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    » 10/02/2008, 00.00

    AZERBAIJAN - TURKEY - ARMENIA

    Peace in Nagorno-Karabakh a condition for Armenia's participation in Nabucco pipeline



    If Armenia is more "flexible", and reaches an agreement with Azerbaijan, it could be involved in the pipeline that Europe wants to lay from the Caspian Sea to Austria. Turkey is highly active, interested in increasing trade in the southern Caucasus.

    Baku (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Hopes are rising for an agreement by 2008 on the region of Nagorno-Karabakh, after the meeting of delegates from Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Armenia in New York on September 26. Although there have been no immediate results, there is growing speculation that Ankara and Baku are offering Armenia the possibility of participating in the Nabucco oil pipeline, if the conflict can be stopped.

    Until now, Armenia has insisted on the independence of the region, most of the inhabitants of which are Armenian. But in November of 2007, mediators between the two countries proposed ending the conflict immediately and delaying a decision on the status of the area until a future referendum.

    Elhan Shahinoglu, director of the Atlas political research center, tells the news agency Eurasianet that Azerbaijan can accept Armenian participation in Nabucco if the country is "fairly flexible" about Karabakh. This view is shared by the Turkish analyst Sinan Ogan, who on September 19 told the radio network Voice of America, immediately after U.S. vice president Dick Cheney's visit to Baku, that there is "serious conjecture about involving Armenia in the project": although Turkey and Azerbaijan "were against this at the beginning, the participation of Armenia now seems possible".

    Turkish president Abdullah Gul, while repeating that Armenia must liberate as soon possible the Azerbaijani territory occupied after the war that ended in 1994, said on September 10 that this "would encourage very efficient economic cooperation in the region. Pipelines and transport communications would cover the entire Caucasus region".

    The European Union is sponsoring the Nabucco oil pipeline project, from Baku on the Caspian Sea through Georgia and Turkey, continuing to Austria, to transport energy from central Asia while bypassing Russia.

    The situation has become more complicated following the war in Georgia, and the cooling of relations between the United States and Russia, both of which are highly interested in the future status of the southern Caucasus. Experts maintain that Moscow is not in favor of a rapid solution of the dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh, which would favor the normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia, and could involve Yerevan in the Nabucco project. But the experience of Georgia is prompting the sides to seek a rapid solution. This could emerge immediately after the presidential election in Azerbaijan on October 15, which all believe that current president Ilham Aliyev will win. (PB)

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    See also

    04/09/2008 GEORGIA - AZERBAIJAN - USA
    Cheney in Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine to reinforce alliances under pressure
    Extensive assurances of support and a billion dollars in aid for Georgia, to continue collaboration with countries crucial to energy security. Meanwhile, Moscow seeks other countries to recognize the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

    11/05/2010 AZERBAIJAN – TURKEY – RUSSIA
    Nabucco or South Stream, the battle over energy transit to Europe is on
    The European Union wants Nabucco, a gas pipeline from Central Asia that bypasses Russia. Moscow wants to revive interest in the South Stream gas pipeline to retain its place as Europe’s main energy supplier. Construction in both pipeline projects is ready to go.

    05/05/2006 KAZAKHSTAN – UNITED STATES – EUROPEAN UNION
    Cheney in Kazakhstan to boost gas pipeline plan that bypasses Russia
    Trans-Caspian sub-sea gas route is planned. The US and the EU want to avoid routing energy supplies through Russia.

    20/04/2011 AZERBAIJAN
    Nabucco may finally get underway in 2011
    After the preliminary agreement in January between Barroso and Azerbaijan, exploitation of the Azeri gas reserves needs to be tapped. President Aliyev receives the President of Romania indicating agreement not only economic, but includes deeper political ties.

    17/05/2016 09:20:00 ARMENIA-AZERBAIJAN
    Nagorno Karabakh, Armenia and Azerbaijan agree to ceasefire

    The two presidents meet in Vienna for the first time since renewed clashes in April. Under diplomatic pressure from Russia and the United States, both sides agreed to truce. New round of negotiations to resolve territorial disputes slated for June. According to analysts agreement paves way for common interests of Moscow and Washington in the region.

     





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