29 September 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/30/2012, 00.00

    EGYPT

    "Lights and Shadows" of Mohammed Morsi’s oath in Tahrir Square



    The spokesman of the Egyptian Church notes “positive and negative." First, Morsi addresses "his" people and not all of Egypt. Negative because of the request for the release of a terrorist. Among the elements of hope, the will to unite "Muslims and Christians." And he warns that behind the superficial and "sentimental" worlds lurk "problems" between the president and military.

    Cairo (AsiaNews) - The oath of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi in front of "his" people, gathered in Tahrir Square in Cairo, contains lights and shadows, "positive and negative" elements. Now, we must "wait and see" future developments, especially in the power struggle "behind the scenes" with the army, to understand who will really hold power. Speaking to AsiaNews Fr. Greiche Rafiq, spokesman for the Egyptian Catholic Church, which outlines several  "interesting" elements in yesterday's speech by the new head of state. Morsi was acclaimed by a cheering crowd of tens of thousands of supporters who rushed into the square that was the symbol of revolt against the Mubarak regime and the military's power. He managed to inflame the minds of his supporters with blatant gestures, such as when he unbuttoned his shirt, showing he was not wearing a bullet-proof vests. "Because - said the Muslim leader - I fear only God."


    Mohammed Morsi is scheduled to take his oath later this morning before the Constitutional Supreme Court and the state institutions. From this moment he is formally conferred with the powers vested in the office, after the victory at the polls last week the Muslim Brotherhood candidate. Afterwards, the Egyptian president is expected at Cairo University, where he will deliver a speech - yet another in a few days - last stop, an army base for the transfer of power from the military. However, the events of today seem only a corollary to the central event - both political and personal - that took place yesterday: Morsi was sworn in as new head of state before the crowd of supporters, who packed into Tahrir Square. He told them he would not give up "the powers conferred by them" - despite the army moves in recent days to curtail the functions of the President - and foster the ideal of a "civil and nationalist" nation.

    Commenting on Mohammed Morsi's words, spokesman for the Egyptian Catholic Church focuses on "lights and shadows", starting from the oath "in Tahrir Square in front of his people, even before the formal act" today in the presence of the institutions of the country . For Fr. Greiche this is a "negative" factor, because he took the oath yesterday in the square in front of his supporters" who are not "the whole population of Egypt." Added to this tension "with the Military Council", exacerbated in the last hours: "To swear in the street, before your people - said the priest - before the institutions", is in some way a promise of "fidelity to the supporters, to your group before the entire nation of Egypt. " Another "downside" is the request for the release or the promise to negotiate the release of Omar Abdul Rahman, considered the instigator of the first attack on the Twin Towers in New York in 1993.

    However, the spokesman of the Egyptian Church also points to some "positive" aspects contained in the speech, from the fact that he did not refer to people speaking of "my people", using an Arabic word often abused in the past. Instead, he reiterated what was mentioned in recent days: the purpose of being president "of all" Egyptians, "Muslims and Christians", emphasizing the value of the minority, as well as the promise for the appointment of a Christian and a woman the vice-presidency. Fr. Greiche also cites the passage in which he Morsi recalled the value "of artists and arts", the importance of writers, film and culture. To strengthen the country's economy, he adds, the reference to "tourism" as a key driver of the nation and its growth.

    However, a last and perhaps most important element remains, to better understand future developments in Egypt and power relations within it. The spokesman of the Catholic Church points out that "going beyond the sentimental speeches of the president," we must assess the nature of the relationship with the military and what differences may emerge in the near future. "If they continue like this - warns Fr. Greiche - we will soon have problems."

    Meanwhile on social networks Egyptians are following comments on the oath scheduled for today and the fact that there will be no live coverage. There are hundreds of Twitter posts, some of them ironic regarding the mood of Army head General Tantawi. What is certain is that lack of coverage of his oath before the institutions today, compared to the wide echo of the speech and oath in the square yesterday, are not good omens for Egypt's new post- military presidency and Morsi. (JL)

     

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    See also

    21/11/2011 EGYPT
    Egypt: Military confirms elections will take place November 28
    Despite the bloody battles of the weekend in Tahrir Square Supreme Council of the Armed Forces decided that the vote will take place as planned on November 28. Arrested the only female candidate for president, Bothaina Kamel.

    22/11/2011 EGYPT
    Egypt in the eye of the storm. Today the "march of a million" against the Military Council
    The civilian government submits resignation, after police violence in Tahrir Square, but yet to be accepted. The opposition demands that the Supreme Council of the armed forces hands over authority to civilians.

    09/04/2011 EGYPT
    Clashes between soldiers and demonstrators in Cairo, 2 dead, 15 wounded. Sit-in in Tahrir Square
    Campaigners calling for the resignation of the leader of the Military Council, Tantawi, Minister of Defence for 20 years with Mubarak, the transfer of power to a civilian Council, and the prosecution of the "rais". The square, symbol of the Jasmine Revolution, once again occupied by demonstrators.

    27/06/2012 EGYPT
    Mohammed Morsi meets Catholic bishops in Cairo
    The meeting was held this morning at the presidential palace. The president-elect stressed that he will do everything to solve the problems of the Egyptian Church. Spokesman for the Egyptian Catholic Church: "This is a good sign for the future of Christians in Egypt."

    13/10/2012 EGYPT
    Cairo, Young Democrats and Muslim Brotherhood clash. Hundreds of wounded
    The two demonstrations took place simultaneously in the historic Tahrir Square. The situation degenerated when a group of Islamists attacked the stage of the young liberals with stones, Molotov cocktails and pellet guns. The young liberal parties protest against the Constituent Assembly dominated by Islamists. The Muslim Brotherhood against the acquittal of 24 members of the former regime of Mubarak, the alleged perpetrators of the "battle of the camels."



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