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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/27/2012, 00.00

    SRI LANKA

    Drought warning in Sri Lanka: 60,000 hectares of cultivated land at risk

    Melani Manel Perera

    The delay of the monsoon rains threatens to destroy rice and other crops in the northern, northwestern and central northern areas of the country. The energy blackouts are starting: the water supplies of the hydroelectric reservoirs are almost exhausted. Agriculture Minister promises state aid.

    Colombo (AsiaNews) - There's a drought warning in Sri Lanka: the delay of the monsoon rains from the northwest has seriously affected the agricultural sector, and threatens to destroy rice paddies and other crops. Even the reservoirs of the hydroelectric power stations are running out of their provisions, causing power blackouts. On 25 June, President Mahinda Rajapaksa participated in a meeting with representatives of the farmers of Mahaweli and Polonnaruwa, among the areas most at risk. According to Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena, the Minister of Agriculture, about 60,700 hectares of arable land are in danger of being destroyed.

    The North Central, Northern and North Western Provinces are the most affected areas. "Many reservoir tanks", the minister explained, "have already dried up, and the crops are destroyed. The state will do its utmost to help the poor peasants."

    According to officials of the Department for irrigation, farmers in Polonnaruwa have left about 3,000 hectares of land uncultivated; in Mahaweli, 6,000 hectares of paddy fields and 20,250 hectares of other crops are close to destruction. The situation of farmers in Eastern Province, instead, is positive; according Abeywardena, "they have handled their water resources well, dedicating themselves also to alternative crops other than rice, which requires large amounts of water."

    Meanwhile, the decrease of water in the hydroelectric tanks has caused an 11.7% drop in the production of energy, to 3.58 GWh. To meet demand, the state is resorting to thermal energy, whose production has risen by 88.3%. According to authorities, this increase in the use of thermal energy risks causing major losses for the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB).

    If the rains were to be further delayed, the National Council for water supply and drainage would be forced to increase electricity blackouts and ration drinking water. 

     

     

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    See also

    25/08/2009 INDIA
    Drought and Famine in India due to scarce monsoons
    The rains during this monsoon season had been scarce, sometime not even half of the normal. Some states had already declared a state of drought. The rice harvest will be 10 millions tons less. The specter of starvation is threatening India.

    20/07/2015 LAOS
    Lao Farmers Devastated by Severe Drought
    The ongoing drought in the Southeast Asian region linked to the El Niño phenomenon. More than 104,000 hectares of freshly planted rice seedlings affected; crops such as sweet corn, sesame and job's tear fruit were also hard hit. Monsoon season could lead to severe flooding and landslides.

    06/04/2010 THAILAND – CHINA – VIETNAM
    Mekong nations meet after 15 years
    The second summit of the Mekong River Commission, which includes Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia, ended yesterday with a joint statement on a common action plan to develop the river. Delegates from Myanmar and China attend the meeting as ‘dialogue partners’. Beijing rejects accusations that its hydropower development is harming the river basin.

    21/08/2009 SRI LANKA
    Going home remains a pipe dream for Tamil refugees
    The government in Colombo blames the slow pace on NGOs tasked with de-mining in areas formerly controlled by the Tamil Tigers. Re-settlement plans should be completed by the end of the year, but many fear that further delays are still possible. In the meantime the monsoon season is making the humanitarian situation in refugee camps even worse.

    19/08/2009 SRI LANKA
    Sri Lanka: monsoon hits refugee camps, risk of disease and deaths
    The first rains have damaged or destroyed 2 thousand shelters: 10 thousand people without shelter or sanitation. The most affected centre is Manik Farm in which around 280 thousand refugees are housed. Five deaths and latrines out of use with the risk of pollution of drinking water and the spread of diseases.



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