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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 05/05/2014, 00.00

    TURKEY

    Motion to transform Hagia Sophia into a mosque: Conquest of Constantinople a national holiday and the rise of Erdogan

    NaT da Polis

    The ruling AKP party’s infamous project to regain Turkish Muslims votes and presidency for Erdogan. The Ecumenical Patriarchate refuses to "barter" for opening of Halki Theological School. West only concerned with gas pipelines; in Turkey no one dares to voice any criticism.

    Istanbul ( AsiaNews) - A little-known independent deputy from the Burdur district, Hami Yildirim, has filed a motion in the Turkish parliament to transform the Istanbul Hagia Sophia museum into a mosque. The Hagia Sophia is known to all as an architectural masterpiece, a symbol of united Christendom, built by Emperor Justinian in 537 AD.

    The news was broken by Haber Turk and so far has not been denied. On the contrary, there are other worrying signs: a few days ago, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan expressed his desire to celebrate an Islamic function in Santa Sofia on 29 May, the day that commemorates the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmet II.

    The motion of the unknown Yildirim will have to go through a series of stages: approval in parliament, where Erdogan's party, the AKP, holds the majority (325 seats out of 550); publication in the Official Gazette; entry into force following the ratification of the Premier.

    It is interesting to note that the resolution is being proposed exactly 80 years after Kemal Ataturk's decision in 1934 that turned the Hagia Sophia into a museum: almost a symbol of change in Turkey, from a secular country to Muslim country. And in fact, the reasons expressed in the motion are historical in nature and centered on the conquest of Constantinople by the Conqueror Mohammed II, who - as Yildirim states in his motion - was the first to pray according to Islamic rituals, after the conquest of the city, May 29, 1453.

    This anniversary is becoming increasingly popular in Turkey, celebrated as a success, even though the newspaper Sabah notes that the event recalls, "that we are strangers in this land".

    According to sources in Istanbul Muslim leaders and personalities from around the world will be invited to celebrations for the transformation of the church into a mosque. According to the same sources, the Hagia Sophia will have a dual role of mosque (for the prayer of nazim and Kurban Bayram and seker) and museum. In short, like the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.

    The news, of course, is quite worrying.  Moreover it is indicative of the general climate and current political situation that exists in Turkey, which is also by no means reassuring. Erdogan 's arrogance seems to know no limits. Having averted damage in the last elections - dogged by the scandals of widespread corruption which erupted on December 17 last and involved families of AKP members and that of the Prime Minister - he has now set his sights on the presidency, ahead of the August elections.

    These elections will be by direct universal suffrage. However, Erdogan does not seem to enough votes. Going on the figures from the last vote, he is short by 5% . This is why he finds himself having to appeal to the lowest levels of Turkish society who have always identified being Turkish with Islam.

    Another important fact that strikes the observer is the following: in the history of Turkish political affairs, it is no coincidence that every time an important motion is tabled, it is always made ​​by a little-known and independent deputy, to be able to probe the possible internal and external reactions to the motion presented.

    The "external reactions", are those of the western world in general and the "Christian" world in particular, who are familiar with the geopolitical and strategic importance of Turkey, a veritable hub of gas pipelines from various sources , which have become even more important today in attempts to limit Russian dominance.

    To help swallow the bitter pill of the Hagia Sophia's transformation into a mosque, the AKP government is preparing to offer the reopening of the Halki Theological School unjustly closed in 1971 by the Turkish government, a highly acclaimed "trade" by Western politicians.

    However, the Ecumenical Patriarchate has always opposed this option. Indeed, the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew has always opposed the transformation of Hagia Sophia into a mosque.

    Regarding internal reactions, any comment is now banned in Turkey. In this part of the world silence is a must.

     

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    See also

    07/04/2009 TURKEY – UNITED STATES
    In Turkey Obama turns the page but does not dispel every doubt
    During his visit US president signals his support for Turkish membership in the European Union, the dialogue of civilisations and better relations with Islam. Armenian and Kurdish issues are put on the backburner. Some protests take place and some criticism is voiced.

    27/02/2014 TURKEY
    Erdogan's mad idea for president: turning Hagia Sophia into a mosque
    Made many times but never kept, the promise to reopen the Halki Theological School is another of the prime minister's mad ideas. So far, his ambitions have been hampered by his own authoritarian streak, allegations of corruption made against him, and the Gezi Park protest movement. Now Erdogan's aim is to get at least 40 per cent of the vote in next month's elections.

    30/08/2013 TURKEY
    Persistent rumours suggest Hagia Sophia will be turned into a mosque
    Two other churches in Nicaea and Trebizond that served as museums have already been converted into mosques. With Hagia Sophia in Constantinople as the symbol of Ottoman conquest, Erdogan's neo-Ottoman plans need such a symbol to cover up Turkey's economic and social crises. For Bartholomew I, Hagia Sophia could only reopen to worship as a Christian church.

    11/11/2011 TURKEY
    Erdogan's religious acrobatics: Nicaea council church back to being a mosque
    The church of Aghia Sophia in Nicaea (Izmit), in which the 787 Council was held, was used as a museum. A controversial decision by the Directorate General of Religious Affairs transforms it into a Muslim place of worship. Erdogan' contents Islamic sectors of society.

    07/01/2015 TURKEY
    Female suicide bomber blows herself up in a police station near the Blue Mosque
    One agent was killed and another was seriously injured. It is the second attack carried out in the city in roughly a week. Regarding the bomber, who died in the explosion, nothing is yet known, and there are no claims, but the finger is being pointed at a group from the extreme left.



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