28 March, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 03/04/2005
CHINA
Chinese legislative and consultative institutions (an overview)

Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Tomorrow the Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress opens in Tiananmen Square. It is scheduled to last about two weeks.

In the meantime the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference opened yesterday till March 12.

National People's Congress

The National People's Congress (NPC) is China's highest law-making institution, it has the power to amend the constitution and promulgate laws of 'national significance'.

The 2,985-strong body appoints and dismisses national leaders and government ministers.

Its members come from the country's 31 province-level divisions—22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 special administrative regions (Macau and Hong Kong)—and the military. A small delegation represents Taiwan, which mainland China considers a rebel province, even though none of them live on the island or have been elected by any of the 23 million islanders.

NPC delegates are elected for five years. In principle, any adult over the age of 18 can vote, but often they are simply appointed by provincial officials.

The NPC meets once a year, with a Standing Committee meeting in between the annual plenary sessions to vet laws and perform other duties. The Standing Committee is supported by the Legislative Affairs Commission, as well as three committees, including the Hong Kong Basic Law Committee.

On its annual plenary session the NPC examines the government's economic statement that the Prime Minister submits. It also vets the government's budget, development plan reports as well as proposals from the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.

On the last day of the NPC conference, NPC delegates vote on these reports and proposals.

The current NPC president is Wu Bangguo, 63, a former vice Premier; he is considered the second top ranking member of the Communist Party. 

Mr Wu was elected in 2003 replacing Li Peng.

The Congress is subordinate to the Chinese Communist Party. When voting, delegates normally follow the directives of top party officials; occasionally though, some delegates have vented their frustration by voting against. Still  NPC votes are inconsequential since decisions are taken elsewhere.

The NPC holds its sessions in the Great Hall of the People, next to Tiananmen Square. The Hall was built in 1959 to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China and can welcome up to 10,000 people.

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference

Before the NPC was created in 1954, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) was the highest national body, responsible for the promulgation of legislation crucial to the founding of the People's Republic.

Today, the CPPCC is not a law-making body and it has no power over the appointment of officials. Many of its members are retired government leaders, scholars, experts and private businesspeople, as well as prominent artists and athletes, who mainly play a consultative role to the leadership. The CPPCC chairman is Jia Qinglin.

e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
03/12/2014 CHINA
Communist Party fails to heed Consultative Conference's advice
by Wang Zhicheng
03/13/2013 CHINA
Communist leaders reject Western-style reform
03/03/2008 CHINA
Beijing between admissions and denials on its one-child policy
03/12/2005 CHINA
One criminal suspect in five is a juvenile
03/04/2005 CHINA - NPC 2005
Tight security surrounds annual session of parliament

Editor's choices
IRAN
Time for a deal with Tehran, a reliable partner against the Islamic State group
by Bernardo Cervellera A framework agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue has to be inked by 31 March. US Republicans, Israel and Saudi Arabia are fiercely opposed to it for ulterior motives. Hassan Rouhani wants Iran to come back into the international fold. Tehran is playing a mediating role in the Middle East. For Vatican nuncio, “there is no evidence that Iran is preparing a nuclear bomb.”
CHINA - VATICAN
BREAKING NEWS: Chinese police seize two priests in Mutanjiang
by Bernardo Cervellera
CHINA-VATICAN
Nothing to toast between China and the Vatican: Beijing wants complete control
by Bernardo CervelleraFor the Global Times (the People's Daily) China does not like the "Vietnamese model" of agreed episcopal ordinations. The Chinese Foreign Ministry’s embarrassment in front of the Holy See’s countless efforts. China wants the Vatican to accept all excommunicated bishops and to keep silent on those who are underground and imprisoned. The case of Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang. Without religious freedom, diplomatic relations are pointless. The work of mission and the unity of Catholics in China. A task for Xi Jinping: implement the anti-corruption campaign in the Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Patriotic Association, which have grown rich over the decades on the backs of Christians.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.