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» 06/21/2010
CHINA
Yuan jumps 0.43 per cent to five-year high
Two days after the China’s central bank announces greater flexibility, yuan rises significantly. Chinese shares gain immediately, pulled by airliners and property shares. Everyone is now waiting for tomorrow to see if the trend will last and what the PBOC will do.

Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – The yuan reached a five-year high on Monday with 6.7969 to the US dollar, up 0.43 per cent from Friday's close of 6.8262, two days after the People's Bank of China (PBOC), the mainland's central bank, stepped aside and let broad gains on the first trading day after it ditched the currency's two-year peg to the US dollar. Traders reacted positively, pushing shares up in China, with Hong Kong up more than 3 per cent pulled by property shares, financials and airlines.

For analysts, the PBOC appears willing to let the market find its feet and not intervene. The result is that the yuan posted its biggest daily gain against the dollar since its revaluation in July 2005, with the central bank staying true to its weekend pledge that it would allow greater currency flexibility.

Many agree that only tomorrow will the markets see how far the yuan will go, and thus get a sense of how much the PBOC will allow the yuan to rise in one day.”  Few in fact expect the Chinese currency to rise as much as it did today. Indeed, by late afternoon, the yuan was trading near 6.815 after banks that shorted US dollars had to cover their positions before the end of the day.

After announcing an end to the peg on Saturday, the PBOC yesterday stressed that a substantial appreciation in the currency was "not in China's interests" and that the exchange rate would remain "basically stable".

Beijing’s move comes one week before the G20 summit in Toronto, which include the world’s top economies, plus the European Union.

For years, Western powers, including Japan, have accused China of keeping its currency artificially low, demanding that its trading be liberalised. With its recent move, Beijing earned appreciation and positive comments from governments around the world.

In China too, markets reacted positively to the announcement. In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng jumped 3.08 per cent with property shares, financial institutions and airline companies leading the way.

On the mainland, the key stock index rose 2.9 per cent to its highest close in three weeks, as markets anticipated that Beijing would allow the yuan to strengthen, signalling the government's confidence in the economy.

In Shanghai, the Composite Index also rose with airlines major gainers, as investors anticipated a reduction in US dollar-based costs for aircraft and fuel. Property shares also went up because a rising yuan is likely to boost investments and sales.


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See also
02/12/2015 CHINA
For New Year, China's central bank has to come up with 610 billion in cash
07/16/2010 CHINA
Top mining company responsible for major spill in Fujian, three top officials arrested
06/22/2010 CHINA
Chinese state-owned banks buy a lot of dollars, yuan loses values
08/31/2009 CHINA
Shanghai Composite Index drops 6.74 per cent today, 21.8 per cent in August
11/12/2009 CHINA – UNITED STATES
Hu and Obama in the war over the yuan

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by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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