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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 10/14/2010, 00.00

    CHINA

    Party members call for an end to press censorship, backing Wen Jiabao

    Wang Zhicheng

    Former top officials directly attack propaganda department, which censors the media, including speeches by China’s prime minister on political reforms. The betrayal of the constitution (which guarantees press freedom) is a “shame” and a “scandal”.

    Beijing (AsiaNews) – A group of former high-ranking political and cultural officials published an open letter calling for an end to media censorship on the mainland, which they deem “unconstitutional”. The letter was made public just a few days before the Central Committee of the Communist Party is set to meet, tomorrow.

    The letter, signed by 23 former top ranking officials including Li Rui, a former Mao secretary, was addressed to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress; it demands a new law on freedom of the press and an end to party-imposed stops and taboos.

    Quoting from the 1982 Chinese constitution, which formally guarantees freedom of the press, and President Hu Jintao himself at the start of his term in office, the letter calls the lack of freedom a “scandal in the history of world democracy”.

    It even says that freedom of the press was greater in Hong Kong under British colonial rule than in China today. It notes that the censorship system in the mainland puts China behind Britain by 315 years and France by 129 years.

    To illustrate its point, it notes a number of glaring examples that should put to shame a society that claims to have “socialist democracy” with Chinese characteristics.

    For example, the first example involves Li Rui who recently had an essay he had written for the People’s Daily in 1981 censored. “What kind of country is this? I want to cry it out: the press must be free! Such strangling of the people's freedom of expression is entirely illegal!"

    A second example, even more obvious, is the censoring of some speeches Prime Minister Wen Jiabao delivered in Shenzhen and the United States on the necessity of political reforms in China (see “Shenzhen, political reforms and the ambiguities of Wen Jiabao and Hu Jintao,” in AsiaNews, 9 July 2010). In both cases, newspapers and Xinhua did not report Wen’s remarks.

    The letter blames the “invisible hands” of the central propaganda department, which “Right now [. . .] is placed above the central committee of the Communist party, and above the state council. We would ask, what right does the central propaganda department have to muzzle the speech of the premier? What right does it have to rob the people of our nation of their right to know what the premier said?”

    The signatories, whose number has swelled to 500, demand a new law on press freedom, based on the principle of legal responsibility of journalists rather than the use of preventive censorship on security grounds.

    They also want media products and books from Hong Kong and Macau be allowed to circulate freely and openly in the mainland.  

    Similarly, they propose to change the mission of the propaganda department, from censorship and manipulation of online and print news, defender of corrupt members of the government, to that of supporter of the press and partisan of accuracy, so as to stop the closure of papers, the firing of writers and editors, the arrest of journalists, etc.

    Here is the list of 23 signatories:

    Li Rui, former deputy head of the CCP Organisation Department/former secretary for Mao Zedong

    Hu Jiwei, former editor-in-chief of People's Daily

    Yu You, former deputy editor-in-chief of China Daily

    Li Pu, former vice-president of Xinhua News Agency

    Zhong Peizhang, former chief of News Bureau of the CCP Central Propaganda Department

    Jiang Ping, former President of China University of Political Science and Law

    Zhou Shaoming, former deputy director of political department of Guangzhou Military Command

    Zhang Zhongpei, former head of Palace Museum; head of council of Archaeological Society of China

    Du Guang, professor of the Central Party School

    Guo Daohui, former editor-in-chief, China Legal Science Magazine

    Xiao Mo, former head of the Institute of Architectural Art of China Art Academy

    Zhuang Puming, former vice-president, People's Publishing House

    Hu Fuchen, former editor-in-chief, China Worker Publishing House

    Zhang Ding, former president of Social Sciences Academic Press of China Academy of Social Sciences

    Ouyang Jin, editor-in-chief of Pacific Magazine in Hong Kong

    Yu Haocheng, former president of Qunzhong Press

    Zhang Qing, former president of China Film Publishing House

    Yu Yueting, former president of Fujian TV station

    Sha Yexin , former president, Shanghai People's Art Theatre, author

    Sun Xupei, former president of Journalism Institute of China Academy of Social Sciences

    Xin Ziling, former director of Contemporary China Editorial Bureau under the National Defence University

    Tie Liu, editor of private publication The Past with Traces, author

    Wang Yongcheng, professor of Shanghai Jiaotong University

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    See also

    18/02/2006 CHINA
    Intellectuals tell Hu Jintao: "We are worried about freedom of speech"

    In an open letter, a group of 13 academics expressed their views about the "worrying situation of the freedom of speech and academic freedom in China". "The government should realise that allowing people to talk can only help to understand them better."



    27/12/2012 CHINA
    China, intellectuals to government: "Enough censorship, uphold rule of law"
    A group of 71 professors and analysts nationwide asks the party to stop political interference in national courts and stop the censorship on the internet. The promoter: "We are not asking for anything that is contrary to the wishes of the government, but we have to do so sooner rather than later or end up in social chaos". But the situation remains unchanged: summary arrests and deaths in prison are increasingly on the agenda.

    25/03/2016 09:43:00 CHINA
    20 arrested over letter asking for resignation of "Comrade Xi Jinping"

    According to local sources, the authorities detained for "questioning" several journalists of the para-state Wujie News site, where a text calling for the president to resign was published. Reporter Jia Jia, the first to be arrested, less involved.

     



    15/02/2006 CHINA
    Mao biographer against Beijing censorship

    The secretary of Mao and the former chief of the Propaganda Department are among 13 ex Communist officials who have urged the government to self-criticism and called upon it to reopen the Bingdian Weekly, shut down last month. They write: ""History proves that only an autocratic system needs a clamp on the press and wants to blind the masses forever."



    25/01/2010 CHINA
    Communist leaders call for a review of Liu Xiaobo’s conviction
    Four senior Communist Party officials call on the government to reverse the sentence against the activist and Charter 08 author. Past Nobel Peace Prize laureates call on Nobel committee to give the Chinese dissident this year’s award.



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