Tokyo (AsiaNews / Agencies) - Tensions between Beijing , Washington, Tokyo and Seoul continue to mount after the Chinese established an identification zone for air defense ( Zida ) in the East China Sea .
The Zida , established by the
Ministry of Defence in Beijing on November 23 , requires that all aircraft
entering the area are identified and follow their directions. If
the aircraft do not submit to their directions, the Ministry for Defense will
take "defensive measures".
Beijing's air defense zone covers an area disputed with Japan - the famous Senkaku / Diaoyu - and partially overlaps the areas of defense of Taiwan and South Korea
Beijing's unilateral decision was immediately challenged : The U.S. has sent two B52 bombers through the area, without forewarning Beijing , then South Korea sent a military plane on patrol , and Japan ordered its airlines - Ana and Japan Airlines - not to submit to Chinese demands, defying Beijing's instructions.
China has not responded to these
challenges, yet. After
the flight of the two B52 , the Ministry of Defense said that it was important
to have recognized and identified the aircraft .
The countries in the area - South Korea , Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines - fear that the air defense zone is in reality a claim of sovereignty. In the East China Sea , China has long fought with Japan for sovereignty over the Senkaku / Diaoyu , with the Philippines for the Scarborough Shoal . In the South China Sea Beijing claims sovereignty of the Spratly and Paracel Islands , also claimed by Vietnam , Brunei, Philippines , Malaysia and Taiwan.
All these countries use their relations with the United States to contain Chinese expansionism .