28 June 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 09/15/2014, 00.00

    TURKEY

    Erdogan's new Turkey to requires all students to study the Qur'an

    NAT da Polis

    School reform begins this year by introducing compulsory Islamic religious education to all grades, including Arabic, to help students understand the Qur'an. For 200,000 Syrian Christian refugees in Turkey, this will be a problem.

    Istanbul (AsiaNews) - Turkey's newly elected President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, aided by his faithful new Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, begins his term of office with a major overhaul of the country's education system.

    Although adopted a year ago, the reform plan, which has largely gone unnoticed, begins this year and extends Islamic religious education to all school grades. Only religious high schools (Imam Hatip Lisesi) offered such an education as part of their training programme for the country's Muslim clergy. At the same time, the reform extends compulsory schooling from Grade 8 to Grade 12.

    Erdogan's new Turkey, which plans to celebrate the centenary of the secular Turkish Republic founded by Kemal Ataturk in 2023, is making Islamic religious education compulsory in both primary and secondary school, for 12 grades. Until recently, the latter was available only in religious high schools starting in Grade 9.

    Another significant change is that religious school graduates can now apply to university faculties that train students for top public administration positions. Even Turkey's current president, who studied Business Administration and not political science, was kept out because he was graduate of a religious school.

    It seems clear that the school system AKP leaders dream about and planned for is inspired by existing religious high schools.  

    The next step in the reform involves teaching Arabic, even as a second language, to enable students to understand the Qur'an, as Turkish lacks words that help understand the Holy Book.

    However, Turkey's Armenian and Orthodox schools are not required to provide Islamic religious education to their students who number 2,000 and 250 respectively.

    By contrast, those who do not want to attend public schools to avoid religious education will have to go to private schools, which are a privilege of the wealthy because of high tuition fees.

    People have to get used to the idea that 52 per cent of Turks, plus another 10 per cent from the ultranationalist Turkish party, believe in Erdogan's Islam, this according to the newspaper Radikal.

    Recently in Anatolia, a local school principal, whose tasks also includes assigning students to classes, required Jewish students to register for Islamic religious courses because of their Turkish-sounding names.

    Historically in fact, many Jews (and members of other ethnic groups and religions) chose to Turkify and Islamise their names and surnames out of sheer need for survival in view of the rules established following the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923, based on the notion that Turkey was ethnically homogenous as a Turkish and Muslim nation.

    Following an outcry from world Jewish leaders, Turkish authorities suspended the measure in the case of Turkish Jews.

    However, many wonder about what will happen to the 200,000 Christian refugees from Syria who are at present in Turkey and their children who will soon start school in Turkey.

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    See also

    27/02/2010 TURKEY
    Pyrrhean truce between Erdogan and the Turkish army
    The Beyloz affair involves high ranking figures of the army, held responsible along with members of the judiciary and bureaucracy of the non-democratic drift in the country. With the support of some sections of the armed forces, Erdogan seems to want to change the constitution in a more democratic direction. He seeks the support of the EU.

    10/06/2011 TURKEY
    From Kemal Ataturk to Erdogan. Turkey votes on June 12
    It will be the most important election in modern Turkish history. Favourite: Tayyip Erdogan's AKP party which aims to reap the fruits of the changes created in the country. Polls forecast the Kemalists will be separated by about 20 percentage points. Military sees power greatly reduced.

    10/09/2010 TURKEY
    Turkey faces crucial referendum on democratic future
    Sunday's vote for a package of constitutional reforms, which, if approved, could remove what remains of the state desired by Kemal Ataturk. The campaign has been transformed into a vote for or against the government. Polls give a narrow victory to the Yes camp. The possible consequences.

    13/06/2011 TURKEY
    Erdogan wins elections, but victory not as big as he hoped for
    The Justice and Development Party fails to secure the 330 seats needed to call a constitutional reform. The Republican People's Party makes gains, as the Nationalist Movement Party holds on to its core support. “The people gave us a message to build the new constitution through consensus and negotiation,” Erdogan said.

    13/09/2010 TURKEY
    Turkey moves closer to Europe after Yes victory in referendum
    The result, more favourable than polls anticipated , shows the willingness of people to embark on a "normal" parliamentary democracy. Even some opposition supporters voted Yes. Erdogan, who sees a confirmation in the 2011elections, must now reveal his true intentions.



    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    Vatican silence over Shanghai’s Mgr Ma Daqin causing confusion and controversy

    Bernardo Cervellera

    For some, Mgr Ma’s blog post praising the Patriotic Association and acknowledging his mistakes is nothing but “dirt”. For others, he chose humiliation for the “sake of his diocese”. Many wonder why the Holy See has remained silent about the article’s content and the bishop’s persecution. Some suspect the Vatican views the episode in positive terms. Yet, the Ma Daqin affair raises a major question. Has Benedict XVI’s Letter to Chinese Catholics (which describes the Patriotic Association as “incompatible with Catholic doctrine”) been abolished? If it has, who did it? A journey of compromises without truth is full of risks.


    CHINA – VATICAN
    Mgr Ma Daqin: the text of his “confession”

    Mons. Taddeo Ma Daqin

    Four years after quitting the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, the bishop of Shanghai “admits” his faults on his blog, praising the organisation that controls the Church. We publish his article, almost in its entirety. Translation by AsiaNews.


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