(AsiaNews) - Beijing is prepared to give the Vatican a voice and share in
episcopal appointments. Indeed, the Holy See would be granted the right choose
between two candidates proposed by the State Administration for Religious
however is adamant about the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association (CCPA), the
Communist Party agency that controls Church activities, whose raison d'être -
to build a Church independent of Rome - is "incompatible with Catholic
doctrine," Pope Benedict XVI said in his Letter to Chinese Catholics states.
The aforementioned proposal is not relayed in an official diplomatic letter,
but in an article published by the Global
Times, an English-language close to the People's
Daily, the official mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist Party.
The article in question quotes an "an anonymous source close to the
negotiations" who talked to Hong Kong-based newspaper Wen Wei Po about this overture.
According to the source, prospective episcopal candidates may be elected
by diocesan committees, their names given to the Council of Chinese bishops and
SARA, which in turn would communicate with the Vatican for consecration, if
there is a consensus between the two (SARA and the Holy See). Another
possibility would be for the Vatican choose between two candidates.
The Holy See has never been unwilling to find an agreed way for choosing
episcopal candidates, provided that the last word remains with the pope.
Benedict XVI himself, in the letter cited above (nº 9), called for an agreement
with the government on choosing and appointing bishops and on getting them
recognised by civil authorities.
He also notes
that "the appointment of Bishops for a particular religious community is
understood, also in international documents, as a constitutive element of the
full exercise of the right to religious freedom".
Likewise, the pope, when he issues the apostolic mandate for the ordination of a Bishop,
exercises his supreme spiritual authority. As such, it is not a question of a "political
authority, unduly asserting itself in the internal affairs of a State".
same time, the article steadfastly defended the Chinese Catholic Patriotic
Association, noting that "The
Vatican seems to hope for more agreements beyond bishop ordination, such as
cancelling the CCPA. But that doesn't appear likely".
To bolster this view position, the paper cited Yan Kejia, the director of the Institute of
Religious Studies at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, who said, "The CCPA is a result of Catholic
development in China and a historic legacy".
The CCPA is indeed part of Maoism "historic legacy". Set up by
Mao himself in 1958, it controls the Catholic Church, following the expulsion
of all foreign missionaries and the imprisonment of many bishops and priests
who wanted to preserve the spiritual link with the pope.
Since China underwent major modernisations and changes, the institution
that controls and runs the life of Christian communities has never been
touched. Its statutes and ideals call for the establishment of a Church independent
of the Holy See, and adapt the Church to socialism (i.e. the party).
As such, it is "incompatible with Catholic doctrine", as Pope
Benedict XVI's said in his Letter of (nº 7). Therefore, it must be dismantled for
future diplomatic relations between China and the Holy See.
Many Chinese bishops also want the Church to be free from CCPA control and
that the latter be stripped of its Catholic label or PLACED under episcopal
control rather than the other way round.
One may wonder then why the Global
Times article steadfastly and repeatedly defended the CPCA; however, that
should not be at all surprising.
In small gestures, China and the Vatican have shown some overture to
each other. Pope Francis Xi Jinping have exchanged messages and Beijing has authorised
the plane carrying the pope to and from Korea to fly over its airspace.
On his flight back
from Korea, the pontiff used the occasion to say that the Church only "seeks
freedom for her mission, for her work; no other condition."
on to say, "We must not forget that fundamental document for the Chinese
problem which was the Letter
to the Chinese written by Pope Benedict XVI. That Letter is still timely today. And if Benedict XVI's letter is
still timely, the CPCA is still incompatible with Catholic doctrine.
By the same token, the CPCA is also incompatible with the
anti-corruption campaign launched by the Chinese president. By controlling the Church's
assets and institutions, its top officials, especially its honorary president and
undisputed leader for decades, Anthony Liu Bainian, have without problems taken
buildings and money from the dioceses.
It is estimated that local leaders have earned some 130 billion yuan (about
US$ 16 billion) in business dealings involving Church assets under Communist
It is likely that CCPA insiders are behind the article in the Global Times in order to deflect the anti-corruption
campaign by defending the agency's "historic legacy".
If Xi Jinping really wants a China without corruption, he might consider
getting rid of such a cumbersome legacy, which undermines all the ideals that
he has been preaching.