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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 11/26/2014, 00.00

    CHINA

    China, yet another massacre of miners: a fire kills 24 workers in Liaoning



    The fire was caused by a slight earthquake, that ignited accumulated coal dust. The company which operates the mine, the state Fuxin Coal Corporation, has a long history of mining accidents: in 2005, due to the negligence and corruption of its leaders, 214 workers died in another quarry.

    Beijing (AsiaNews) - A fire in a state owned coal mine has killed at least 24 miners from the Hengda Mining Company, in the northeastern province of Liaoning. 52 other workers were injured in the accident, but there is little information about the seriousness of their conditions. It is the latest coal mine massacre, one of the most dangerous sectors in China.

    According to preliminary investigations, the fire was sparked after the coal dust accumulated in the underground tunnels exploded. This explosion was caused by a slight earthquake - magnitude 1.6 - which  directly affected the mine. Rescue operations have ended and production has been suspended.

    The mine was opened in 1987 and has an annual production capacity of 1.5 million tons of coal. It employs a total of 4,660 workers, all salaried by the local government. Although the company is owned by the government, under the Fuxin Coal Corporation in Beijing, the internal security measures seem to have been ignored: several accidents have occurred in the same quarry in recent years, some fatal.

    Fuxin seem uninterested in the safety of their employees. In February 2005, a gas explosion in another mine in Liaoning (again owned by Fuxin) claimed the lives of 214 miners. The investigation later showed that local managers "ignored all the safety and health rules": 33 of them were fired.

    Coal mining is the most dangerous job in all of China, which relies on the fuel for 70% of its energy needs. Despite the central government's rhetoric and promises, which has repeatedly declared it will pace stringent safety measures on mining activities, illegal mines have sprouted throughout the country. Often the owners do not follow safety rules, and send unprepared people with outdated equipment underground.

    According to the latest government statistics, in 2012 1,384 people were killed in mines. In 2011, 1,973 more died, all in accidents in coal mines, a reduction of 19% over the previous year. But human rights groups and Chinese scholars say the figure is much higher: many mine owners, in fact, do not report incidents for fear of economic losses, fines or plant closures.

    Very often local authorities are corrupted by bribes to turn a blind eye to the lack of security policies. Mine closures are, under the new President Xi Jinping, another part of the anti-corruption campaign launched by Communist officials.

     

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    See also

    07/11/2005 CHINA
    Mining executives to go down into the mines
    This directive comes at a time when accidents continue unabated. In Hebei province dozens of miners die in cave-ins in three gypsum mines. Other serious accidents occur in Hunan and Hubei provinces.

    02/12/2005 CHINA
    Heilongjiang mine death toll climbs to 166

    Another five miners are killed in an illegal mine in Hebei



    07/07/2014 CHINA
    Xinjiang, 17 workers die in a coal mine
    The miners were trapped on the evening of July 5 after an explosion caused by a gas leak. The quarry is located 120 km from Urumqi, north-west of the country. The authorities have launched an investigation. China remains the largest consumer of coal in the world; it covers 70% of energy needs.

    31/08/2005 CHINA
    Chinese government orders closure of 7,000 mines
    The authorities order mines to improve safety or shut down for good. Beijing sets up work teams to check on party members who do not get rid of their stakes in mining companies.

    14/01/2008 CHINA
    Beijing: death in mines decrease
    According to the government, the number of deaths in Chinese mines fell by 20% in 2007, for a total death count of 3,800. Independent statistics however account at least 20 thousand deaths a year, never reported to authorities to avoid mine closures.



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