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» 10/29/2004
VATICAN - IRAN
Religious freedom in Iran is a fundamental human right, Pope says
The role of the United Nations in the fight against terrorism must be strengthened, but religions must cooperate in eliminating its social causes.

Vatican City (AsiaNews) – On receiving the letters of accreditation of Iran's new Ambassador to the Holy See, Mohammad Javad Faridzadeh, Pope John  Paul II said that freedom of religion was a "fundamental" right and that the fight against terrorism needed the commitment of the world's governments to a stronger United Nations in order to achieve a more "balanced international order".

The Pontiff reminded the Iranian diplomat of the necessity of respecting international accords giving as an example the non proliferation treaty. Currently, Iran is at odds with the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency over its own nuclear programme.

Speaking about Iran's Catholics and other Christians, the Pope called for the "respect of their right to freely profess their religion" and for "grant[ing] Church institutions the status of legal entities thus facilitating their work in Iranian society." He also said that "freedom of worship was but one aspect of religious freedom which must be the same for all citizens."

In the face "of terrorism that seeks to impose its law", an "international situation that is deteriorating" and the "threats that hang over humanity", any attempt to achieve a more balanced international order and build a peaceful future for all can only be done if all states make a commitment to stable, efficient and accepted institutional arrangements such as those of the United Nations and other international organisations.

For the Pope, "such a commitment towards peace means taking a courageous stance against terrorism and building a world in which all are seen as children of the same All Mighty and Merciful God."

Quoting from the message from the 2002 World Peace Day, the Holy Father singled out the role religion can play in this fight. "The various Christian denominations as well as all the great religions of humanity," he stressed, "must cooperate to remove the social and cultural factors that lead to terrorism. They should teach about the greatness and dignity of man and make people more aware that we are all part of a single human kind".

 "Of course," he said, "peace-building implies mutual trust and acceptance. Others must not be seen as threats but as partners. Everyone must accept the obligations and controls that shared commitments require. This is true, for instance, in the case of international treaties and multilateral accords in areas that concern the common good such as the environment, arms trade, nuclear non proliferation as well as child and minority protection."

Speaking about relations among believers, John Paul II said that dialogue among people "is necessary in order to establish ties of fraternity and love". This must be done in "response to the dialogue that God initiated with man when he revealed His Word and proposed His Alliance".

"Our duty as believers," the Pope said, "is to announce to our contemporaries the fundamental values of religion. By virtue of natural law God left his mark on man and in doing so he enabled such values to give every person dignity and allowed us to manage our relations with our fellow human beings."

"As I said many times before," the Pope insisted, "Catholics must bear witness in favour of a culture of life, one that respects human life from conception till natural death and protects man's inalienable rights and duties. Among these rights, religious freedom stands out as an essential part of freedom of conscience and so reveals the transcendental nature of the human person."

"The Holy See is counting on Iranian authorities to give Catholics in Iran as well as other Christians the right to rely profess their faith and grant Church institutions the status of legal entities thus facilitating their work in Iranian society."

"Freedom of worship," he reiterated, "is but one aspect of religious freedom which must be the same for all citizens." (FP)


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See also
10/22/2004 INDONESIA
Former Indonesian President defends a Catholic church
by Mathias Hariyadi
11/03/2004 PAKISTAN
Blasphemy law: death threats against teenage girl forces family to flee
10/15/2004 INDIA
India's Catholics worried by anti-minority violence
10/19/2004 INDIA
More then 300 tribal forced to reconvert to Hinduism
by Nirmala Carvalho
10/11/2004 india
Hindu Activists Arrested For Attack On Missionaries of Charity

Editor's choices
EGYPT - ISLAM
What Tayeb and Sisi said is big step towards a revolution in Islam
by Samir Khalil SamirThe grand imam of Al-Azhar slammed literalist interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, as fundamentalists and Islamic terrorists do. He supports the urgent need for Islam's reform, especially in terms of teaching lay people and clerics. He also calls for an end to mutual excommunication (takfir) between Sunnis and Shias. Egyptian President al-Sisi chose to fight the Islamic state group after it beheaded 21 Coptic Christians, whom he called "Egyptian citizens" with full rights.
SAUDI ARABIA - ISLAM
For head of Al-Azhar, religious education reform is needed to stop Islamic extremismFor Ahmed al-Tayeb, it is urgent to come up with new educational programmes to avoid "corrupt interpretations" of the Qur'an and Sunnah. Islamic terrorism undermines the unity of the Muslim world. He blames Mideast tensions on a "new global colonialism allied to world Zionism". a speech by the Saudi king is read at the conference.
HONG KONG - CHINA - VATICAN
It looks like someone is trying to shout us down
by Card. Joseph Zen Ze-kiunThe widespread optimism concerning the dialogue between the Holy See and China is largely groundless. Some Chinese bishops unable to speak freely are asked "leading" questions. The key issues remain unresolved, namely episcopal appointments and the fate of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association. Benedict XVI's Letter to Chinese Catholics, also cited by Pope Francis, provides guidelines. No agreement is better than a bad agreement. What happened to Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang and Msgr. James Su Zhimin? Hong Kong's bishop emeritus, champion of religious freedom in China, delivers a vibrant reflection.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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