29 May, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile






mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 10/07/2009
CHINA
Populous China with infertility problems, made worse by abortion and one-child policy
Semi-official data indicate that 40 million couples, one in eight, have difficulties in having children. Fertility treatment often fails. For experts, this is the outcome of the ‘one-child’ policy, too many abortions and obesity.

Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – At least 40 million couples in mainland China have difficulties in having children or are actually infertile. This puts the infertility rate at 12.5 per cent for all couples in childbearing age. As a result of China’s “one-child policy”, the most populous country in the world could soon experience labour shortages and a rapidly aging population.

The 2009 Investigative Report on the Current State of Infertility in China, which was released at the China International Summit Forum on Infertility in August, found a significant decline in the average sperm count of men on the mainland, from about 100 million sperm per millilitre of semen 40 years ago to about 20 million to 40 million in recent years.

A survey of 18,000 people seeking treatment for infertility in Beijing found that 10 per cent had been trying to conceive for a year since getting married, 15 per cent had been trying for two years and 25 per cent for 10 years, the report said.

For women, the leading cause of infertility is the blockage of the fallopian tubes, mostly induced by abortions. In all, 66 per cent said their infertility had not been cured after repeated treatments.

The figure is alarming also because the problem is affecting the 25 to 30 age group seeking reproductive help.

Since the late 1970s, China has pursued a one-child policy, whereby couples are prevented from having a second child, except for rural couples when their first-born is female or members of ethnic minorities, and punished with heavy fines in case of violations.

Now medical experts conclude that abortion can cause complications for women who want to have children.

The best fertility clinics in China, like the Reproductive and Genetic Hospital of Citic-Xiangya in Changsha, see long queues of desperate couples, some coming from afar.

The situation is such that the hospital's president, Prof Lu Guangxiu, said it had implemented a waiting list system of up to a year to cope with demand. He said that the high number of abortions and increasing levels of obesity were the main reasons for rising infertility rates.

He also noted that pre-marital sex is widespread but information about contraceptive methods remains limited, so that many women resort to abortion to get rid of unwanted pregnancies.

Wang Tianping, vice-president of the Population Association of China, a non-governmental organisation set up by academics in 1981, warned that the problem of infertility has been underestimated. He warns that China might face labour shortages and a large pool of elderly who will have to be maintained by a generation of single children. Reproductive difficulties might make matters in unexpected ways.

Couples can still resort to in-vitro fertilisation, but the procedure can cost between 15,000 yuan and 25,000 yuan, a price that is well beyond the reach of many couples.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
09/15/2004 PHILIPPINES
No to contraceptives for birth control, says Archbishop Cruz
04/29/2005 PHILIPPINES
Family Planning Bill in Philippines Paving Way for Legalized Abortion
07/31/2009 CHINA
Some 13 million abortions performed outside of China’s one-child policy
01/28/2015 CHINA
Shanghai government calls for more children or the city will collapse
04/28/2011 CHINA
New census: unfettered urbanisation in an aging China

Editor's choices
ASIA
Vigil for persecuted Christians, our teachers in the mission in the West
by Bernardo CervelleraThe "wall of indifference and cynicism" and the silence and apathy so often denounced by Pope Francis have become almost a fortress. Such persecution reflects confessional manipulation, which slams Islam as such, and ideological manipulation, which forgets what is happening in North Korea or China. An increasingly post-Christian Europe seems disinterested in Christians.
RUSSIA – CHINA
Moscow Patriarchate: China authorises the ordination of Chinese Orthodox priests on its territory
by Marta AllevatoMetropolitan Hilarion, the Moscow Patriarchate’s ‘foreign minister’, made the announcement after a visit to China where he met the leaders of the State Administration for Religious Affairs. The first priest should serve in Harbin. Two more ordinations are expected. With a new Cold War as the background, the Moscow-Beijing strategic alliance also has a Church connection with the People's Republic recognising the latter’s 'political' role in Russia.
VATICAN
Pope: We and the four new saints, witnesses of the Resurrection "where forgetfulness of God and human disorientation are most evident "Francis proclaims four religious sisters saints: one French, one Italian, two Palestinians: Maria Alfonsina Danil Ghattas, the foundress of the Sisters of the Rosary, and the Carmelite Maria of Crucified Jesus (nee Maria Bawardy). Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian Authority present. "Abiding in Christ" and cultivating “unity among us" are essential signs of witness. Maria Bawardy, "instrument of encounter and communion with the Muslim world".

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.