21 February 2018
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  • » 07/23/2016, 10.08


    Mesopotamian Marshes Unesco heritage site. Mar Sako: archeology worth more than oil

    Joseph Mahmoud

    The Chaldean Patriarch welcomes the inclusion of three archaeological sites and four natural areas among World Heritage Sites. Part of the new sites are located in the site of the biblical Garden of Eden. Sako appeals to institutions: to protect this patrimony we need "peace and stability."

    Baghdad (AsiaNews) - The Chaldean Patriarch Mar Raphael Louis Sako has expressed "the most sincere congratulations" and the "best wishes" to the Iraqi people for the inclusion of some Iraqi archaeological and natural sites on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

    In the note, sent to AsiaNews, His Beatitude cites "the swamp of Ur of the Chaldeans, Eridu and Uruk" among the new UNESCO sites. "This - he added - is a great achievement, because [for Iraq] archeology is an asset" and in terms of generating revenue Tourism can surpass oil and could be the real, great asset to help revive the country, if peace is established.

    On 17 July in Istanbul (Turkey), in conjunction with the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, the Organization United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has chosen 21 new sites to be included among the World Heritage Sites.

    Most of these are in Asia and the Middle East; in particular, China continues to rise through the ranks and is now second in the world for number of sites, but still distant from Italy which leads with 51.

    The new UNESCO sites in Iraq are located in the area where, according to the Bible, the Garden of Eden was located. After four years of meetings, campaigns, promotions and open letters, the UN body's leaders have decided to include marshes of what was once Mesopotamia among the world heritages. The inclusion regards seven elements: the three archaeological sites in the cities of Uruk, Ur and Eridu Tell (the ruins of the Sumerian cities and settlements that developed in southern Mesopotamia between the fourth and third centuries BC) and four natural areas. It is a unique complex from the cultural and environmental point of view, the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which over the millennia has created a vital ecosystem for the country.

    The site is home to a remarkable biodiversity which in the 1950s measured almost 9 thousand square kilometers. Saddam Hussein almost destroyed the area persecuting the local inhabitants - the Marsh Arabs - and draining a large portion. Now the swamp area has recovered 40% of its original extension, and the government aims to reach up to 6 thousand km2 extension.

    Welcoming the UNESCO experts decision, the Chaldean Patriarch has called on Iraqi politicians, the government and all the institutions "to preserve" the touristic, historical, natural and archaeological heritage of the country. Mar Sako warns that protecting "the relics and sites that are located all over the country, to maintain intact their value and national history". And  "peace and stability" are fundamental to accomplish this, he concludes.

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    See also

    23/12/2008 THAILAND
    Thailand, UNESCO prize for princess Sirindhorn
    The recognition has been bestowed on her for the project to restore the canal of Ampawa. The area, 72 kilometers south of Bangkok, is renowned for its agricultural tourism, and its more than 300 canals. The commitment of the royal family to protect the environment and natural resources.

    07/12/2016 11:37:00 UAE - IRAQ
    Chaldean Patriarch: Save Iraq's cultural heritage threatened by war

    In Abu Dhabi the international conference dedicated to the preservation of cultural heritage in conflict areas. The goal is to collect 100 million to finance projects and initiatives. Unesco: Protection of heritage as "global strategy against hatred and extremism." Mar Sako: "Urgent need for decisive action by the international community" in cooperation with the Iraqi government.


    06/07/2013 IRAQ
    Chaldean Patriarchate to restore ancient manuscripts, rebuild Christian future
    Mar Sako's initiative is set to restore and return to the public ancient copies of the Sacred Scripture, liturgy, literature and poetry. Such "priceless" heritage laid in a state of neglect. Now, a team of experts led by a Dominican priest is in charge of the work. In an age of divisions, the past can serve as a guide for a better future.

    10/07/2004 Unesco
    Wonders of nature and Asian art are now World Heritage sites

    Some sites in Iraq, Afghanistan and China in danger. Cambodia and Oman no longer on "blacklist".

    14/07/2015 IRAQ
    Baghdad, Christians kidnapped and killed. Chaldean Patriarchate asks for protection and security
    In the last two weeks four community members were kidnapped in the capital; for two of them their kidnapping ended with the death, despite the payment of ransom. In a statement the Patriarchate denounces deteriorating security and appeals to the government for the protection of persons and their property.

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