» 05/31/2013, 00.00
JAPAN - AFRICA
Japan competing with China for Africa trade
In 2011, China's trade with Africa reached 138.9 billion dollars, five times Japan's. Tokyo needs oil, rare earths and markets for its vehicles and high tech. Its aid includes agricultural projects, technical training, and maritime security off the coast of Somalia.
Tokyo (AsiaNews/Agencies) - The Japanese capital will host an
International Conference on African Development on 1-3 June, organised by the
government of Shinzo Abe.
More than 50 African leaders will attend the meeting, which is held
every five years and is one of the biggest events on its kind.
Japan's prime minister is expected to meet personally at least 40
leaders, in order to enhance his country's trade with the continent hitherto
dominated by the Chinese.
Africa's economic growth is luring Japanese exporters, and Tokyo wants
to tap into the continent's vast natural gas and oil reserves after the 2011
Fukushima disaster led to the closing of its nuclear plants.
So far, China has taken advantage of the continent's potential with its companies
fuelling China-Africa trade to the tune of US$ 138.6 billion in 2011, nearly
five times Japan's commerce with the continent, this according to Foreign Ministry
Currently, Japan buys metals and energy from Africa and exports vehicles
and machinery. Now
the government wants to buy rare earths to end its dependence on China, the
world's leading supplier of these minerals, and is willing to offer assistance in
the high-tech sector, especially to South Africa.
However, as it battles a major economic crisis, Japan has been focused
on domestic affairs. Since
coming to power six months ago, Shinzo Abe has in fact not visited a single
African country. By
comparison, Chinese President Xi Jinping, who took office in March, has already
visited Tanzania and the Republic of Congo, reiterating a pledge for US$ 20
billion in loans.
At the three-day summit, Shinzo Abe will reiterate an early pledge on agricultural
development projects and technical training in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as help
to enhance maritime security off the coast of Somalia.
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China, Africa should talk human rights, not just trade
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Pledges and money underpin Sino-African economic and political alliance
New contracts are signed and strategies are laid out as the Chinese giant and the world's poorest continent concluded their summit yesterday in Beijing. In addition to establishing 'neo-colonial' relations, China wants to establish the diplomatic ties with the last five African states that still recognise Taiwan.
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Tensions between Beijing and Tokyo start to let up
Koizumi apologises to Asia for the past crimes of the Japanese army. Hu Jintao bans anti-Japanese demonstrations.
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