27 March, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 10/31/2012
CHINA
Communist think tank tells govt to get rid of one-child policy
Part of the Communist establishment, the China Development Research Foundation wants the government to allow couples to have two children by 2015 and birth limits dropped by 2020, proposals reported by Xinhua.

Beijing (AsiaNews) - A powerful Chinese government think tank is urging the country's leaders to start phasing out its one-child policy immediately and allow two children for every family by 2015, a bold proposal coming from the China Development Research Foundation, which is part of China's Communist establishment.

However, for some demographers, the Foundation's timeline is unfeasible given the size of the population and the rigidity of the current policy. For others, it would be better to implement changes gradually. Even then, little could be done, given the effects of existing limits on having children.

The proposed changes are in a report set for release "in a week or two," the Foundation said. Having received an advanced copy, Xinhua states that the paper recommends a two-child policy in some provinces from this year, a nationwide two-child policy by 2015, and all birth limits dropped by 2020.

"China has paid a huge political and social cost for the policy, as it has resulted in social conflict, high administrative costs and led indirectly to a long-term gender imbalance at birth," said Xinhua, citing the document.

Adopted under Deng Xiaoping at the end of the 1970s, the one-child policy is the basis for China's family planning. It aimed at limiting population growth, but has also generated social imbalances.

In fact, the country is saddled with about 100 million men who are currently unable to find a wife. At the same time, the population is aging fast, and young couples today can expect to maintain a child and six senior citizens over their lifetime.

According to some conservative calculations, the law has killed 200 million people with officials often enforcing the law with violence and heavy handedness, abusing pregnant women and their babies. Recently, such behaviour has been criticised, partly because of the Internet. Here is one example.

It is not clear what the government will do or how it will respond to the Foundation's proposals. As the Communist Party of China prepares to hold its congress on 8 November, which will mark the rise of "fifth generation" of leaders, it is remarkable that such proposals would actually come from within the ranks and this is sending a strong signal.

Gu Baochang, a professor of demography at Beijing's Renmin University, disagrees. For him, the proposed timeline is not aggressive enough. "They should have reformed this policy ages ago," he said.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
03/30/2007 CHINA
Party officials’ careers in jeopardy if they have more than one child
09/18/2004 china
Is Jiang Zemin stepping down?
03/16/2007 CHINA
Consultative Conference: “The government must end the one-child rule”
01/13/2015 CHINA
China, one million families want to have a second child
11/13/2013 CHINA
Scepticism and disappointment over plenum's failure to include democratic reforms

Editor's choices
IRAN
Time for a deal with Tehran, a reliable partner against the Islamic State group
by Bernardo Cervellera A framework agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue has to be inked by 31 March. US Republicans, Israel and Saudi Arabia are fiercely opposed to it for ulterior motives. Hassan Rouhani wants Iran to come back into the international fold. Tehran is playing a mediating role in the Middle East. For Vatican nuncio, “there is no evidence that Iran is preparing a nuclear bomb.”
CHINA - VATICAN
BREAKING NEWS: Chinese police seize two priests in Mutanjiang
by Bernardo Cervellera
CHINA-VATICAN
Nothing to toast between China and the Vatican: Beijing wants complete control
by Bernardo CervelleraFor the Global Times (the People's Daily) China does not like the "Vietnamese model" of agreed episcopal ordinations. The Chinese Foreign Ministry’s embarrassment in front of the Holy See’s countless efforts. China wants the Vatican to accept all excommunicated bishops and to keep silent on those who are underground and imprisoned. The case of Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang. Without religious freedom, diplomatic relations are pointless. The work of mission and the unity of Catholics in China. A task for Xi Jinping: implement the anti-corruption campaign in the Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Patriotic Association, which have grown rich over the decades on the backs of Christians.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.