Washington (AsiaNews) - Recently, many
scholars within the Communist system talk about two different reforms within
the period between the 1989 June 4 Tiananmen crackdown and Deng Xiaoping's
tour. Before that period, there were
political reforms and economic reforms in parallel; after that period,
political reform has been lagging behind economic reform, which was called lame
In fact, during the so-called era of dual
reform, political reform also encountered a great deal of resistance. Within only one decade, Deng Xiaoping engaged
several campaigns: from the "strike hard movement" to undermine
reform toward a rule of law, to the June 4 Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989. In between, there were several efforts of
"eliminating the spiritual pollution", until two of the
Secretary-Generals of the Communist Party stepped down. Deng's purpose had been to prevent the reform
of the political system.
Now, some well-known people within the
Communist system have been working on some theoretical seminars. Their plot is really to use the already dead
Deng to overpower the living devils.
Their basic tone still draws a blueprint of reform based on the bottom
line of the one party dictatorship of the Communist Party. That is why they are whitewashing for Deng.
Their experimental model seems to be the Guangdong model that has
recently been touted. Some scholars have
pointed out that a major feature of this model is to bring the mass leaders
into the Communist Party system, in order to adjust the mass movement into the
track of the ruling clique of the Communist Party. That plan is to nip the bud of the resistance
movement, in an effort to reach a goal of maintaining stability by breaching
the opposition from within.
Will this plot succeed? I have to laugh at these Communist Party
members for reaching the end of their rope and only repeat a trick taught by
their ancestors: to include the rebel leaders into the Communist Party, as a
way to effectively control them. Mao
Zedong and his wife Jiang Qing used this rotten trick during the Cultural
Revolution period. That trick was not
very effective even back then, in fact, it was a total failure.
During the few years of the Cultural
Revolution, political stars among the rebels changed rapidly. Eventually, they found a political idiot Wang
HongWen, who failed and could accomplish nothing when he was needed. Can you see that the conflicts between the
people and the interest groups of the Communist Party have far surpassed what
they were forty years ago? The number of
people fooled then was totally different that the awakening of the people now. The Communist rulers now do not have the
skill of Mao Zedong to trick the ordinary people, yet want to use the already
outdated means of Mao. There is a saying
called "marking the boat without regard to the changing circumstances of
the river". These Chinese Communist
reformists need to think of this saying while looking in the mirror.
Some people will not be convinced and ask
me back: "So tell me what is the real reform?" I say that with the current situation in China, reform
has to be a revolution. If we do not
have true reform, then there will be a violent revolution. It is very similar to the Arabic countries in
North Africa last year. Everyone is clear in his mind about one
thing: that we must get rid of the one-party dictatorship. Otherwise, we will not be able to go over
this mountain by any other alternative.
Let me penetrate this subject further. The so-called reforms of Deng Xiaoping were
because he realized that the social system of the Communist Party had already
failed, and thus he had to go back to the traditional form of ruling China. In the old China, it was a small-scale
democracy led by local gentlemen and the elite, which kept an authoritarian
rule over the majority of the people.
The central governments were composed of a group of elites concentrated
by a standard of examinations, who then assisted the emperor in decision-making
through the form of parliaments composed of the court and various departments
and supervision departments. It was also
a small-scale democracy that although sometimes got interrupted. This model was more compatible with the
ancient Chinese society, which has a majority made up of common people rather
That system was a little more advanced than
the western world of the same period, wherein in the ruling of serfs was
conducted by an aristocracy and the church.
That is why the Chinese society could be maintained for more than two
thousand years before the advent of modern Western democratic systems. After the emergence of democratic systems in
the West, looking back, its flaws are obvious.
Among Asians and the world, the Chinese people were the first to accept
the thoughts of Western democracy. This
fact is quite related to the traditional small-scale democratic culture in
By the way, the thought of equality before
the law in modern Western legal systems was also inspired by the Chinese legal
culture such as "before law, a crown prince is the same as the common
people", through political thinkers such as Baron de Montesquieu. In the early period of the modern
democratization of the West, the cultural elites were very envious of China's legal
culture and ruling skill. Conversely,
Chinese people are very receptive to Western democracy and legal culture. It has a lot to do with this kind of cultural
So now that the Chinese people have already
learned of the democratic system invented by the Westerners, they will not be
convinced to return to the emperor's method.
In an unforeseen accident of history, the heresy of the Communist Party
led many Chinese people to stray into the wrong path. Further, due to unexpected international
situations and stupid decisions by then American government, the Communist
Party got its opportunity to test their heresy.
From the very beginning, it failed miserably. It only took a few years for Mao Zedong to
fall from a god of the Chinese people to their bane.
The more than 2,000 years of the common
people's social culture resulted in the Chinese being particularly unable to
adapt to a Communist rule that is similar to the European medieval
serfdom. In the initial few years of its
rule, the Communist Party became aware that this problem was very serious. Some people wanted to retreat a half step
toward capitalism, while others believed that the problem was due to an
incomplete implementation of communism.
This is the struggle between lines within the Communist Party during
During this struggle, the completely
communist Mao Zedong had a victory. The
result of him continuing on this path was wide spread indignation and
discontent. The state faced collapse and
had to choose a new path. At that time,
Deng XiaoPing, who did not read books or newspapers but playing bridge all day
long, accidentally usurped the supreme power.
What good idea could he come up with?
To establish a democratic system according to the Chinese people's
century long hope would mean that they must give up the one-party dictatorship. Of course they were not willing to.
So they had to take out that old model of
the ancestors, the small-scale elite democracy implementing an authoritarian
rule over the majority of people. Before
the advent of Western democracy, it was also a ruling method that matched with
a market economy. Its character and shortcomings
are bound to suppress opposition opinion, lack good protection of human rights,
and violate the basic human nature that is constantly pursued by humans since
they separated from the animal world.
Inevitably, the return to the ancestor type
of reform by Deng Xiaoping met its end quickly.
It resulted in intense contradiction and tumultuous popular
discontent. Under the current world
structure, in China
where not just the elite, but also the majority of the people are awakened and
pursuing democracy, playing these outdated tricks is bound to crash. There is no room in Chinese people's minds to
tolerate these tricks anymore. Honestly
conducted democratic revolution is the only feasible way out.
More than 100 years ago, the Chinese people
already prepared themselves to implement the Western style democracy. The winding road has come to an end. History has proven Sun Yat-sen's words:
"History's tide is mighty. Those
who submit to the world trend will prosper, while those who resist shall
perish". Now the Chinese Communist
Party must choose to submit itself to the world trend or to resist. This one party dictatorship needs to choose
to take the initiative to fade like the former Soviet
Union, or to perish like Qaddafi.
The distinction is very large.