of Churches amid rising hostility towards others, considered as enemies and foreigners. "Migrants" are an important political theme in Germany and in UK Brexit. Testimonies from Latin America and Africa. Asian experiences entrusted to the director of AsiaNews.


    AsiaNews IS ALSO A MONTHLY!

    AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.
     

    SUBSCRIBE NOW

    News feed

    Canale RSScanale RSS 

    Add to Google









     

    IRAN 2016 Banner

    2003 © All rights reserved - AsiaNews C.F. e P.Iva: 00889190153 - GLACOM®