» 07/07/2010, 00.00
Without truth, freedom becomes prevarication of the powerful, says Pope
Benedict XVI’s general audience dedicated to the thought of Duns Scotus, who states that in reality, "freedom grows and improves when man opens himself to God." For the theologian called the "poet of the Incarnate Word and defender of the Immaculate Conception," the Incarnation is the greatest and most beautiful event in the whole history of salvation", designed by God as "the fulfilment of creation. "
Vatican City (AsiaNews) - Freedom is "authentic and helps to build a humane society only when it is reconciled with the truth that comes from God". If detached from the truth, freedom destroys man’s interior harmony" "it becomes the prevarication of the powerful." Benedict XVI returned to the theme of "true freedom" that comes from listening to God today, at his last general audience before his departure for Castel Gandolfo, where he will remain until September 30th.
The question of "true freedom," is especially dear to the Pope. Speaking to nine thousand pilgrims gathered in the Paul VI hall, he addressed it once again as he traced the figure of a great thinker of the thirteenth century, John Duns Scotus, a man of “brilliant intelligence and gifted in speculation", which earned him the title "Doctor subtilis.
Citing the inscription on his tombstone: “Scotland gave me birth. England welcomed me. France taught me. Cologne will keep me" Benedict XVI recalled that John was born in 1266 "probably in a village called Duns . He was drawn to Franciscan spirituality, in 1291 was ordained priest for the friars minor. He studied and taught in Paris, Oxford and Cambridge. When he was in France, where he returned in 1301, at the outbreak of the conflict between Philip the Fair and Boniface VII he sided with the Pope preferred to choose voluntary exile.
This episode "reminds us how many times in church history, Christians have faced hostility, and even suffered persecution because of their loyalty to Christ, the Church and the Pope." "We all look with admiration to these Christians who teach us to cherish as precious, our faith in Christ and communion with Peter”.
On the restoration of good relations between France and the papacy, he returned to Paris, from where his superiors sent him to teach in Cologne. There, one year later, he died in 1308, at only 43 years of age. "Because of his reputation for sanctity, his cult spread throughout the Franciscan order and in 1993 John Paul II beatified him, calling him" the bard of the Incarnate Word and defender of the Immaculate Conception".
Of the thought of Duns Scotus, Benedict XVI stressed in particular the theologians arguments on the Incarnation. He defined it as "entirely unreasonable" to argue that "the fall into sin was the cause of his coming." "The Son of God would have made himself man even if humanity had not sinned." His "surprising thought” is that the Incarnation was designed by the Father for eternity in his plan of love." It is the realisation of creation. " "The Incarnation is the greatest and most beautiful event of all of salvation history, originating in God’s idea to finally unite all creation to himself."
"This strongly Christocentric theological vision opens to wonder, contemplation and gratitude." And repeating the words spoken by Paul VI in Manila, Benedict XVI said that "it reveals the invisible God, the foundation of everything, the Redeemer, the centre of world history, one who knows us and loves us, who is our life’s companion, I will never tire of talking of Him".
Duns Scotus is also credited with the formulation of the doctrine on the Immaculate Conception, which exceeds objections according to which if Mary is considered free from sin original then the "the universality of the redemption accomplished by Christ” is denied, “as if Mary did not need to be redeemed”. Duns Scotus states - and the idea was affirmed by Pius IX in the dogma on the Immaculate Conception - the subject of "preventive redemption". The Immaculate Conception is the masterpiece of Redemption, because the power of his Redemption meant that Mary was completely free from sin".
In this respect, the Pope underlined "an important fact: theologians of value like Duns Scotus have enriched with their specific contribution to thinking what the people of God believed and manifested in acts of piety, in art, and genre, in Christian life", on the Immaculate Conception, thus also the Assumption. "So the people of God precede theologians, through sensus fidei, which calls us to embrace faith with a humility of heart". “In this sense the people of God is magisterium". "May theologians always to listen to this reality".
The final aspect of the thought of Duns Scotus emphasized by Benedict XVI is the relationship between freedom and truth. "In man - he said - the same freedom should be freed from the limitations that come from sin." "Freedom has always been the dream of man", but "modern history as well as our everyday experience teaches us that freedom is real, and helps to build a truly human civilization, only when it is reconciled with the truth" . "If it is detached from the truth, freedom tragically becomes the start of the destruction of inner harmony of the human person, a source of prevarication of the most powerful and violent, and the cause of suffering and mourning". Indeed, "freedom grows and improves when man opens himself to God and listens to and accepts the divine revelation. Then we are reached by a message of light that fills our lives, and then we are truly free”.
Pope: authority and reason are never in contrast, they have the same source in God
Illustrating the thought of St. John Scotus Erigena, a Irish theologian of the IX century, Benedict XVI shows how in reading Scripture “reason leads to a certain path towards truth”, in being “constantly open to conversion”.
08/07/2008 HONG KONG – CHINA – VATICAN
Father Allegra, translator of Bible in Chinese, to be beatified in October synod, Card Zen suggests
Beatification would be a good way to conclude the synod dedicated to the Word of God. Fr Gabriele Allegra, a Franciscan missionary to China and Hong Kong, is known as the “Saint Jerome of China” for translating the Holy Scriptures into Chinese. The Vatican knows of one miracle attributed to him, but the cause of beatification is still waiting.
For Pope, holiness is a “normal vocation” for all those who are baptised
Benedict XVI talks about saints and blessed ones during the general audience. They are remembered these days to underscore the fact that holiness “is not something reserved for the few”. In addition to famous saints, there are many whose name is “known by God alone.”
Pope: John Paul II’s Calvary a model for health care workers
Benedict XVI points to the Polish pope who in his physical weakness, and stripped of everything, became "as his only Lord and Master, who from the Cross became a point of attraction and salvation for humanity." "The mystery of pain seems to blur the face of God, identifying him as being responsible for human suffering, but the eyes of faith are able to look deeply into this mystery."
Pope John Paul II is blessed for his strong, generous, apostolic faith
With a ceremony attended by hundreds of thousands - perhaps millions - of faithful, cardinals, patriarchs, international delegations, Benedict XVI beatifies Karol Wjtyla. A man devoted to Mary, who steered the Church into the Third Millennium, carrying with him the wealth of Vatican II. He opened "society, culture, political and economic systems" up to Christ reversing the tendency to marginalize faith. Against Marxism and ideologies of progress he reclaimed power of Christian hope, helping "Christians around the world not to be afraid to call themselves Christians, belonging to the Church, to speak the Gospel. In a word, he helped us not to be afraid of the truth because the truth is a guarantee of liberty. "
MYANMAR - VATICAN
“Hectic hours” before pope's arrival in Yangon, Catholics to help pilgrims
Some 200,000 people are expected at the solemn Mass at Kyaikkasan Grounds, including Buddhist and Muslim leaders. Some 6,000 kids will take part in the Mass for young people the next day. Filipinos, Australians and Thais are also expected for Pope Francis’ apostolic journey. From our correspondent.
The genocide of Yemen:First bombs, now hunger, thirst and cholera
The coalition led by Riyadh blocks the arrival of fuel needed to run the wells. Over a million people without water in Taiz, Saada, Hodeida, Sana'a and Al Bayda. According to UNICEF, 1.7 million children suffer from acute malnutrition”; 150,000 children are likely to die in the coming weeks. The silence and neglect of the international community. The threat of hitting crude-cargo ships. Yesterday, Saudi Arabia allowed the reopening of Sana'a airport and Hudayda port, but only for humanitarian aid. An insufficient measure.
20/11/2017 LEBANON - FRANCE
AsiaNews IS ALSO A MONTHLY!
AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.